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Tag: "infants" at biology news

Poor prenatal nutrition permanently damages function of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas

...lin Diabetes Center have discovered one reason why infants with low birth weight have a high potential of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. In studies of mice, the researchers found that poor prenatal nutrition impairs the pancreas's ability to later secrete enough insulin in response to blood glucos...

Newly discovered virus linked to childhood lung disorders and Kawasaki disease

...responsible for many respiratory tractillnesses in infants and children, and may be associated with animportant multi-organ disease whose cause has remained a mystery fordecades, according to articles in the Feb. 15 issue of The Journal ofInfectious Diseases, now available online. The virus is one of thenume...

UCSD team discovers specialized, rare heart stem cells in newborns

...art, they might serve as biological pacemakers for infants born with heart block, which could also be valuable." After the isl1+ cells were found in newborn rats, the UCSD team used sophisticated genetic methods to tag the progenitor cells in living embryonic tissue and in the newborn heart of mice. With th...

Potential treatments for neurofibromatosis

...rd. However, a rare form of the disease occurs in infants and young children, with tumors growing on major nerves, such as the sciatic nerve that connects the spinal cord with the leg and foot muscles. The tumors can interfere with the function of the brain and other organs, or prevent patients from walking...

Infants With Rare Genetic Disease Saved by Cord Blood Stem Cells

...hout an immediate transplant of stem cells, Krabbe infants rapidly begin to lose all cognitive and motor func...c newborns (ages 12 to 44 days) and 14 symptomatic infants (ages 142 days to a year) were treated with unrelated donor umbilical cord blood. Cells from the don...

Friendly bacteria in humans may protect against HIV

...spread of HIV, says Tao. "This method can protect infants against HIV in breast milk and women against HIV u...interested because the beneficiary populations are infants and women in poor countries," says Tao. He is currently seeking sponsorship from charities or philan...

Cellular Defects in Premature Aging Disease are Reversible

...million children. While appearing normal at birth, infants with HGPS age rapidly after their first 18 months, and physical symptoms include stunted growth, loss of hair and body fat, joint stiffness, osteoporosis, and heart problems. The condition is fatal, with heart disease being the leading killer, and af...

Infants with Rare Genetic Disease Saved By Cord Blood Stem Cells

...hout an immediate transplant of stem cells, Krabbe infants rapidly begin to lose all cognitive and motor func...c newborns (ages 12 to 44 days) and 14 symptomatic infants (ages 142 days to a year) were treated with unrelated donor umbilical cord blood. Cells from the don...

AIDS Public Awareness Campaign Expands Following Report Of Rapidly Progressive HIV

...ved from a recent State Health Department study of infants born between 1997 and 2002. In addition, New York has the largest AIDS Drug Assistance Program in the nation, which ensures that all HIV infected persons have access to the most medically advanced and effective medications that help prolong and impro...

Alcohol consumption disrupts breastfeeding hormones

...tfeeding. Subjects were 17 women who were nursing infants between 2 and 4 months of age. While in a controll...ect on breastfeeding. Those studies indicated that infants ingest less milk at the breast in the hours following maternal alcohol consumption, in part due to d...

Asymptomatic HIV babies could use earlier treatment

...en’s Hospital. Researchers found that HIV-infected infants treated with one or two antiretroviral drugs withi... to develop AIDS by their third birthday than were infants who were 3 or 4 months old when treatment was initiated. Infants who received a combination of three...

Major new UNC-based drinking water study suggests pregnancy fears may be overstated

...t trihalomethanes harmed women or their developing infants and as a result differed significantly from the Northern California research, Savitz said. The new work did suggest that brominated compounds and total organic halides at normal-range levels in purified drinking water might modestly increase the risk...

Antiretroviral Therapy May Prevent HIV Transmission From Breastfeeding Mothers To Infants

...tiretroviral medications on to their breastfeeding infants in concentrations high enough to prevent infection...ks prior to the start of the study, and all of the infants received a single dose of nevirapine and continuous zidovudine therapy after birth. At either two o...

Newly discovered genetic disease sheds light on body's water balance

...ases," the UCSF researchers write. While only two infants so far have been identified with NSIAD, the condit...ing fluid intake," he said. "We can't do that with infants -- almost all of their nutrition comes in liquid form." The physicians were reluctant to use other ...

OHSU research shows vitamin C counteracts some negative impacts of smoking on unborn babies

... However, previous research has clearly shown that infants born to smoking mothers often suffer from reduced lung air flow. To conduct this research, scientists studied a small group of infant monkeys born to mothers who received regular doses of nicotine -- doses comparable to those of a smoking human moth...

Opiates Better Than Sedatives For Treating Newborns In Withdrawal

... themselves are superior to sedatives for treating infants born to women who used heroin or methadone while p..., and colleagues. The researchers also found that infants treated with opiates regained birth weight more quickly than those who only received supportive care...

Researchers discover new route to hemoglobin synthesis

... themselves are superior to sedatives for treating infants born to women who used heroin or methadone while p..., and colleagues. The researchers also found that infants treated with opiates regained birth weight more quickly than those who only received supportive care...

Hospitalizations because of chicken pox down dramatically since implementation of vaccine

...n all age groups, with the greatest declines among infants younger than 1 year. Total estimated direct medical expenditures for chicken pox hospitalizations and ambulatory visits declined by 74 percent, from an average of $84.9 million in 1994 and 1995 to $22.1 million in 2002. "The data in our study demons...

Monkeys understand numbers across senses

...istent with previous studies that both animals and infants tend to look preferentially at a visual stimulus t...n of numerical values by nonhuman animals or human infants was tied to the sense used to perceive the number. To resolve the question, said Brannon, the resear...

UCLA researchers identify key enzyme linked to childhood blindness

...UCLA have discovered that RPE65, a gene missing in infants born with the blinding disease Leber congenital amaurosis, is also a key enzyme in the visual cycle. The identity of this enzyme has long been a mystery to scientists. The study, "Rpe65 is the Retinoid Isomerase in Bovine Retinal Pigment Epithelium,...

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