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Tag: "incidence" at biology news

Deficient DNA Repair Capacity Associated With Increased Risk Of Breast Cancer

...possibly to develop interventions to reduce cancer incidence and mortality," they write. ...

Study: Soap And Water Work Best In Ridding Hands Of Disease Viruses

..."Hand hygiene agents have been shown to reduce the incidence of health-care associated infections, and a variety of hand hygiene agents are now available with different active ingredients and application methods. "Our study showed that the anti-microbial hand washing agents were significantly more effective i...

Potential Cure for Lymphoma in HIV patients

...ividuals remains challenging, due to both the high incidence ofrefractory disease and the high risk of treatment-relatedcomplications. The ability of high dose chemotherapy as demonstrated inthis pilot study to effectively treat even refractory disease is highlyencouraging and certainly warrants further study....

New studies suggest airborne SARS transmission is possible

...f the first case seemed to be strongly linked with incidence of infection-two-thirds of patients in the same bay and half of patients in an adjacent bay were infected with SARS, while only 18 percent of patients in distant bays were infected. The Hong Kong researchers, led by Ignatius T.S. Yu, MBBS, MPH, of t...

How an AIDS-Related Cancer Unleashes Inflammation

...gh new HIV treatments have drastically reduced the incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma in developed countries, it remains a health threat in many developing countries. Now, researchers have discovered one way that Kaposi's sarcoma ?a cancer-like viral disease traditionally associated with AIDS ?triggers severe infla...

Genetically modified rice in China benefits farmers' health, study finds

...sticide related illnesses Because there is a high incidence of pesticide-related illness in households of developing countries, including China, the researchers were interested in tracking the health effects of insect-resistant genetically modified rice. They asked farm family members if they experienced any ...

How the environment could be damaging men's reproductive health

...e reproductive health in Lithuania showed that the incidence of testicular cancer was one of the lowest in Euro...environmental situation than semen quality and the incidence of testicular cancer. "If the hypothesis is correct that TDS is caused by environmental conditions,...

HIV vaccine trial breaks ground for future research

...gh vaccine antibody response is related to a lower incidence of HIV infection. Citing the possible slight vaccine efficacy for non-white and high-risk participants of the trial, they urged that future vaccines be studied in a wide range of racial, ethnic, and diverse risk-level groups. They concluded that the ...

Insight into natural cholesterol control suggests novel cholesterol-lowering therapy

...ect against coronary artery disease and reduce the incidence of heart attacks--limit cholesterol synthesis by inhibiting reductase function, he said. As a result, cells take up more cholesterol from the bloodstream, lowering its concentration there. However, inhibition of reductase function by statins also li...

Harmful chemicals may reprogram gene response to estrogen

...tic form of estrogen linked to vaginal cancer, the incidence of uterine tumors rises to almost 100 percent. By comparison, slightly more than half of the unexposed animals, those having only the genetic defect, developed the uterine tumors. DES is a drug that was prescribed for women from 1938 to 1971 to prev...

Insight into DNA's 'weakest links' may yield clues to cancer biology

...ase in cell death and, in some cases, an increased incidence of cancer, Petes said. Earlier work by other researchers had shown that mammalian chromosomes break at particular sites under certain types of stress or upon exposure to particular drugs, he said. Evidence has suggested that chromosomes break when D...

Study reveals dramatic difference between breast cancers in US and Africa

...mewhere in between, with a slightly lower lifetime incidence of breast cancer than Caucasians but earlier onset and worse prognosis. African American women under the age of 35 have a 50 percent greater risk of developing breast cancer than Caucasians. This risk levels off by around age 50 and African Americans...

Agilent Technologies new genome analysis technology set to accelerate Australia fight against mesothelioma

...bestos in the mid-1900s, Australia has the highest incidence of mesothelioma in the world. Rates of the disease have tripled in the past 20 years and are expected to peak about 2010. Diagnosis of this type of cancer is difficult, and patients are often not identified until the condition is quite advanced. Agi...

To Stop Evolution: New Way Of Fighting Antibiotic Resistance Demonstrated By Scripps Scientists

... reduced staphylococcal dysentery, and lowered the incidence of many other pandemic bacterial infections. These antibiotics are basically natural chemicals (or derivatives of natural chemicals) produced by other bacteria or fungi in the environment to kill off the competition. Scientists in the last century ha...

Sugar beet virus mutation requires Texas touch

...and disease ?what could producers do to reduce the incidence and severity of the disease. "We started doing a lot of work with both of the viruses, and by default, I ended up with more experience than anyone else," he said. Strong genetic resistance to rhizomania was bred into sugar beet varieties and until 2...

Embryonic Stem Cells Treated With Growth Factor Reverse Hemophilia In Mice: UNC Researchers

...ogic tissue mismatch to the PEPs. In addition, the incidence of teratomas was low." The researchers believe this study demonstrates the power of multidisciplinary collaboration, said co-lead author Dr. Bruce A. Cairns, assistant professor of surgery and director of research in the N.C. Jaycee Burn Center. "Th...

B cells are required for development of epithelial cancer associated with chronic inflammation

...rly cancer development were attenuated, and cancer incidence was significantly reduced. The researchers went on to show that transfer of B cells or even just serum from regular HPV16 mice into the lymphocyte-deficient HPV16 mice restored chronic inflammation in premalignant skin and reinstated mechanisms neces...

Does vitamin C help prevent or treat the common cold? Maybe not, after all.

...t of prophylactic vitamin C supplementation on the incidence of common cold in normal populations throws doubt on the utility of this wide practice." In these prevention studies, those people who were given vitamin C and then caught a cold experienced a small reduction in the duration of the cold compared wit...

Circulating stem cells play small role in lung repair

...ber of Y chromosome-containing pneumocytes and the incidence of acute cellular rejection in the tissue, suggesting that stem cell repopulation might be stimulated by greater degrees of injury to the lung. The possibility that the presence of male gender pneumocytes in female lungs might result from an earlier...

Candida albicans Genome Fully Annotated

...ber of Y chromosome-containing pneumocytes and the incidence of acute cellular rejection in the tissue, suggesting that stem cell repopulation might be stimulated by greater degrees of injury to the lung. The possibility that the presence of male gender pneumocytes in female lungs might result from an earlier...

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(Date:8/21/2014)... previously unknown process for harvesting energy and producing oxygen ... State University scientist has discovered. The discovery lays the ... harvesting energy from the Sun, and understanding dense blooms ... lakes worldwide. A paper describing the discovery will be ... the journal Science on 21 August 2014. ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... A ubiquitous skin fungus linked to dandruff, eczema and ... tracked to even further global reachesincluding Hawaiian coral reefs ... sea vents. , A review in the scientific journal ... distribution of the fungi of the genus Malassezia ... environmental sequencing datasets from around the world. , University ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... intake, health and quality of life of older adults ... the University of Waterloo receiving close to $1.5 million ... (CIHR). , Professor Heather Keller, of the Faculty ... research chair in nutrition and aging, will receive $979,000 ... in long-term care homes are poorly nourished. The project ...
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