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FDA sees nanotech challenges in every product category it regulates

...f nano raw materials, intermediate components, and industrial equipment items currently used by manufacturers.” “In light of this fast-rising commercialization, FDA needs to make certain that it has the tools, resources and information necessary to ensure the safety of novel products before they enter the mark...

Cigarette smoke alters DNA in sperm, genetic damage could pass to offspring

...ge from radiation, mutagenic chemicals and intense industrial air particulate pollution. While the researchers did not specifically study the protein-coding regions of DNA where genes reside, Yauk notes that previous studies correlate mutations in non-coding regions with those in coding regions, and that some r...

Dirty snow may warm Arctic as much as greenhouse gases

...p regulations to mitigate global warming. Limiting industrial soot emissions and switching to cleaner-burning fuels would leave snow brighter, he says. New snow falls each year, and if it contained fewer impurities, the ground would brighten and temperatures would cool. Carbon dioxide lives in the atmosphere fo...

Plastic that grows on trees

...root source for plastic, fuels and scores of other industrial and household chemicals with inexpensive, nonpolluting renewable plant matter. Scientists took a giant step closer to the biorefinery this week, reporting in the June 15 issue of the journal Science that they have directly converted sugars ubiquit...

Weizmann Institute scientists develop a general 'control switch' for protein activity

... ripening. Moreover, numerous proteins are used in industrial processes, as biological sensors and in other applications. The possibility of controlling these applications – strengthening or slowing the rate of protein activity in an immediate and reversible manner – can be of great value....

Scientists close in on missing carbon sink

...rtially offsetting carbon entering the air through industrial emissions and deforestation. The Science article,...rstanding of how trees and other plants respond to industrial emissions of carbon dioxide, which is a critical problem in global warming," Stephens says. "This wi...

Scientists discover 5 new species of sea slugs from the Tropical Eastern Pacific

... which is particularly important because promising industrial and medicinal products have been isolated from known species. New species may provide cures for diseases that are currently untreatable. Working from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute’s Research Vessel, the Urraca, in Panama’s Gulf of Ch...

Decoding protein structures helps illuminate cause of diabetes

...ical technique, widely available in university and industrial research laboratories around the world."...

A new portable biosensor detects traces of contaminants in food more quickly and cheaply

...d by means of a process that can be extended on an industrial scale to allow the manufacture of large quantities at a very low cost, and may even be made for personal, disposable use . The chemical mechanism to detect contaminants in a sample is very similar to that used by the immune system to identify a v...

Genome sequencing reveals key to viable ethanol production

...s into ethanol in one step, but is not used at the industrial scale yet because the first step, breaking down the plant’s cellulose, is much too inefficient. The key, Wu surmised, is to find out what enzymes the bacterium uses to accomplish its feat, and then boost its ability to produce those enzymes. The prob...

New success in engineering plant oils

...eered oils could be used to produce feedstocks for industrial processes in place of those currently obtained fro...produce saturated oils as renewable feedstocks for industrial processes. Such renewable resources could help reduce dependence on petroleum. Conversely, method...

Woman's Day and For Womens of Science

...o as a result of the increasing use of mercury and industrial emissions. The uncontrolled use of mercury in small-scale gold mining is contaminating thousands of sites around the world, posing long-term health risks to an estimated 50 million inhabitants of mining regions. These activities alone contribute mo...

Mercury contamination of fish warrants worldwide public warning

...o as a result of the increasing use of mercury and industrial emissions. The uncontrolled use of mercury in small-scale gold mining is contaminating thousands of sites around the world, posing long-term health risks to an estimated 50 million inhabitants of mining regions. These activities alone contribute mo...

Soft-cell approach cuts animal tests

...ry-based research, education and testing. Many industrial and environmental air pollutants are already known...ir in vitro technique for: formaldehyde, an industrial contaminant linked to human cancer; nitrogen dioxide, a lung irritant that causes inflammation,...

What's in the water? Estrogenic activity documented in fish caught in Pittsburgh's rivers

...tracts of fish caught in areas heavily polluted by industrial and municipal wastes resulted in the greatest amou...eir prey, which may include toxic metals, farm and industrial runoff and wastes from aging municipal sewer systems," said Conrad D. Volz, Dr.P.H., M.P.H., princip...

Scientists discover new virus caused deaths of transplant recipients from single donor

...zed the importance of academic, public health, and industrial partnership in this work. "This was a team effort. Drs. Mike Catton and Julian Druce at the Victorian Infectious Disease Reference Laboratory reached out to us after a comprehensive state-of-the-art investigation failed to turn up leads," stated Dr. ...

Natural polyester makes new sutures stronger, safer

...enes between different bacteria, hoping to achieve industrial production of desirable natural compounds synthesi...tified, they could be transferred into a strain of industrial E. coli that can produce large quantities of the strong, flexible polymer. The FDA cleared the bi...

Lower carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fueled power plants possible with technology development

...earch Campus. Rochelle is an expert on reducing industrial emissions. For these studies, he will draw upon two decades of experience developing and testing similar technology to remove hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide from natural gas. Rochelle will share one third of the TXU funds with other colleagu...

Light wine intake is associated with longer life expectancy in men

... 40 years. The participants, all from Zutphen, an industrial town in the eastern part of the Netherlands, were followed until death or until the final survey taken among survivors in mid-2000. The surveys included drinking habits, dietary habits, body mass index, smoking habits and the prevalence of heart att...

NHGRI aims to make DNA sequencing faster, more cost effective

...and Nanopore Arrays" This group along with their industrial partner LingVitae AS, will continue to implement a novel approach previously funded through this program in which a nanopore is used to simultaneously detect electrical and fluorescent signals from many nanopores at one time. A novel sequencing instr...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... NY, April 17, 2014The development of stem cell therapies ... ability to characterize stem cell populations based on cell ... discovered a new marker that is highly expressed in ... cord blood, which they describe in an article in ... Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... anthrax detection cartridge developed at Sandia National Laboratories and ... easier, faster and cheaper. , Bacillus anthracis ... in soils all over the world and can cause ... animals. The bacteria can survive in harsh conditions for ... may occur through skin contact, inhalation of spores or ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... produce hydrogen sulfide in order to properly multiply and ... the Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology at the Herman ... Shi, principal investigator on the project, said the presence ... flow of calcium ions. The essential ions activate a ... the creation of new bone tissue, and keeps the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Pocket-sized anthrax detector aids global agriculture 2Pocket-sized anthrax detector aids global agriculture 3
(Date:4/17/2014)... IL, April 17, 2014-- Colic affects about one in ... for numerous pediatric visits during the first several months ... colic symptoms was showing promise; however, the April 1, ... (BMJ2014;348:g2107; Sung, Valerie) reported on a study, "Probiotics and ... L reuteri for infant colic did ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have ... consumption in an experimental model. The findings, reported ... Alcohol Abuse , may lead to more effective ... is one of the leading causes of illness ... negative economic impact by limiting the productivity of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... (SACRAMENTO, Calif.) An international team led by researchers ... protein complex, which plays a key role in cell ... process. This is the first time the complex has ... could make cyclin B1/Cdk1 an excellent target to control ... medicine. The research was published online today in the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... An international research team led by Cesar A. Arias, ... Center at Houston (UTHealth) has identified a new superbug ... The report appeared in the April 17 issue of ... The new superbug is part of a class of ... or MRSA, which is a major cause of hospital ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... to find a colored ribbon representing a disease. A pink ... color ribbon does one think of with lung cancer?, Although ... suffering from the disease, black may be the only one ... lung cancer patients, primarily smokers between the ages of 51 ... stigma often felt by these patients, the emotional toll it ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:New study says probiotic use for infant colic is not effective in reducing symptoms 2Health News:BUSM researchers find anti-seizure drug may reduce alcohol consumption 2Health News:Dual role: Key cell division proteins also power up mitochondria 2Health News:New MRSA superbug emerges in Brazil 2Health News:Unraveling the 'black ribbon' around lung cancer 2
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