Tag: "language" at biology news
New findings challenge established views on human genome
...earchers still must learn how to read the manual’s language
so they can identify every part and understand how the parts work together to contribute to health and disease. In recent years, researchers have made major strides in using DNA sequence data to identify genes, which are traditionally defined as ...
Putting feelings into words produces therapeutic effects in the brain
...however, Lieberman said. “We typically think of language
processing in the left side of the brain; however, this effect was occurring only in this one region, on the right side of the brain,” he said. “It’s rare to see only one region of the brain responsive to a high-level process like labeling emotions.”...
Eavesdropping comes naturally to young song sparrows
...rt because it has a number of parallels with human language
learning, and Beecher thinks eavesdropping also co...ween a parent and an infant, but infants may learn language
in part by eavesdropping on conversations between their parents or a sibling, Beecher said. "Do...
A frown or a smile? Children with autism can't discern
...p what’s going on ?they miss the nuances, the body language
and facial expressions and sometimes miss the big picture and instead focus on minor, less socially relevant details,?Davies said. “That, in turn, affects interpersonal bonds.? ...
Left-right wiring determined by neural communication in the embryonic worm
... to pick up a pencil or throw a baseball, to where language
is generated in the brain, to the orientation of our internal organs, humans are a glut of asymmetries. Worms aren't so different: The roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans has nerves on its left and right sides that perform different functions. Like hand...
Uniform language for describing genes of pathogenic and beneficial microbes
... the presence of beneficial microbes. The unified language
under development in this effort is called The Gen...um has been working since 2000 to develop a common language
of terms that can be used to describe how individual genes function in diverse organisms. The PAMGO ...
Research finds music training 'tunes' human auditory system
...igher order brain structure associated with music, language
and other complex processing. These findings are in line with previous studies by Wong and his group suggesting that musical experience can improve one’s ability to learn tone languages in adulthood and level of musical experience plays a role in...
Insomnia drug can improve brain function
...otor tests such as finger tapping and walking, and language
tests such as spontaneous speech, word repetition, and object naming. They also conducted brain imaging studies to assess brain metabolism and cognitive activation using PET scans. All of these were conducted with both zolpidem and a placebo in a ran...
Vasectomy may put men at risk for type of dementia
...ne of her male patients connected the onset of his language
problem at age 43 to the period after his vasectom...er's. Whether a patient will get the behavioral or language
problems depends on where the disease causes the most destruction in the brain. In FTD, most of the...
Mummy's amazing American maize
...s arrived in the 15th century ?everything from the language
to the whole way of life," explained Professor Terry Brown, who headed the research in the Faculty of Life Sciences. "Maize is the staple food crop of the region but prior to colonisation it also had a ritual significance ?the indigenous people we...
Researchers discover genetic cause for word-finding disease
.... "Here is a disease that specifically attacks the language
part of the brain on the left side. What makes it so specific? How does the disease target the language
areas?" "This finding will help us explore not just what causes the disease but the uniquely iden...
Severe mental retardation gene mutation identified
... Some patients require total care and may not have language
ability. The condition runs in families and only affects the male offspring. So far only a few of these genes have been identified. Working through a large, international collaboration, the researchers collected genetic samples from 250 famili...
Ape gestures offer clues to the evolution of human communication
...zations, further supporting the evolution of human language
began with gestures as the gestural origin hypothesis of language
suggests. This study appears in the current issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Scie...
New fMRI technology making brain tumor surgery safer
...e,?Dr. McPherson said. “And to accurately identify language
areas in some cases we had to keep the patient awake. We also were forced to make a larger opening of the skull and expose more areas.? The need for electrical stimulation also can lengthen a surgical procedure by 30 to 60 minutes. While neurosu...
Older fathers more likely to have autistic children
... journals. Autism is characterized by social and language
abnormalities and repetitive patterns of behavior, according to background information in the article. Autism and related conditions, known collectively as autism spectrum disorders, have become increasingly common, affecting 50 in every 10,000 chil...
Mysterious 'neural noise' actually primes brain for peak performance
...the human cortex," says Pouget. "The way you learn language
must be essentially the same as the way a doctor reasons out a diagnosis, and right now our lab is pushing hard to find out exactly how that noise makes all these different aspects of being human possible." Pouget's work still has its skeptics, but...
Computer scientists unravel 'language of surgery'
...e project. "We can think of that structure as ‘the language
of surgery.' To develop mathematical models for th...h as suturing, a key first step in deciphering the language
of surgery. The lead author, Johns Hopkins graduate student Henry C. Lin, received the conference aw...
Slow brain waves play key role in coordinating complex activity
...ordinate activity. "If you are reading something, language
areas oscillate in theta frequency allowing high-gamma-related neural activity in individual neurons to transmit information," said Knight. "When you stop reading and begin to type, theta rhythms oscillate in motor structures, allowing you to plan an...
Mirrors in the mind: New studies elucidate how the brain reflects onto itself the actions of others
...o skills such as empathy, socialized behavior, and language
acquisition. The new findings contribute to our ...rstanding of how conceptually related instances of language
and action, and sound and action, are linked in the brain, and how the brain distinguishes actions p...
Reading Shakespeare has dramatic effect on human brain
...iversity of Liverpool has found that Shakespearean language
excites positive brain activity, adding further drama to the bard's plays and poetry. Shakespeare uses a linguistic technique known as functional shift that involves, for example using a noun to serve as a verb. Researchers found that this techniqu...
1 2 3