Tag: "increase" at biology news
Genomic Analysis Uncovers New Targets for HIV Vaccine
...to discover the three genes, that together greatly increase
our knowledge of why patients differ in how well they can control the virus that causes AIDS. These findings represent only the first of what investigators said will be a series of future genome-wide studies to pinpoint additional targets for HIV va...
Cells re-energize to come back from the brink of death
...ir cell damage. The findings also suggest that the increase
in GAPDH provides energy to increase
autophagy—the process by which a cell “chews up” debris and broken components, such as damaged mitoc...
Blood test may help signal tumor's remission, return in throat cancer patients
...g of throat cancer, respectively. Patients with an increase
in three or more factors were at highest risk for ...ncer—more than twice as likely as patients with an increase
in two or fewer factors. Finally, patients with the sharpest rises in protein levels had lower chanc...
Liver cancer patients with high serum levels of hepatitis B virus face poorer outcomes
...gy ). HBV is associated with a more than 200-fold increase
in risk of liver cancer. In areas where HBV is endemic, like China and the Far East, the great majority of cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occur in individuals with the virus. For most patients whose cancer is inoperable, chemotherapy is one ...
Soils offer new hope as carbon sink
... agricultural soils to reduce greenhouse gases and increase
production at the same time has been reinforced by...doubled," said Dr Van Zwieten. "This percentage increase
remained the same when applications of nitrogen fertiliser were added to both the agrichar and the c...
Discovery in orange cauliflower may lead to more nutritious crops
...echnique for genetically modifying staple crops to increase
their ability to store beta-carotene and increase
nutritional content in staple crops." Other researchers have created "golden rice" by inserting se...
A new plant-bacterial symbiotic mechanism promising for crop applications
...eguminous plants. It therefore becomes possible to increase
agricultural production of a greater number of important plants, notably in tropical countries, while cutting down the use of fertilizers....
Research team identifies new Alzheimer's gene
...earchers to identify a common gene that appears to increase
a person’s risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease. The finding, announced today by researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Banner Alzheimer’s Institute, Kronos Science Laboratory and their collaborative partners, suggest...
Dirty snow may warm Arctic as much as greenhouse gases
...rimarily responsible for the remaining temperature increase
and are considered the Earth’s most important overall climate changing mechanism. Other human influences on Arctic climate change are particles in the atmosphere, including soot; clouds; and land use. Humans create the majority of airborne soot th...
Research shows cord blood comparable to matched bone marrow
... Wagner added that increasing the inventory will increase
the chance of finding donors for ethnic and racial minorities currently underrepresented in volunteer marrow registries worldwide. While the study showed that umbilical cord blood took longer to rebuild the blood-making cells in the body, it was ...
Sun exposure early in life linked to specific skin cancer gene mutation
...sure, from birth to 20 years old, may specifically increase
the risk of melanomas with BRAF gene mutations. A different mutation, on the NRAS gene, was found in patients who had sun exposure later in life (between ages 50 to 60 years old). The results indicate that different subtypes of melanoma are associate...
Alzheimer's disease to quadruple worldwide by 2050
...te-stage disease treatment in 2050. The largest increase
in the prevalence of Alzheimer’s will occur in Asia, where 48 percent of the world’s Alzheimer’s cases currently reside. The number of Alzheimer’s cases is expected to grow in Asia from 12.65 million in 2006 to 62.85 million in 2050; at that time, 59...
Breakthrough developments in rheumatoid arthritis reported
...m works to create specific antibodies that in turn increase
a person’s risk for this crippling disease. O...iscovered another signaling molecule that seems to increase
a person’s risk for rheumatoid arthritis by 30 percent. (The paper reporting the gene is in press.) ...
Rising skin cancer rates are more likely to affect wealthy people, says 12-year review
Skin cancer levels have shown a significant increase
in Northern Ireland since the early 1990s and are ...ents over a 12-year period, reported a 20 per cent increase
in patients and a 62 per cent increase
in skin cancer samples processed by pathology laboratories. ...
Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming
...bon dioxide enters the groundwater somehow, it can increase
the water's acidity, potentially leaching toxic chemicals, such as lead, from rocks into the water, she said. To address these risks, scientists are studying reservoir geology to better understand what happens after injecting carbon dioxide underg...
Researchers shed light on mechanism of action used by anti-cancer drug
...e of its ability to inhibit Raf, also prevented an increase
in expression of a chaperone protein known as Grp7...own of protein synthesis accompanied by a dramatic increase
in cell death. “The notion that sorafenib acts by inhibiting protein synthesis and reducing expr...
Plants recognize their siblings, biologists discover
...ants; when they share a pot with family they don’t increase
their root growth. Because differences between groups of strangers and groups of siblings only occurred when they shared a pot, the root interactions may provide a cue for kin recognition.” Though they lack cognition and memory, the study shows pl...
Plastic that grows on trees
...ts and metal halides combinations to see if he can increase
HMF yield from glucose while reducing separation and purification cost. “The opportunities are endless,” Zhang said, “and the chemistry is starting to get interesting.”...
Weizmann Institute scientists develop a general 'control switch' for protein activity
...cientists perform various genetic manipulations to increase
or, conversely, decrease the production of a certain protein, but existing manipulations of this sort are complicated and do not fully meet the researchers’ needs. Prof. Mordechai “Moti” Liscovitch and graduate student Oran Erster of the Weizmann In...
Fat fish put obesity on the hook
...e molecular basis of disease. This may ultimately increase
the efficiency and power of the drug discovery process, thus bringing new medicines to the market faster and cheaper.” In the study, researchers caused obesity in zebrafish by introducing the same type of genetic mutation that causes severe obesit...
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