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Tag: "largest" at biology news

Identified main genetic variants involved in response to HIV

This international collaboration has been the largest ever to have taken place in a large scale study on genetic differences between patients infected by HIV, and is the first study of this kind in the field of infectious disease. Catalan participants have been coordinated by Javier Martínez-Picado, ICR...

Blood test may help signal tumor's remission, return in throat cancer patients

...from the tonsils and base of the tongue. In the largest long-term study of its kind, NIH and University of...ents who had a history of smoking experiencing the largest spikes. (For this reason, estimates of relative risk of death were adjusted to exclude the compoundi...

Researchers find 24 species believed new to science in Suriname rainforest

...lopment. The Guayana Shield region contains the largest undisturbed tropical rainforest on the planet, a northern Amazon tract three times larger than the U.S. state of Texas (twice the size of Ethiopia) that is home to 100 indigenous groups. In Suriname, the only former Dutch colony in South America, the...

Largest synthetic gene ever built offers insights into anti-malarial drug resistance

...ucted over a two-year period is believed to be the largest synthetic one ever built, and it successfully produces large quantities of the encoded protein, whose function can now be easily studied. In research published in the May 22 issue of the journal Biochemistry, the researchers say that with the additi...

Alzheimer's disease to quadruple worldwide by 2050

...ostly late-stage disease treatment in 2050. The largest increase in the prevalence of Alzheimer’s will occur in Asia, where 48 percent of the world’s Alzheimer’s cases currently reside. The number of Alzheimer’s cases is expected to grow in Asia from 12.65 million in 2006 to 62.85 million in 2050; at that...

Breakthrough developments in rheumatoid arthritis reported

...r autoimmune diseases. The Feinstein now holds the largest collection from rheumatoid arthritis patients in the world. Following the cellular pathway, it has been shown that PTPN22 influences the “trigger point” for activation of T-cells, immune cells that are normally called on to wage battle against i...

Massive herds of animals found to still exist in Southern Sudan

...hants, with concentrations mainly in the Sudd, the largest freshwater wetland in Africa. They also found evid... ’80s, which at the time was proclaimed one of the largest wildlife migrations on the planet. “We estimated more than 800,000 kob in Southern Sudan,” said Fa...

Could fungal collection hold the key to new life-saving drugs?

...ty of Strathclyde. CABI houses one of the world’s largest genetic resource collections of fungi, numbered at over 28,000 strains, including Fleming’s original penicillin producing isolate. They will be supplying the University of Strathclyde’s Institute for Drug Research (SIDR) with extracts from filamento...

Surprising origin of cell's internal highways

...bly cancer cell invasion. Microtubules are the largest of the three main types of filaments that make up the cytoskeleton -- a web of microscopic fibers inside the cell. They form when two globular proteins, alpha- and beta-tubulin, polymerize into long chains, which then assemble into long, hollow t...

Study identifies 5 genetic themes key to keeping stem cells in a primitive, flexible state

...us analysis methods, using data from StemBase, the largest stem cell gene expression database in the world. Designed by bioinformaticist Dr. Miguel Andrade, the database includes data from thousands of DNA microarrays submitted mainly by scientists in Canada’s Stem Cell Network. All data is freely available ...

Ancient retrovirus sheds light on modern pandemic

...ersity of Washington led by Evan Eichler found the largest difference overall between the chimp and human genomes was the presence or absence of PtERV1," Emerman said. "Chimps have 130 copies of PtERV1 and humans have none." It is believed that retroviruses have been entering the genome for many millions ...

AAAS decries latest stem cell veto

...or embryonic stem cell research. AAAS, the world’s largest general scientific society, stands with a broad co...or embryonic stem cell research. AAAS, the world's largest general scientific society, stands with a broad coalition of Americans spanning all parties and fait...

Want to save polar bears? Follow the ice

...is launching a bold initiative to save the Earth’s largest terrestrial predator, not by following the bears t...ctive decisions that can make a difference for the largest carnivore on earth." The "Warm Waters for Cool Bears" initiative represents a departure from prev...

Lessons from the orangutans: Upright walking may have begun in the trees

...ly tended to walk on all fours when navigating the largest branches, the researchers found. Hand-assisted bipedalism may have offered several advantages that allowed our arboreal ancestors to venture onto thin branches. They could have gripped multiple branches with their toes and distributed their center...

A cherry on top: Tart cherries may alter heart/diabetes factors

...an, frozen, and powdered. Michigan is the nation's largest producer of tart cherries, which are used in pies and jams as well as juice. They are different from the sweet Bing cherries that are often eaten raw, and have higher concentrations of antioxidant anthocyanins than sweet cherries. By the end of t...

Hearts of male and female rainbow trout are different

...comparisons made between male and female fish (the largest group of vertebrates) made. There is a growing appreciation of significant sex differences in cardiac characteristics and function in adult humans. A new research study begins to close the gender gap in fishes, and finds that sex differences in cardi...

Keeping the immune system from starting a 'food fight'

...is cluster of chronic diseases now constitutes the largest global health threat, Hotamisligil said. Their current findings pinpoint STAMP2 as a critical factor to prevent overt inflammatory responses during everyday nutrient fluctuations or conditions of nutrient excess. In fat cells, a lack of STAMP2 led...

Risk of lymphoma increases with hepatitis C virus infection

...an five years of follow-up. "This is one of the largest studies ever conducted to look at the relationship between hepatitis C virus infection and cancers of the lymphatic system," said NCI Director John E. Niederhuber, M.D. "Since so much is still unknown about the causes of lymphoma, establishing which...

Double the death rate from cirrhosis for 'blue collar' men

... and 64 in Australia in 2002 (543) and is the 10th largest overall killer of men. Cirrhosis is believed t...ualities in alcohol-related diseases are among the largest of any cause of death. For example, in Britain, between 1991 and 1993, liver cirrhosis rates among u...

Study offers clues to 'Broken Heart Syndrome'

...n University in Providence, RI, have developed the largest registry of patients in the United States with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, informally known as broken heart syndrome because it is often preceded by an emotional or physical shock of some kind and almost always strikes women. One thing is certain: Pati...

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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Strategy proposed for preventing diseases of aging 2Strategy proposed for preventing diseases of aging 3Strategy proposed for preventing diseases of aging 4Strategy proposed for preventing diseases of aging 5York University researchers use bird 'backpacks' to put wood thrushes migration on the map 2
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