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Tag: "kidney" at biology news

Bioartificial kidney under study at MCG

Whether a bioartificial kidney containing billions of donor kidney cells will help intensive care patients with kidney failure survive is under study at the Medical Co...

Potential Cure for Lymphoma in HIV patients

...loped cardiomyopathy (aweakening of the heart) and kidney failure due to treatment toxicitiesand died a few weeks after the transplant. Opportunistic infections,such as herpes zoster and cytomegalovirus infection, also occurred in afew patients after the transplant, but were managed with appropriatetherapy....

Deficiency of growth hormone and IGF-1 reduces cancer and kidney disease, but creates other problems

...ormone and similar compounds may reduce cancer and kidney disease late in life, but also may lead to cartila...cent to 31 percent. The same pattern occurred for kidney disease, which was found in 74 percent of the normal male animals at the time of their deaths. None ...

FDA Approves New Drug to Treat Type I and Type II Diabetes

... consequences of the disease, including blindness, kidney disease, and vascular disease. Symlin is to be used only in combination with insulin to help lower blood sugar during the 3 hours after meals. Symlin will have a Medication Guide (FDA-approved patient labeling) and a Risk Minimization Action Plan (R...

World-first Living Donor Islet Cell Transplant A Success; Procedure Offers Promise For Diabetics

...g donation has very established roots in liver and kidney transplantation there. "Living donor islet transplants could allow many more desperate patients with type 1 diabetes to get successful islet transplants," says Dr. Shapiro. "The donor operation is relatively safe, but is not entirely devoid of serio...

NASA links nanobacteria to kidney stones and other diseases

...ration (NASA) scientists as a potential culprit in kidney stone formation among astronauts. With the potenti...has been found in the calcium phosphate centers of kidney stones. This novel agent has also been detected in related conditions, including Alzheimer's disease...

Stem cells from brain transformed to produce insulin at Stanford

... group transplanted the cells into a cavity in the kidney where other types of insulin-producing cells have been found to survive. When the blood sugar went up in these mice, the cells once again released insulin. After four weeks the cells had survived, continued to produce insulin and had not changed into...

Test for early detection of prostate cancer shows promise

...ancer (six patients), colon cancer (two patients), kidney cancer (one patient), spinal cord injury (seven patients) and noncancerous prostate inflammation (two patients), and 16 healthy individuals. The study was conducted at the University of Pittsburgh while Getzenberg was a member of its faculty. The re...

Breakthrough isolating embryo-quality stem cells from blood

...h a centrifuge and back into their body, akin to a kidney dialysis machine, harvesting two or three hundred million primitive cells in the process. Various properties of these primitive cells have been used to try and isolate the 5% or so with the highest stem cell potential, but no single technology has p...

Precise Timing Enabled Pig-to-rat Transplants To Cure Diabetes

...nt of a different type of pig primordia, embryonic kidney tissue, if they are not given immune suppression d... didn't happen in the rats that rejected secondary kidney transplants. To Hammerman, this suggests that the pancreatic primordia may be effectively invisible...

Scientists analyze chromosomes 2 and 4

...olds the gene for Huntington's disease, polycystic kidney disease, a form of muscular dystrophy and a variety of other inherited disorders. Chromosome 2 is noteworthy for being the second largest human chromosome, trailing only chromosome 1 in size. It is also home to the gene with the longest known, protei...

Nanobacteria in clouds could spread disease, scientists claim

... in several serious diseases such as the formation kidney stones, heart disease, and HIV is also slowly being recognised by the scientific community. "Experiments have shown that nanobacteria are excreted from the body in urine and their dispersal from the ground into the atmosphere and stratosphere appear...

A probe, not an echo

... identify various anatomical structures within the kidney based on their distinctive attenuation characteris...lone and studied. "Preliminary results on a sheep kidney show exquisite anatomic and tissue detail," commented radiologist Ralls. ...

Hopkins AIDS experts issue warning about global efforts to provide drug therapies

...are the introduction of hemodialysis for end-stage kidney disease in the 1960s and allocation of livers for transplant in the 1980s and early 1990s. Like HIV infection, these conditions require expensive, lifelong follow up. Indeed, people who benefit most from hemodialysis are the ones who strictly follow...

Achilles heel of the herpes virus possibly found

...sible until Fuller's team discovered a type of pig kidney cell that isn't vulnerable to infection by human herpes virus. They searched the genome library to find genes essential to HSV infection, isolated the B5-coding sequence, and figured out how to get pig cells to express the human B5 protein to allow t...

Newly discovered genetic disease sheds light on body's water balance

...lasm to the apical membrane of the collecting duct kidney cells. This process increases water permeability and diminishes urine output from the kidneys. The group set out to prove that changing the amino acid at position 137, from arginine to either cysteine or leucine, caused the AVPR2 to produce a mutate...

Discoveries by UAB and Florida scientists may help transplanted organs survive longer

...deterioration. "One of the principal problems for kidney transplantation is organ availability," said Mark ...s in part because after several years, people with kidney transplants often lose function of the organ. With about 60,000 people on the waiting list for a tra...

Gifts from the sea

... disease, stroke, cancer, Alzheimer's disease, and kidney disease. Horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus): The horseshoe crab's compound eye and the (easily accessible) optic nerve that connects the eye to the brain are both relatively large, making this organism a great model for the study of vision. MBL sc...

Sandia completes depleted uranium study

...related risks include the possibility of temporary kidney damage and about a 1 percent chance of fatal cancer. Several earlier studies were carried out by the U.S. Department of Defense, by University Professors Fetter (University of Maryland) and von Hippel (Princeton), and by an Army sponsored team from ...

New type of rejection blocker protects kidneys after transplant

...ponses has proved as effective in preventing acute kidney transplant rejection as cyclosporine, the standard...locker called belatacept (LEA29Y), also had better kidney function and experienced less of the toxic side effects associated with standard anti-rejection drug...

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