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Tag: "induce" at biology news

Source of molecular triggers in cutaneous T cell lymphoma identified

...py and promoting Treg development may be useful to induce tolerance in autoimmune disease and transplantation," ...

Plants respond similarly to signals from friends, enemies

...ant to harm the plant. Signals from both outsiders induce rapid changes in distribution of the plant's cytoskeleton, which is part of a pathway that leads to a series of growth changes that include the formation of either nodules housing bacteria or giant cells from which the nematodes feed. The scientists...

Clam embryo study shows pollutant mixture adversely affects nerve cell development

...components tested,we found that all three together induce the greatest adverse response.Treating the embryos with the triple mixture resulted in increasedproduction of a subunit of an enzyme called protein kinase A (PKA),which previous research suggests plays a role in neural development,"says Reinisch. "Fl...

Study identifies predictors of HIV drug resistance in patients beginning triple therapy

...components tested,we found that all three together induce the greatest adverse response.Treating the embryos with the triple mixture resulted in increasedproduction of a subunit of an enzyme called protein kinase A (PKA),which previous research suggests plays a role in neural development,"says Reinisch. "Fl...

Enzyme allows B cells to resist death, leading to leukemia

...al and treatment of malignantcells with drugs that induce cell death decreased both Lyn expressionlevels and activity ?suggesting a direct correlation between high Lynactivity and the ability of these B cells to resist apoptosis. Theauthors suggest that Lyn is involved in the development of B-CLL andthat th...

Spider Venom Could Yield Eco-Friendly Insecticides

... toxins can disrupt the insects?nervous systems or induce paralysis in just a few minutes. King and his colleagues are now developing both engineered viruses and small-molecule mimics of the toxins in preparation for field trials. The Blue Mountains funnel-web spider is not the only source of insect-specif...

Duke Chemists Isolating Individual Molecules Of Toxic Protein In Alzheimer's, Parkinson's Disease

...orce at the atomic scale. Pulling back the tip can induce a measurable tug on the chemical bonds that hold together the two elevated monomers. By pulling on such bonds, the Duke scientists can deduce how much energy was required to bring the molecules together. Then, using their knowledge of protein chemis...

Antibodies from plants protect against anthrax

...likely to strike at a time and place calculated to induce maximum terror through mass casualties. The unpredictable nature of such events compels us to develop cost-effective, highly stable medical countermeasures to enable authorities to treat individuals exposed to bioterror agents such as anthrax," says ...

NJIT Presidential Award winner takes stem cell research another step

...g at NJIT, is researching the use of stem cells to induce bone repair. Her research will help diabetics whos...if her method of implanting stem cells is shown to induce bone repair, amputation may not be necessary. Stem cells could also help patients suffering from ost...

The Bacteria's guide to survival

...a problem. If the bacteria are highly virulent and induce too much cell death, they could take down their ho... and colleagues present evidence that bacteria can induce changes in hosts' gene expression - and possibly keep the host cells alive longer - through tiny tug...

South America's vast pantanal wetland may become next everglades, UNU experts warn

... resources they used and did not have the means to induce major environmental changes, such as altering the flood pulse by building dams or changing water quality by increasing the sediment load in rivers." "As economic development proceeded rapidly however, new stakeholders emerged along with the industri...

New Insights Into HIV Immunity Suggest Alternative Approach to Vaccines

...est some HIV vaccines may have failed because they induce a class of antibodies that a patient's own immune ...ting of viruses. HIV researchers have attempted to induce broadly neutralizing antibodies ?long-lived, HIV-specific antibodies that can kill all or most HIV s...

Pathogen-Mimicking Vaccine As Strategy For Cancer Therapy

... is to determine which cancer vaccine compositions induce a strong and sustained immune response against particular antigens. The results from this trial represent a substantial step forward in this regard. This conclusion is justified because we are using reproducible immunological monitoring across the CV...

Norovirus, AIDS vaccine and Hepatitis Virus

...sed into the bloodstream or intercellular fluid to induce healthy cells to manufacture an enzyme that counters the infection. One class of interferons (alpha) is used to treat chronic infection with HBV and HCV. There is a vaccine available to prevent the spread of HBV but not HCV. In the study, a new clas...

Molecule that usually protects infection-fighting cells may cause plaque deposits inside arteries

...ce lacking AIM to a fatty diet that would normally induce atherosclerosis. After several weeks, researchers found little to no atherosclerotic lesions. Comparatively, in mice that had normal AIM function, there was marked presence of plaque deposits in the arteries following a diet of high-fat food. "This...

Stem Cell Research Shows Potential for Replacing Tissue Damaged in Heart Attacks

... reasoned that precardiac endoderm might similarly induce ES cells to become a homogeneous population of car...he results are significant because we were able to induce the cells to transform the way we wanted them to. It’s a major step in ES cell research, but there’s...

Key mechanism in genetic inheritance during cell division identified

...perty of the Dam1 complex, as we have been able to induce self-assembly into rings in the absence of microtubules." The formation of rings around the microtubules by the purified Dam1 complex that the Berkeley collaborators observed has not been reported for any other microtubule binding protein complex. W...

Single stem cells from bone heal a broken heart

...ived from the bone marrow that has the capacity to induce generation of new heart cells and formation of new blood vessels ?two key components of successful myocardial repair. The results provide a foundation on which new approaches to repair the damaged heart can be based. Related : Clonally expanded nov...

Buying Time Through Hibernation on Demand

...o-called clinically dead humans and our ability to induce ?and reverse ?metabolic quiescence in model organisms could have dramatic implications for medical care," Roth said. "In the end I suspect there will be clinical benefits and it will change the way medicine is practiced, because we will, in short, be...

U-M team recovers ancient whale in Egyptian desert

...o-called clinically dead humans and our ability to induce ?and reverse ?metabolic quiescence in model organisms could have dramatic implications for medical care," Roth said. "In the end I suspect there will be clinical benefits and it will change the way medicine is practiced, because we will, in short, be...

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(Date:7/28/2014)... University of Arizona has sequenced the complete genome of ... and agriculturalists, understanding of the growing patterns of African ... rice varieties that are better able to cope with ... , The paper, "The genome sequence of African rice ... was published online in Nature Genetics on ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... have pinpointed a mechanism in part of the brain that ... it to both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The ... Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences . , ... a part of the hypothalamus known as the ventromedial nucleus ... glucose levels in the blood," said lead author Sabrina Diano, ...
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