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Tag: "infant" at biology news

Researchers reveal structure of protein altered in autism

...d maintenance occurs early in development when the infant brain is still plastic and formative. Therefore, by understanding the structural mutations that affect neurotransmission during development, new leads into drug therapies may emerge. “We really don’t know what causes autism, but this research r...

Genome of Clostridium botulinum reveals the background to world's deadliest toxin

..., via contaminated food or open wounds, leading to infant botulism or wound botulism, both of which are serious human infections. The host can be quickly overpowered and, in some cases, killed by the toxin, and C. botulinum has a new food source. "Although in the same group as Clostridium difficile — th...

HIV and malaria combine to adversely affect pregnant women and their infants

...imated 400,000 cases of severe anaemia and 200,000 infant deaths each year. With the recent realization that HIV further aggravates pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM) there is an urgent need to understand these diseases during pregnancy and turn this knowledge into effective therapies. Until now the mec...

Resistant HIV quickly hides in infants' cells

...stant virus will likely never be cleared from that infant with currently available treatments. However, it is important to point out that because PIs are the first-line drugs used to treat HIV infection in infants in the United States, PI-containing treatment was still effective in controlling the NNRTI-re...

UQ research heralds vaccine technology breakthrough

...ry syncytial virus (RSV) infection is a widespread infant illness that has been linked to asthma and can be deadly but may be curable by the development of this new vaccine technology by the Sir Albert Sakzewski Virus Research Centre and The University of Queensland's Faculty of Biological and Chemical Scie...

Female-led infanticide in wild chimpanzees

...in the killing and cannibalization of at least two infant offspring of other females. In the absence of significant additional evidence for such behavior among female chimpanzees, speculation had been that female-led infanticide represented pathological behavior, or was a means of obtaining nutritional adva...

Study shows dramatic increase in Caesarean sections

... associated with an increased risk of maternal and infant death and health complications. "These data illustrate how a medical intervention that is effective when applied to an appropriately selected case can have significant adverse effects when applied to a low risk population. "Caesareans are not ...

Pitt study notes decline in male births in the US and Japan

...surprising since the black-white ratio in terms of infant mortality has remained the same for almost 100 years,?said Lovell A. Jones, Ph.D., study co-investigator and professor and director, Center for Research on Minority Health, department of health disparities research, University of Texas M.D. Anderson ...

Scientists perform 'tricky' operation

...h T. vaginalis associates with pre-term birth, low infant birth weight and some cervical cancers. "Alarmingly, trichomoniasis is not considered a notifiable disease." Routine gynaecological check-ups do not test for this particular STI and the infection does not require public health notification. ...

Experimental vaccine given during pregnancy reduces stillbirths from common virus

...ssing or sharing eating utensils. For example, an infant in daycare could give the virus to her pregnant mother by kissing her on the lips, said Dr. Schleiss. The virus can enter through mucosal surfaces such as the mouth or breaks in the skin. It can also be transmitted through nasal secretions, blood t...

Vitamin D deficiency widespread during pregnancy

...status during pregnancy is a major risk factor for infant rickets, which again is becoming a major health problem." For their study, Dr. Bodnar and her colleagues evaluated data that was collected on 200 black women and 200 white women who were randomly selected from more than 2,200 women enrolled in the...

Music genes and musical geniuses

...of children to understand the musical mind. Why do infant prodigies exist? Why haven’t we all become one? Are there any types of music that are objectively better suited to be more appreciated than others? And especially what is the purpose of music? These and other questions will be addressed by geneticist...

A potential biological cause for sudden infant death syndrome

...ata provide the strongest evidence yet that sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is not a "mystery" disease but has a concrete biological basis. In the November 1 issue of JAMA, researchers at Children's Hospital Boston document abnormalities in the brainstem ?a part of the brain that regulates breathing, bl...

Low levels of neurotransmitter serotonin may perpetuate child abuse across generations

...and the first to show a link between serotonin and infant abuse in primates. Other research using rats as a...s in adulthood. In earlier research on abuse of infant monkeys, Maestripieri and his colleagues studied females that were switched at birth between abusive...

New study: Preterm birth causes one-third of all infant deaths

...h was the underlying cause of nearly twice as many infant deaths than previously estimated, according to a n...s gestation, contributed to more than one-third of infant deaths within the first year of life. "We have long known that babies born too soon face many chal...

Genetic surprise confirms neglected 70-year-old evolutionary hypothesis

...volutionary geneticist, studied fruit flies in the infant days of genetic research in 1930. He mapped out how it might be possible for sections of chromosomes to relocate themselves in a genome. Those mobile sections can cause sterility in inter-species hybrids, which can act as a speciation pressure. In t...

Temperament linked to onset of cancer and early death in female rats

...cholars found. "This is the first evidence that infant temperament among rats predicts the time at which these tumors appear and the age at which the females will die," said lead author Sonia Cavigelli, a former University researcher who is now Assistant Professor in Biobehavioral Health Pennsylvania Sta...

Unique soybean lines hold promise for producing allergy-free soybeans

...dren are allergic to soy-based products, including infant formulas, while 2 percent of adults have had allergic reactions, which range from harmless skin reactions and gastrointestinal irritation to more serious facial swelling, shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing and fainting. Avoiding soy products...

US infant mortality rate fails to improve

...died before their first birthday, according to new infant mortality statistics for 2003 released by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The infant mortality rates showed no significant improvement in 2003 after increasing in 2002 for the first tim...

Airborne mold spores increase kids' risk for multiple allergies

...ins Osborne. "But very little is known about how infant allergies to environmental allergens develop," she adds, "and more research is needed before we will fully understand the impact of fungi as an allergen in infants." If mold is found in the home, the UC team recommends following the Environmental Pr...

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