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Tag: "large" at biology news

Chemists create 'Superbowl' molecule; May lead to better health

...a hydrogen molecule, a superbowl molecule can hold large molecules of up to a hundred atoms, particularly those of medicinal value, Sherburn says. "I'm sure that we will be able to encapsulate compounds such as [the anticancer drug] taxol in the near future," he says, but cautions that the superbowl molec...

Jump-starting T Cells In Skin Cancer

...ometimes causes tumor regression without expanding large numbers of vaccine-specific killer T cells. Pierr...ther hand, became detectable but did not expand to large numbers. Thus, reinvigoration of existing tumor-specific T cells after vaccination did not require l...

Molecular biology fills gaps in knowledge of bat evolution

...r results support the hypothesis that the group of large fruit-eating bats from the tropics, that fly mostly during the day - known to biologists as megabats - emerged from four major lineages of smaller and more widely dispersed, mostly insect-eating, night-flying bats, known as microbats. These microbats...

UCSB scientists probe sea floor venting to gain understanding of early life on Earth

...sea floor is created. Haymon is interested in the large region of cooling on the sides of the mid-ocean ri... –?studied "abyssal" underwater hills that cover a large geomorphic terrain on the ocean floor and are the most common landforms on the Earth. However, littl...

Source of molecular triggers in cutaneous T cell lymphoma identified

...Cell Lymphoma (CTCL) cells to clonally expand into large populations of malignant lymphocytes. CTCL is the most common adult malignancy of T lymphocytes, the white blood cells of the immune system. Finding CTCL triggering factors has been a major goal of Richard L. Edelson, M.D., Director of the Yale Canc...

University of Manchester makes made-to-measure skin and bones a reality using inkjet printers

...urrently faced by scientists whoare unable to grow large tissues and have limited control over theshape or size the tissue will grow to. It also allows more than onetype of cell to be printed at once, which opens up the possibility ofbeing able to create bone grafts."Using conventional methods, you are onl...

W.M. Keck Foundation funds study of friendly microbes

...s can be more rapidly and accurately classified. A large publicly accessible database will be established that provides detailed molecular information about the gut ecosystem for researchers. A second aspect of the project aims to directly identify the products of bacterial metabolism in the intestine. Th...

Growth in the sea comes down to a struggle for iron

...t always come out on top. In collaboration with a large Japanese research program, Wells and a team of sci...e University of Tokyo, the Hakuho Maru, carrying a large group of Japanese scientists. The Japanese project is known as SEEDS (Subarctic Pacific Iron Experim...

New binding target for oncogenic viral protein

...lishes this task by producing the highly oncogenic large T antigen. This protein corrupts the cellular checkpoint mechanisms that guard cell division and the transcription, replication and repair of DNA. T antigen also inactivates some of the most important proteins that protect cells against malignant tra...

Neuronal 'traffic jam' marks early Alzheimer's disease

...e obvious axonal defects," said Goldstein. "We saw large swellings in their axons. And when we looked at those swellings using electron microscopy and biochemical markers, they looked just like the axonal transport blockages we saw in fruit flies." Detailed studies of the neurons revealed what Goldstein te...

Termites feed through good vibrations

...brations of worker drywood termites as they fed on large and small wood blocks. Dr Evans then broadcast the recorded vibrations made by termites from the large blocks into small blocks and found that the termites switched their preference to the large blocks. ...

Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer

...s drug targets." The project also identified some large families of surface proteins that may help mediate the amoeba's ability to evade the human immune system. This could explain why the parasite can stay hidden in the body for years at a time. Such information may help researchers find better means to ...

Anti-bacterial additive widespread in U.S. waterways

...ntal fate was never thoroughly scrutinized despite large scaleproduction and usage for almost half a century, according to ananalysis conducted by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Schoolof Public Health. The chemical, triclocarban, has been widely used fordecades in hand soaps and other cleaning ...

Tiny particles could solve billion-dollar problem

...ny new scheme for TCE remediation has got to clean large volumes of water very quickly for a just a few pennies." Hughes, Wong and their collaborators hope to develop a device that would include a cylindrical pump containing a catalytic membrane of the gold-palladium nanoparticles. The device would be pla...

UW's Rosetta software to unlock secrets of many human proteins

... in the laboratory of UW Professor David Baker bya large team of scientists and students. Former post-doctoral fellowRichard Bonneau, who is now with the ISB, is the technical lead for theproject. Rosetta software is available for licensing at:http://depts.washington.edu/ventures/UW_Technology/Licensing/....

Plants, animals share molecular growth mechanisms

...th. The researchers previously had learned that a large protein complex, known as WAVE, activated ARP2/3, ...nd animal proteins," he said. "But DIS3 has a very large segment in the middle that is specific to plants. We'd like to know if this section is important and...

Researchers find how protein allows insects to detect and respond to pheromones

... in the laboratory of UW Professor David Baker bya large team of scientists and students. Former post-doctoral fellowRichard Bonneau, who is now with the ISB, is the technical lead for theproject. Rosetta software is available for licensing at:http://depts.washington.edu/ventures/UW_Technology/Licensing/....

Scientists detect probable genetic cause of some Parkinson's disease cases

...s pleased to have supported the collection of this large groupof families and sibling pairs, which is proving to be an invaluableresource for these studies," says Diane Murphy, Ph.D., a programdirector at NINDS. "Because the prevalence of this mutation is 5percent in families with a history of the disease ...

Computers to be used to find blueprint for new influenza drug

... few days. But some outbreaks can cause death on a large scale ?the world-wide outbreak in 1918 killed more people than the First World War itself. We may now be facing another flu outbreak, this time originating from chickens in Asia. “If we are successful, we will have taken important steps in finding a...

Transplantation Of Monkey Embryonic Stem Cells Reverses Parkinson Disease In Primates

...ryonic stem cells andresulted in the generation of large numbers of DA neurons. In theircurrent JCI study, Jun Takahashi and colleagues generated neurons frommonkey embryonic stem cells and exposed these cells to FGF20, a growthfactor that is produced exclusively in the area of the brain affectedby Parkins...

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(Date:4/24/2014)... --- New research shows that cells are more resilient ... thought. Even when missing critical components, cells can adapt ... way. , In a study published in this week,s ... Michigan State University showed that cells can grow normally ... , "Our genetic information is stored in DNA, which ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... is very pleased to announce that it has assumed ... from the University of Wisconsin. , The ... open-access, peer-reviewed journal that publishes papers on all aspects ... from the molecular to the ecological -- as well ... available to individuals and institutions, and it provides a ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... be improved with new insights into the make-up of ... the Amazon Basin have revealed unprecedented detail of the ... by comparing satellite maps with hundreds of field plots. ... more accurately the amount of carbon each tree can ... schemes, in which trees are given a cash value ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Cell resiliency surprises scientists 2ESA to publish the Journal of Insect Science 2Amazon rainforest survey could improve carbon offset schemes 2
(Date:4/24/2014)... more than 15 years ago, the PTEN gene has ... the onset and progression of numerous cancers. Consequently, when ... grow unchecked and cancer can develop. , Now a ... Center (BIDMC) helps explain more precisely how PTEN exerts ... can set cells on a cancerous course. The new ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... Benefits often coexist with the negative and stressful outcomes ... later diagnosed with a life-limiting illness, says a recent ... Waterloo. , While the challenges are numerous and life-changing ... who participated in the Waterloo-led research reported positive outcomes ... findings appear in the most recent issue of the ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... the Center for BrainHealth will bring together national ... brain-related challenges at its inaugural Brain Health Summit, ... Featured speakers will include Dr. Sandra Bond Chapman, ... BrainHealth, U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA), U.S. Representative ... Secretary for Policy and Early Learning, U.S. Department ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... of prescription opioid overdose deaths was outlined yesterday in ... leaders of agencies in the U.S. Department of Health ... care providers to expand their use of medications to ... a number of misperceptions that have limited access to ... medications can be used in combination with behavior therapies ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... one of 30 grants from the National Cancer Institute ... in its new National Clinical Trials Network ... investigators charged with distributing resources in a more effective ... reflects recommendations from a 2010 Institute of Medicine ... Faster design, launch, and completion of clinical ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Surprising new insights into the PTEN tumor suppressor gene 2Health News:Surprising new insights into the PTEN tumor suppressor gene 3Health News:Parents of severely ill children see benefits as caregivers, says study 2Health News:Inaugural Brain Health Summit focuses on brain resilience and regeneration 2Health News:HHS leaders call for expanded use of medications to combat opioid overdose epidemic 2Health News:HHS leaders call for expanded use of medications to combat opioid overdose epidemic 3Health News:HHS leaders call for expanded use of medications to combat opioid overdose epidemic 4Health News:Dartmouth awarded lead role in NCI clinical trials network 2Health News:Dartmouth awarded lead role in NCI clinical trials network 3
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