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Tag: "keys" at biology news

Cells re-energize to come back from the brink of death

... to supply the cell with energy, but also hold the keys to the cells’ life and death. The process by which the membranes develop holes—mitochondrial outer membrane permeability (MOMP)—is often the “point of no return” for self-destruction, said Douglas Green, Ph.D., chair of the St. Jude Immunology ...

Treating HIV in war zones -- Public health emergencies need rapid advice from WHO

...s. "Our experience has shown us that one of the keys to successful provision of ART in conflict settings is preparation for disruption," say the authors. Some of the crucial contingency measures include: Providing patients with extra emergency drug supplies that can be taken in case of program ...

Technique monitors thousands of molecules simultaneously

...k. The nature and shape of molecules that serve as keys tells about the binding requirements of the receptor. Traditionally, probing a receptor this way has been done by making a library of molecules, treating it with the receptor, washing away any excess receptor that has not found a key, and then treati...

Corals that can fight global warming may one day help fragile reefs

...to fight them. But these complications can also be keys to coral reef survival. "A first line of defense is provided by surface microorganisms ?[that] produce antibiotics that can help corals fight pathogenic bacteria," reported Harvell. However, not all corals are able to produce such defenses under ...

Researchers first to map gene that regulates adult stem cell growth

...ole, it is possible that it also could provide the keys to new therapies. Van Zant describes his discovery as an elation. He worked on the project for six years with Ying Liang, a former graduate student who is now a postdoctoral fellow at UK. Van Zant said this research and publication of the journal a...

Seagrass ecosystems at a 'global crisis'

...ntal Science. "Seagrasses are just one of the many keys to maintaining healthy coastal ecosystems and their biodiversity." Seagrasses ?a unique group of flowering plants that have adapted to exist fully submersed in the sea ?profoundly influence the physical, chemical and biological environments of coa...

Learning during sleep?

...f I can't remember this morning where I put my car keys last night, it's due to my memory failing me again. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg have been investigating how memories might be consolidated. Their new study offers the hitherto strongest proof that new inf...

A new target for painkillers

... portions of Australia. RgIA and Vc1.1 fit like keys into lock-like alpha9alpha10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, which are found on nerve cells and are in the family of receptors activated by nicotine from cigarette smoking. Alpha9alpha10 nicotinic receptors are found in a variety of body tissue...

The first tree genome is published: Poplar holds promise as renewable bioenergy resource

...uning plants for biofuels production is one of the keys to making biofuels economically viable and cost-effective. This research, employing the latest genomic technologies, is an important step on the road to developing practical, biologically-based substitutes for gasoline and other fossil fuels." "Bi...

A giant among minnows: Giant danio can keep growing

...sts hope they can more easily identify the genetic keys to the difference in growth potential between them. According to co-author Peggy R. Biga, “I don’t think there will be a major genomic difference between them. I believe it will be easy to define the difference.? The study “Zebrafish and giant dani...

Gene discovery may shed light on kidney disease

...agille syndrome. "Ligands and receptors are like keys and locks," said Dr. Spinner. "If either one is defective, it may interfere with normal growth and development." Dr. Spinner's team previously determined that 94 percent of patients diagnosed with Alagille syndrome had mutations in the JAG1 gene. I...

Just the expectation of a mirthful laughter experience boosts endorphins 27 percent, HGH 87 percent

...xperiment, and three times afterward. "One of the keys in this kind of experiment is to set the baseline and control environment carefully," Berk said. "In this case, the control group basically sits in a 'neutral' room waiting to have their blood drawn, and on the tables there is a wide variety of magaz...

Thin tough skin, slow-growing gills protect larval Antarctic fish

...mished skin and slow developing gills appear to be keys to survival for newly hatched Antarctic notothenioids, a group of fish whose adults thrive in icy waters because of antifreeze proteins (AFPs) in their blood. Such adaptations are important, researchers at the University of Illinois atUrbana-Champai...

Effective, safe anthrax vaccine can be grown in tobacco plants

...nd vegetables such as carrots and tomatoes are the keys to figuring out a way for people to take anthrax vaccines orally in capsules of dried plant cells that contain correct doses of the protective antigen. If that research is successful, the needs for requiring doctors to administer the shots and for s...

Researchers know what you were about to say; fMRI used to detect memory storage and retrieval

...much like when you try remember where you put your keys last night," Polyn said. "If you recall that you ...ciated memories, leading you to remember that your keys are next to the sink. We refer to this phenomenon as 'bootstrapping.'" According to Polyn, this "...

Researchers discover stem cell 'guide' that may be key for targeting neural stem cell treatments

...June 24 issue of the journal Science. "One of the keys to developing promising new therapies for debilitating neurodegenerative diseases lies in our understanding of how new neurons are created and integrated into mature brain tissue," Zhou said. "This protein is an attractive drug target for either boos...

Survey reveals women and doctors aren't talking about HPV

...ne Shields, president & CEO, ARHP. "One of the keys to making prevention possible is broader education of both women and providers, focusing on informed, shared decision-making." Survey Methodology A survey, fielded by Greenberg, Quinlan, Rosner Research Inc., was conducted among 1,000 women between...

Bioelectronic ‘signatures?hold key to DNA mutations

...w-power, inexpensive and robust.?/p> Among the keys to unearthing the mysteries behind individual genetic variation and diseases like cancer are fine differences ?single nucleotide polymorphisms, or “SNPs??buried within the 3 billion chemical bases of DNA comprising the human genome. Not every SNP fou...

UCSB scientists probe sea floor venting to gain understanding of early life on Earth

New keys to understanding the evolution of life on Earth may be found in the microbes and minerals vented from below the ocean floor, say scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara. The UCSB scientists are making new contributions to this fiel...

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