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Tag: "military" at biology news

Small, self-controlled planes combine plant pathology and engineering

...til recently, researchers used autonomous UAVs for military applications, but now we can apply this cutting-edge technology to agriculture,” said Schmale, who is an affiliate faculty member in the Virginia Center for Autonomous Systems (VaCAS), a Virginia Tech research center that facilitates collaboration re...

Runners -- Let thirst be your guide

... physical exercise activities as diverse as forced military marches, prolonged hiking and marathon, ultramarathon and triathlon races, and there have been at least 8 documented fatalities. Some people have been known to gain up to 6-7 pounds during a marathon due to retention of water that the kidneys cannot ...

The mouflons of the Kerguelen archipelago

... one of the most isolated places on Earth, house a military base and a science station. In 1957, the local authorities decided to offer residents the opportunity to hunt mouflons (a type of wild sheep). A pair of Corsican mouflons was imported from the Vincennes Zoo in Paris. Initially, the mouflon population...

Smallpox outbreak: How long would it take for vaccines to protect people? Would it work?

... some government employees, some emergency workers military personnel and researchers). ...

Risk of lymphoma increases with hepatitis C virus infection

...he researchers note that this study was limited to military veterans who used the VA system, so the results may not be applicable to the overall U.S. population. The study population was mostly men (97 percent), the majority of patients were white, and the average age was 52 years. Patients in the HCV-infect...

Remote sheep population resists genetic drift

...rt. The French government has used the island as a military outpost since the early 1900s, with French settlers arriving in the 1950s. The Haute Island mouflon descended from two Corsican mouflons taken from the Vincennes Zoo in Paris in 1957. Mouflon are a hardy and fecund species of sheep, with the ewes...

Napoleon's mysterious death unmasked, UT Southwestern researcher says

...rse in fruits and vegetables ?common fare for long military campaigns. "Even if treated today, he'd have been dead within a year," he said. Dr. Genta completed some of the work for this report while at the University of Geneva. Researchers from the Aarau Cantonal Hospital and the Institute of Pathology ...

Pacific Rim researchers to collaborate on distributed bioinformatics analysis of avian flu

...ies in order to deliver world-class health care to military personnel. The increasing frequency of biological events relevant to national security, and current disease surveillance systems in the United States (U.S.) require an integrated computational environment to support easy access to a set of universal ...

Cracking open the black box of autoimmune disease

... The immune system is often described as a kind of military unit, a defense network that guards the body from invaders. Seen in this way, a group of white blood cells called T cells are the frontline soldiers of immune defense, engaging invading pathogens head on. These T cells are commanded by a second g...

MIT designs portable 'lab on a chip'

...table. Potential applications are not limited to military use - imagine going to a doctor's office and getting test results immediately. The technology could also be useful for first responders. If emergency personnel knew immediately whether a person had suffered a heart attack or a stroke, they could sta...

Detecting explosives with honeybees

...hich present a critical vulnerability for American military troops abroad and is an emerging danger for civilians worldwide. By studying bee behavior and testing and improving on technologies already on the market, Los Alamos scientists developed methods to harness the honey bee's exceptional olfactory sens...

Thermal imaging shatters arousal gender gap myth

...as the technology used in night vision goggles for military operations. Previously, sex researchers have measured arousal with instruments that require genital contact and manipulation. Binik focused thermographic cameras on his subjects' genitals while they watched a montage of material from pornog...

Researcher studies, treats military with 'silent disease'

... Medical Center. The virus, which affects the U.S. military at similar rates as the civilian population, cause...e no symptoms. While working at her clinic at the military hospital, Sjogren noted that at least half of her patients tested positive for the hepatitis C virus...

NASA technology helping injured US troops

...ent or staff." According to Messier, one active military patient at Walter Reed who was wheelchair-bound fo...trength. The condition, which developed after his military service, caused his knees to buckle during physical therapy. "The SAM walker prevented my knees fr...

Technique speeds up detecting, treating wound bacteria

...m in 1999 to promote research in health issues the military faces. Since its inception through 2005, the progr...the Defense Department, his results will help both military and civilian patients. "Most of us in infectious diseases are looking for ways to speed up microbi...

Research tracks whales by listening to sounds

...ific Ocean. As the Cold War ebbed, these and other military assets were offered to civilian researchers performing environmental studies. Another Oregon State researcher, Christopher Fox, first received permission from the Navy to use the hydrophones at his laboratory at OSU's Hatfield Marine Science Center...

New antimicrobial compound adheres to skin to promote healing

...arly with swimmers or other athletes and people in military settings. "In high-school athletics especially, getting staph infections from scratches is a huge problem. Our bioadhesive can adhere to wet skin, cleanse the wound and promote healing," he said, adding that they're also looking at a non-oily gel fo...

Losing sleep undoes the rejuvenating effects new learning has on the brain

...ly sleep-deprived people, including members of the military and medical students," Hairston said. "That said, while the cognitive impairment may be overcome, our findings indicate that mild, chronic sleep restriction may have long-term deleterious effects on neural function," according to the paper. Further...

Wound monitor 'sniffs out' infections

... monitoring trauma injuries, chronic ulcers and in military field hospitals. Manchester will coordinate a European team of engineers and medical experts, which will include consultants from the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery at Wythenshawe Hospital (Manchester) and Kaunas Medical University Hospital...

Researchers develop portable 'vein finder' for faster, more accurate injections

...e services, hospital emergency rooms, clinics, the military and nursing homes. "For example, IV (intravenous) insertion is especially difficult in dehydrated patients because their blood vessels lack normal volume," he explains. "Similarly, because cardiac patients' hearts aren't pumping properly, their vei...

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