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Tag: "leading" at biology news

Researchers discover inherited mutation for leukemia

...e occurs later that turns the gene off altogether, leading to leukemia. This latter alteration is a chemical change that is not inherited. The findings could help identify people at risk for chronic leukemia, but they also may provide new insights into the process of natural cell death. They may even lea...

Discovery in orange cauliflower may lead to more nutritious crops

...es, leads to compromised immune systems and is the leading cause of blindness in children. "A large percentage of the human population depends on staple crops for nutrition," said Li, an adjunct assistant professor in the Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics and a scientist at the U.S. Department of A...

How to lose weight and not go hungry: HU researcher develops drug that mimics feeling of 'fullness'

...ompound orally in order to curb his appetite, thus leading to natural weight loss. In experiments with mice, it was shown that a single oral administration of BL-3020 led to reduced consumption over a period of 24 hours. Over a 12-day period of daily dosages, the mice weighed 40 percent less than the average...

Columbine flowers develop long nectar spurs in response to pollinators

...tion of the length of nectar spurs--the long tubes leading to plants' nectar--happens in a way that allows flowers to match the tongue lengths of the pollinators that drink their nectar, biologists have found. The researchers were Justen Whittall of the University of California at Davis and Scott Hodges of ...

U-M researchers discover gene switched off in cancer can be turned on

...ted about the potential this finding could have in leading to new targets for cancer treatment. “This is a targetable target. We can detect it, but we need to find a better way to turn it back on. No drugs are designed to deal with a gene that’s turned off. But it’s a straightforward extension of current ...

Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming

... path for cutting emissions of carbon dioxide, the leading greenhouse gas that causes global warming. Carbon capture and storage, also called carbon sequestration, traps carbon dioxide after it is produced and injects it underground. The gas never enters the atmosphere. The practice could transform heavy ca...

Newly discovered antibody may be body's natural defense against Alzheimer's

... NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell is currently leading a six-month Phase II study of IVIG in 24 patients with mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease, which is planned to be complete later this year. While this study may provide a signal of the effect of IVIG therapy to clinical outcomes, further investiga...

Could fungal collection hold the key to new life-saving drugs?

...ht MRSA, cancers and other diseases, after CABI, a leading bioservices organisation announced that its fungal collection will be screened by the University of Strathclyde. CABI houses one of the world’s largest genetic resource collections of fungi, numbered at over 28,000 strains, including Fleming’s origi...

Marine phytoplankton changes form to protect itself from different predators

...d – thereby reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide, a leading greenhouse gas. If consumed by smaller creatures like ciliates, less of the carbon sinks to the deep sea and more remains in the surface waters. “This could alter the flow of energy and nutrients from deep to shallow, depending on what might be t...

Staphylococcus aureus hides out in cells

...e-emerge and trigger another episode of infection, leading to chronicity.”...

Potent possibilities for parasite attack

...enomes. Some genes, however, are evolving rapidly, leading the team to suspect they include key genes involved in interacting with the human host - where the battle between parasite and patient is fought and where rapid response is important to both. Remarkably, L. braziliensis, the most ancient Leishmani...

Clot-dissolving agent may be beneficial in treatment of severe frostbite

...imulates clotting that blocks small blood vessels, leading to cell death. Because tPA reverses this clotting, blood flow is restored before permanent damage is done. “Based on the dramatic improvements in perfusion [blood flow] and reduction in rates of amputations when tPA was administered within 24 hour...

Researchers identify protein pathway involved in Parkinson disease development

...owever, the protective TRAP1 pathway is disrupted, leading to mitochondrial damage. Other scientists recently have linked early onset Parkinson disease to mutations in both copies of the PINK1 gene (one from each parent). They also have evidence that single-copy mutations in PINK1 are a significant risk ...

Surprising origin of cell's internal highways

...Golgi are directed toward the cell "front," or the leading edge, of motile cells. Since such an orientation is needed for directional migration, Kaverina hypothesizes that this subset of microtubules may influence cell motility by facilitating the transport of proteins needed for movement to the cell front. ...

Researchers develop buckyballs to fight allergy

...rapies for allergy. Allergic disease is the sixth leading cause of chronic disease in the United States, and while various treatments have been developed to control allergy, no cure has been found. These findings advance the emerging field of medicine known as nanoimmunology. The researchers, from Virgin...

Male circumcision overstated as prevention tool against AIDS

... Population and Development and one of the world’s leading advocates for male circumcision, weighted results from individual countries by their population. When this artificial weighting was removed Talbott found that circumcision was no longer statistically significant in explaining the variance in AIDS in...

Smoking rate has plummeted in New York City

...arter of a million fewer smokers, New York City is leading the way on tobacco control. There aren’t many programs that can prevent 80,000 premature deaths this quickly.” Ads from the 2006 campaign graphically depicted tobacco smoke’s effects on the brain, lungs and arteries, showing testimonials from si...

Experts predict Tamiflu could halve the pandemic influenza death toll versus no intervention

...pproximately half. This study was announced at the leading influenza conference, Options for the Control of Influenza VI, in Toronto.1 The reality is that country stockpiles of Tamiflu are limited and are targeted at treatment only rather than treatment and prevention.2 However, some governments are now pl...

Putting feelings into words produces therapeutic effects in the brain

... in an upcoming issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, a leading international medical journal for health psychology research. “Thinking, ‘this is anger’ is what we do in this study, where people look at an angry face and say, ‘this is anger,’” Lieberman noted. Creswell said Lieberman has now shown in a seri...

New vaccine prevents CMV infection and disease in mice

...nd disease. CMV, a type of herpes virus, is the leading viral cause of birth defects and a serious problem in patients with compromised immune systems. The body’s natural immunity doesn’t protect against infection by the virus, estimated to be present in 50 to 75 percent of all adults. “Until now, s...

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(Date:7/9/2014)... in which animals can be found, concern mounts over ... increased range for a host mean new territory for ... team of UC Santa Barbara scientists, including parasitologists Ryan ... the Journal of Biogeography , Hechinger, Kuris and ... happen: Hosts may actually lose their parasites when the ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... Tampa, Fla. (July 9, 2014) Emerging fungal ... any other parasitic group, causing population declines of ... from the University of South Florida published in ... amphibians can acquire behavioral or immunological resistance to ... population declines. , "Acquired resistance is important ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... critically ill children with traumatic injuries have identified ... likely to develop a hospital-acquired infection. The study, ... published online in June in the journal ... that could lead to the clinical implementation of ... or reverse immune system damage following critical illness ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Not at home on the range 2Not at home on the range 3Not at home on the range 4USF study: Amphibians can acquire resistance to deadly fungus 2Immune function predicts infection risk among child trauma patients 2Immune function predicts infection risk among child trauma patients 3
(Date:7/9/2014)... the most common type of lung cancer, researchers have ... role in forming tumors. The new knowledge may expand ... genetic changes already are available or are in clinical ... investigators from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), including researchers ... Harvard Medical School and other institutions, studied tumors from ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... -- Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found ... who are also depressed have difficulty sticking to ... particularly true for women, and screening and brief ... of treatment. The study and its findings are ... , Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... have been linked to an emerging fungal disease ... Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS) shows ... , In a series of mathematical models, researchers ... internal organs in frogs, could cause extinction of ... exposed to the virus every few years, a ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... (July 9, 2014) A retrospective study conducted by ... colleagues reports that among adults with intellectual and developmental ... number of years receiving dental care increased. The findings, ... in Dentistry , may help improve interventions designed to ... , The researchers reviewed the dental records of ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... risen dramatically in Western societies. One frequently cited reason ... have fewer infections than previous generations, thereby delaying maturation ... at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, monitored children until ... immune system in relation to allergic disease. All of ... Gtaland Region, half of them on farms that produced ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Lung cancer study hints at new treatments 2Health News:Miriam Hospital study examines effect of depressed mood on pulmonary rehab completion 2Health News:Study predicts ranavirus as potential new culprit in amphibian extinctions 2Health News:Adults with special needs see gains, challenges with long term oral care 2Health News:Adults with special needs see gains, challenges with long term oral care 3
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