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Tag: "medicines" at biology news

Threats to wild tigers growing

...ne 2007 issue of BioScience. Growing trade in folk medicines made from tiger parts and tiger skins, along with habitat loss and fragmentation, is believed to be the chief reason for the losses. The assessment, by Eric Dinerstein of the World Wildlife Fund and 15 coauthors, describes the wild tiger's population...

UCF nanoparticle offers promise for treating glaucoma

...that while barely 1-3 percent of existing glaucoma medicines penetrate into the eye, earlier experiments with nanoparticles have shown not only high penetration rates but also little patient discomfort. The miniscule size of the nanoparticles makes them less abrasive than some of the complex polymers now used...

Fat fish put obesity on the hook

...r of the drug discovery process, thus bringing new medicines to the market faster and cheaper.” In the study, researchers caused obesity in zebrafish by introducing the same type of genetic mutation that causes severe obesity in humans. The genetic change blocks the activity of a receptor, the melanocortin-...

HIVMA opposes The Gambia's unproven AIDS remedy

...ica shows the lifesaving effects of antiretroviral medicines for people living with HIV/AIDS. On the other hand, the remedy President Jammeh is promoting is untested. It is highly unethical to stop a proven therapy to try an unproven one. We are extremely concerned that President Jammeh would recklessly experi...

8 plants from South Africa may hold potential for treating high blood pressure

...rapy is used side-by-side with traditional African medicines to heal the sick. While plants have been used in African medicine to treat fever, asthma, constipation, esophageal cancer and hypertension, scientific analyses of the purported benefits of many plants is still scant. A team of researchers has now exa...

HIV survival improves if patients stay in care

... Giordano. "Patients who have trouble taking their medicines regularly will do less well. But what about those people who aren't even seeing a doctor regularly" Before this study, we had only a vague understanding of the magnitude of the problem, and we certainly didn't know whether it affected survival." W...

Chemical maps hint at drug's effects on schizophrenia

... investigator. "Now we can begin to develop better medicines that target the specific metabolites important for the disease but not those that could lead to detrimental side effects." Although some lipids are known to have detrimental effects on human health -- such as high levels of cholesterol that lead t...

Fighting influenza & co. with 40,000 blood samples

...lood samples. The objective is also to develop new medicines which largely inactivate the viruses and enable the immune system to deal with the small amount of residual viruses. Spanish flu took the lives of at least 25 million people between 1918 and 1920. But the disease was not only exceptional because of ...

Antifungal drug kills TB bug

...lso most prolific and a shortage of traditional TB medicines and problems with patient compliance has led to th... ‘super strains?" Funded by the EU’s NM4TB (new medicines for tuberculosis) project, the Manchester team set about trying to find alternative drugs that could...

ESA launches new project to protect biodiversity

...ulation currently relies on plant and animal-based medicines for their primary health care needs. The sustainab...ms and species, but it may also save the foods and medicines of tomorrow. "The United Nations Convention on Biodiversity (UNCBD) agreed on a set of headline i...

Scientists sequence genome of parasite responsible for common sexually transmitted infection

...arget our efforts to developing the most effective medicines to treat the infection and potentially create a way to prevent infection altogether," says NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection that affects both men and women and results in roughly 7.4 million ...

Genes and biomarkers that allow doctors to choose the right therapy for the right patient

...ncially impossible to test all of the experimental medicines in each cancer subtype. This ‘systems?approach suggests a way to prioritize drugs for use in patients and for initial clinical tests." According to Gray, a large of number of emerging therapeutic agents should be prioritized for testing in the su...

New antibacterials being developed to tackle MRSA superbug

...We urgently need a new generation of antibacterial medicines to stop its spread through hospitals, nursing homes and the wider community." The compounds being developed by Prolysis under the award from the Wellcome Trust block the ability of the MRSA bacteria to divide and multiply. They do this by inhibitin...

Producing medicines in plant seeds

...tional production methods. Production of biotech medicines A large number of today's medicines are made with the aid of biotechnology (and this number should only grow in the future). To do this,...

Health Canada approves cold and flu medicine

... to COLD-fX. First, COLD-fX is one of the very few medicines ?drugs or natural health products ?that Health Canada has approved for daily use as a preventative medicine. Second, COLD-fX can be taken to provide symptom relief for colds and flu." Shan added that Health Canada reviewed all of CV Technologies p...

To slow AIDS in Russia, treat HIV-positive addicts, Stanford study says

...son's body. The cumulative effect of two or three medicines works better than a single one to keep the virus at bay. Antiretroviral therapies have the added benefit of reducing the chances that an infected person will transmit HIV to others. To understand how antiretroviral therapy could affect HIV trans...

Mayo researchers discover HIV dependence on a human protein

...iral medicines, they are never cured. Stopping the medicines even briefly lets HIV repopulate the body with many millions of copies, like a computer virus spreading around the world from a single infected computer. ...

A new target for painkillers

...esponse to things that are painful. Common pain medicines like aspirin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen often fail to relieve neuropathic pain. Morphine-like opiods such as oxycodone sometimes are used, but can cause constipation, nausea and a spaced-out feeling. Anticonvulsant drugs for epilepsy sometime a...

Engineer ramps up protein production, develops versatile viral spheres

...res could therefore transport targeted vaccines or medicines around the bloodstream or could be linked together in different configurations to make novel materials. Materials from assembled capsids could be light, strong and biodegradable, Swartz says. Piggybacking vaccines on capsids may provide safer and m...

Affymetrix 500K array used to identify memory gene

...ns. The team's findings may be used to develop new medicines for memory-based diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's by providing scientists with a better understanding of how memory works at the molecular level. The study entitled, "Common KIBRA alleles are associated with human memory performance," wi...

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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management 2The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management 3The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management 4The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management 5Hope for the overweight 2New international tree nut council study looks at nuts, diabetes and metabolic syndrome 2
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