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Tag: "injuries" at biology news

Gene therapy converts dead bone graft to new, living tissue

...d to eventually aid people with various cancers or injuries whose treatment involves the replacement of large sections of bone. Cancers such as osteosarcoma, one of the most common types of bone cancers, or tumors that occur adjacent to bones, often must be treated by removing the diseased section of bone and...

First real-time view of developing neurons reveals surprises, say Stanford researchers

...ns forming. What's more, any cure for spinal cord injuries will require new neurons to form the appropriate connections. ...

Brain-injury rehabilitation depends on acetylcholine circuitry

...d help enhance rehabilitation to recover from such injuries by leading to the development of drugs or other treatments to enhance the "cholinergic system." The researchers said that their finding that the cholinergic system is involved in brain recovery is particularly intriguing in light of the fact that de...

Double triumph in stem cell quest

..., with a variety of conditions ranging from spinal injuries to an inherited immune condition. The work proves that matching ESCs can be derived via therapeutic cloning from donors of any age and sex. "This is an enormous stride in the long journey to determine whether nuclear-transfer-derived human embryonic...

Doctors closer to using gene analysis to help trauma patients

...y of patients who experience severe trauma or burn injuries actually do well,?said Lyle Moldawer, a surgery pr... at Washington University in St. Louis. Traumatic injuries claim hundreds of thousands of lives each year in the United States. In addition, millions of patien...

Brain May Be Less Plastic Than Hoped

...In children, the brain's ability to compensate for injuries is well known. Children with severe epilepsy who l...udying brain reorganization is difficult. Cortical injuries are not happening in a controlled fashion, and resulting data consequently are difficult to interpre...

Gene keeps neural cells on correct developmental path

...earch aimed at understanding repairing spinal cord injuries or replacing malfunctioning brain cells in neurodegenerative diseases. It may also provide insights into other diseases, such as small cell lung cancer, which mistakenly make neuronal proteins, or neurological syndromes, where neuronal proteins produ...

Fox Chase study shows that weakened T-cell receptor signals change T-cell lineage

... mice unable to make delta-gamma T cells heal skin injuries more slowly. "Immune surveillance, the body mechanism that detects potential cancers and destroys them before their presence is evident to us, may be one function of the delta-gamma lineage, since gamma-delta T cells appear to be particularly adept ...

Stem cell treatment improves mobility after spinal cord injury

... using human embryonic stem cells to treat chronic injuries and other disorders of the central nervous system. In previous studies, Keirstead and colleagues identified how the body's immune system attacks and destroys myelin during spinal cord injury or disease states. They also have shown that when treated ...

New method shows it is possible to grow bone for grafts within a patient's body

...d to fuse spinal vertebrae to treat serious spinal injuries and back pain. Although this works well at the repair site, the removal operation is extremely painful and can produce serious complications. If the new method is confirmed in clinical studies, it will become possible to grow new bone for all types o...

Modified collagen could yield important medical applications

...d collagen can give us great new tool for treating injuries and illnesses." ...

Unusual antibiotics show promise against deadly 'superbugs'

...d collagen can give us great new tool for treating injuries and illnesses." ...

Can't serve an ace? Could be muscle fatigue

Fatigue could reduce skills and cause injuries and muscle weakness during sport because the brain does not consider the extra effort required for movement, Monash University researchers have found. Professor Uwe Proske, from Monash's Department of Physiology, found when muscles were weakened fro...

3D Atlas Will Help Navigate The Spinal Cord

...n 2003 and was impressed with their work in spinal injuries research. Professor Paxinos is a world leader in the preparation of brain atlases, being the author of atlases of human, monkey, rat and mouse brains used world-wide by neuroscientists in all areas. As a geographic map to a traveller, a map of the s...

Researchers make 'embryonic-like' stem cells from umbilical cord blood

...ment of treatments for life-threatening illnesses, injuries and disabilities. The discovery made during a project undertaken with experts from the University of Texas Medical Branch and the Synthecon Corporation in the United States provides medical researchers and physicians with an ethical and reliable sour...

Insight into the processes of 'positive' and 'negative' learners

...ment of treatments for life-threatening illnesses, injuries and disabilities. The discovery made during a project undertaken with experts from the University of Texas Medical Branch and the Synthecon Corporation in the United States provides medical researchers and physicians with an ethical and reliable sour...

Researchers propose measures to curb lion attacks in Tanzania

...ment of treatments for life-threatening illnesses, injuries and disabilities. The discovery made during a project undertaken with experts from the University of Texas Medical Branch and the Synthecon Corporation in the United States provides medical researchers and physicians with an ethical and reliable sour...

Gradient guides nerve growth down spinal cord

...evolutionize treatment of patients with paralyzing injuries to these nerves," Zou suggests. "Although half the battle is acquiring the right cells to repair the nervous system," he said, "the other half is guiding them to their targets where they can make the right connections." "Understanding how the brain...

Chernobyl: The true scale of the accident

...ormer Soviet Union, due to cardiovascular disease, injuries and poisoning, and not radiation-related illness. How have governments responded? The resettlement and rehabilitation programs launched in Soviet conditions proved unsustainable after 1991 and funding for projects declined, leaving many projects un...

Scientists use stem cells to grow cartilage

...grow cartilage for transplantation for a number of injuries and medical problems, including sports injuries, new cartilage for people having hip replacements, and even for cosmetic surgery. Dr Archana Vats, from Imperial College London and first author of the paper, said: "The ability to grow cartilage using...

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