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Tag: "influenza" at biology news

Pregnant mom's exposure to flu vaccine kick-starts fetal immune system

...e responses following maternal vaccination against influenza with Fluzone during pregnancy. The vaccination of pregnant women against influenza is considered safe and is recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The authors...

Restricting hospital-based services during SARS outbreak had modest impact

...the number of additional admissions expected in an influenza pandemic in Toronto. In a related Public Health commentary, Dr. Richard Schabas examines Canada’s new Quarantine Act and argues that it would be useful in only very limited circumstances....

Experts predict Tamiflu could halve the pandemic influenza death toll versus no intervention

...trategies for reducing illness and death during an influenza pandemic. According to modelling research presente...tely half. This study was announced at the leading influenza conference, Options for the Control of Influenza VI, in Toronto.1 The reality is that country stoc...

Treating HIV in war zones -- Public health emergencies need rapid advice from WHO

...r to advise countries that were dealing with avian influenza A (H5N1) infection. Typically, the most rigorous clinical practice guidelines take two years or more to develop. The laborious process involves convening experts who search for and appraise all the relevant research literature, and who meet seve...

Avian influenza survivors' antibodies effective at neutralising H5N1 strain

...d from the potentially deadly H5N1 strain of avian influenza may hold the key to future treatments for the viru... the virus in culture vitro and in mice. The H5N1 influenza virus has caused disease and death in millions of poultry across the globe and occasionally has been...

Peramivir protects mice from lethal H5N1 infection

...nificant protection during a pandemic of the avian influenza virus H5N1, according to results of mouse studies ...eramivir, an antiviral drug, blocks the ability of influenza viruses to use an enzyme called neuraminidase, thus preventing the release of new virus particles an...

US control strategies may make flu epidemics worse, UCLA study shows

...es ?that is, the yearly vaccine coverage level and influenza prevalence, where prevalence is defined as the pro...and previously overlooked causal factor in driving influenza epidemiology. "Including cognitive and personality factors into epidemic models can dramatically...

WHO data confirms low level of resistance to Tamiflu

...ency of resistance to Tamiflu (oseltamivir) over 3 influenza seasons (2003 ?2006)1. The information, publis...of around 0.3% to oseltamivir was seen during the influenza seasons in which there had been substantial Tamiflu use in Japan (35 million patients), the highest...

New host species for avian influenza identified

...and colleagues identify new host species for avian influenza A virus (H5N1) and provide important information o..., and temporal and geographical variation of avian influenza in wild migratory birds in Europe. Seven previously unknown host species for H5N1 were identified, i...

NIAID expands capability for influenza research and surveillance

...nce. Collectively, the centers will expand NIAID’s influenza surveillance program internationally and in the United States, and will bolster influenza research in key areas, including understanding how the virus causes disease and how the human immune...

Rapid response was crucial to containing the 1918 flu pandemic

... the persistent riddles of the deadly 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic is why it struck different cities with va...t papers suggest that a primary lesson of the 1918 influenza pandemic is that it is critical to intervene early,?says Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of NIH’s N...

UCI scientists reconstruct migration of avian flu virus

... analysis detailing the geographic distribution of influenza A H5N1, the bird flu strain. While previous work informally identified H5N1 strains by location, the UCI analysis is the first to systematically track the migration of H5N1 through its evolutionary history, adding new details that identify the relati...

Study suggests some drug resistance to influenza B medications

... of certain common antiviral drugs during a recent influenza B epidemic in Japan showed the development of viru...raminidase inhibitors, have been effective against influenza and are used extensively. There has been documented evidence of the emergence of oseltamivir-resista...

Changes in amino acids in the 1918 influenza virus cut transmission

...milar to that of 1918, which was caused by a novel influenza subtype virus capable of causing severe respirator...utinin, a protein located in of the surface of the influenza virus, and sialic acid, a cellular molecule that is recognized by hemaglutinins of both human and av...

New details on how the immune system recognizes influenza

...e most comprehensive analysis to date of published influenza A virus epitopes--the critical sites on the virus ...mune-based therapies against seasonal and pandemic influenza because it reveals in molecular detail exactly where the immune system focuses on the viruses. Altho...

LIAI completes world's most comprehensive analysis on influenza virus data

...nd study analyzing all published data worldwide on influenza A virus antibody and T cell epitopes. Antibody an...s and therapies against both seasonal and pandemic influenza strains, including the deadly H5N1 avian flu. "This study shows what is currently known about inf...

NIAID DNA vaccine for H5N1 avian influenza enters human trial

...al of a DNA vaccine designed to prevent H5N1 avian influenza infection began on December 21, 2006, when the vac... does not contain any infectious material from the influenza virus. Unlike conventional flu vaccines, which are developed by growing the influenza virus in hen...

Fighting influenza & co. with 40,000 blood samples

...cause of its extreme virulence. The patho-gen, the influenza virus subtype A/H1N1, homed in on women and men in the prime of their lives. 'Normally respiratory diseases are dangerous for children and the over-60s,' the project coordinator Dr. Oliver Schildgen explains. 'What's more, in the case of the elderly ...

New study may show how to forestall a fatal, virus-caused immune-system meltdown

...a, Marburg and Lassa fever viruses, as well as the influenza virus strain responsible for the 1918 flu pandemic ?the immune system itself actually becomes the most dangerous element of the disease. All too often, a sudden immune overreaction sends the infected person into a shock-like state from which he or sh...

New research shows that flu is a trigger of heart attacks

...eople who are at risk of heart disease receive the influenza vaccine every autumn, according to the authors of ... European Heart Journal. Their research shows that influenza epidemics are associated with a rise in deaths from heart disease and that flu can actually trigger ...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... Winsor Lowe, interim director of the University of Montana,s ... in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ... network. , ... the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Washington, the Cary ... U.S. Forest Service Northern Research Station examined 664 water samples ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the ... week report that they have discovered a new genus ... the Negro River in the Amazonia State of Brazil. ... Adlia Nogueira and Jos Antnio Alves-Gomes of INPA, describe ... the journal Proceedings of the Natural Sciences of ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... Mass. Analyzing thousands of breeding bird surveys sent ... and Canada over 35 years, wildlife researchers report that ... either northward or toward higher elevation in response to ... This means that most previous studies of potential climate ... factor or the other have likely underestimated the effects ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New research focuses on streamwater chemistry, landscape variation 2New electric fish genus and species discovered in Brazil's Rio Negro 2Wildlife response to climate change is likely underestimated, experts warn 2
(Date:4/22/2014)... German . , ... their mode of action is complex: In low concentrations ... while at high concentrations they can cause "oxidative stress", ... redox signaling unfolds in single cells and organelles in ... jointly by the teams of LMU Professor Martin Kerschensteiner ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... nanodot technology, Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated the ... used to study the membranes of living cells. ... structures can reveal information critical to whether a ... cancerous, that can,t be obtained through conventional microscopy. ... provide a physical means to both probe and ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... -- In parallel with modern man ( Homo sapiens ), ... we lived side by side, such as Neanderthals and the ... sapiens survived. What was it in our genetic makeup ... little is known about our unique genetic makeup as distinguished ... fact that we are the only species among them ,to ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... may throw tantrums like toddlers, but their total ... say, a gerbil or fox squirrel, according to ... and birds ranging from orangutans to zebra finches. ... Yale and more than two-dozen other research institutions ... evolution of self-control, defined in the study as ...
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