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Tag: "landmark" at biology news

HIV vaccine trial breaks ground for future research

...n preventing HIV infection, the trial represents a landmark in the fight against HIV and offers the scientific...diverse risk-level groups. They concluded that the landmark study will inform future studies, and an HIV vaccine will be found only through robust public and pr...

Scientists journey to southern Africa to unravel the secret world of elephant communication

...ans. In 1989, Payne and her colleagues conducted a landmark experiment at a waterhole in Etosha demonstrating that these powerful infrasonic rumbles contain specific messages that can be heard and understood by other elephants more than 2 miles away. Several years later, environmental scientist David Larom a...

Maine Researchers Find Exceptions to Old Rules of Genetic Inheritance

...r basis of these phenomena. This work represents a landmark study of the genetics of the t haplotype-it shows for the first time that different genes within the haplotype cause transmission ratio distortion and sterility." The research is published in the March 1 issue of the Proceedings of the National Acad...

South African Tribunal Asks For Damages Estimates in GSK AIDS Drug Case

A landmark South African legal complaint against British drug maker GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) over its AIDS drug pricing and policies in that country will proceed following an order late last week by South Africa's Competition Tribunal that will allow the complaint...

Measles Deaths Worldwide Drop By Nearly 40% Over Five Years

...ceived four life-saving interventions at once. The landmark campaign reached over 95% of the children under-five with vaccines to prevent measles and polio, mosquito nets to prevent malaria and de-worming tablets. Millions of children still remain at risk from measles. Malnourished and un-immunized children ...

Census of Marine Life explorers surprised by diversity, density of Arctic creatures

...en found thriving in the extreme cold, thanks to a landmark voyage during the brief polar summer aboard an Ame..., relatively unstirred for thousands of years, the landmark Census of Antarctic Marine Life (www.caml.aq) will explore Earth's other ice ocean ?literally a pola...

Neurologix announces positive results of gene therapy clinical trial in Parkinson's disease

...X) today announced positive interim results of its landmark gene therapy clinical trial for patients with Parkinson's disease. Neurologix's 12-patient, dose-escalating Phase I trial is the world's first study to use a viral vector (the non-pathogenic adeno-associated virus, or AAV) for the treatment of an ad...

North & South American researchers find architectural abnormalities in T. cruzi ribosome

...ome from a bacterium. He reported on the work in a landmark paper in 2000 in the journal Science. Other groups solved the structure of the small subunit as well. To date, however, no atomic-resolution image of eukaryotic ribosomes exists, and all images produced so far have been the result of Frank's electro...

PLoS Medicine publishes first trial of effect of male circumcision on HIV infection

...ision on HIV infection, which some experts call "a landmark trial," will be published in PLoS Medicine on October 25. The trial found that circumcision reduced the rate of new infections among heterosexual men in South Africa by about 60%. Because HIV infection rates are generally lower among African gro...

Chernobyl: The true scale of the accident

... late as 2004. The new numbers are presented in a landmark digest report, "Chernobyl's Legacy: Health, Environmental and Socio-Economic Impacts," just released by the Chernobyl Forum. The digest, based on a three-volume, 600-page report and incorporating the work of hundreds of scientists, economists and hea...

Membrane research opens window to benefits for plants, humans

.... The work taken together, Tajkhorshid said, is a landmark study in membrane channels. It addresses the mechanism of gating and regulation of plasma membrane proteins in full detail. "We could see how every single atom moves and how collective motions of a large number of atoms resulted in the opening of the...

Predators keep the world green, ecologists find

...n almost impossible to test until now. "Since the landmark paper by Hairston et al, ecologists have been debating whether herbivores are limited by plant defenses or by predators," wrote the authors. "The matter is trivially simple in principle, but in practice the challenge of experimentally creating predat...

Underdogs in the understory: Study suggests nature favors rarer trees

...y by favoring the growth of less common trees. The landmark study, conducted by 33 ecologists from 12 countries and published in the Jan. 27 issue of the journal Science, conclusively demonstrates that diversity matters and has ecological importance to tropical forests. Helene Muller-Landau, an assistant pro...

Guiding principles for facial transplantation unveiled

...econstructive Microsurgery (ASRM) today unveiled a landmark joint document, Facial Transplantation-ASPS/ASRM Guiding Principles, to assist plastic surgeons considering participation in facial transplantation procedures. "This is truly a remarkable and historic time in plastic surgery," said Bruce Cunningham,...

Researchers reverse juvenile diabetes in animal model

...Dr. Trucco and his team are able to continue their landmark research into improving the prediction of type 1 diabetes and understanding and managing its complications. Building on his discovery in 1994 that type 1 diabetes susceptibility may be genetic in nature and triggered by viruses, Dr. Trucco's discover...

Study suggests that publicly available genome data may contain small but significant errors

...ue in the target organism's genome and serves as a landmark in that genome. These probes can then be ordered in the correct sequence in which they occur in the target genome in much the same way as a mapmaker can locate landmarks at the correct coordinates by consulting a three-dimensional rendering of a geog...

Landmark discovery of a Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus receptor

...of cell entry of Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus is a landmark achievement in and of itself," says NIAID director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. "But the connection between the virus and expression of its own receptor on a cell is even more provocative because it might change the way we think about KSHV-associated disea...

Crucial site for endangered frogs and birds saved

...ón ProAves. "Not only is creation of the reserve a landmark for Colombian conservation, it is a fine example of international collaboration." In late December, Fundación ProAves learned of the impending sale of plots from the site for construction of vacation homes. It alerted the Alliance for Zero Extinctio...

Biodiversity key to sustainable biofuel according to University of Minn. researcher's findings

...n the early 1990s and began publishing a series of landmark papers in 1994. Biodiversity of global ecosystems has decreased as global population has increased because diverse ecosystems such as forests and prairies have been cleared to make way for agricultural fields planted with monocultures, buildings an...

Chimpanzees can transmit cultural behavior to multiple 'generations'

...ch institute, the Yerkes Research Center is making landmark discoveries in the fields of microbiology and immunology, neuroscience, psychobiology and sensory-motor systems. Research programs are seeking ways to: develop vaccines for AIDS and malaria; treat cocaine addiction; interpret brain activity through i...

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