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Tag: "improve" at biology news

Releasing fish for the future

... released by anglers. Some guidelines designed to improve fish survival were recently developed for released line-caught snapper, silver trevally, mulloway, sand whiting, yellowfin bream and dusky flathead. The research, costing more than $1.5 million and funded by NSW DPI and the Recreational Fishing Tr...

The insect vector always bites twice

...of malaria in endemic areas, that could be used to improve strategies of prevention and care of young patients in the context of seasonal transmission of the disease. The objective of the work conducted on human African trypanosomiasis was to analyse the antibody response to identify exactly, in total sal...

A new plant-bacterial symbiotic mechanism promising for crop applications

... nitrogen they have stored up. These interactions improve crop yields of leguminous plants that are crucial for human diet (soybean, peas, ground nuts and so on…) and as animal feed (alfalfa, clover, sainfoin). In addition, cultivation of legumes living in symbiotic association with bacteria can contribut...

Research team identifies new Alzheimer's gene

...These new, robust tools may eventually allow us to improve our ability to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease, even before it strikes” To date, the most significant gene found to predispose an individual to late onset Alzheimer’s (LOAD) has been APOE4. In this latest study, researchers from seven organizations c...

New bacterium discovered -- related to cause of trench fever

...athogens and how humans get infected with them, we improve our ability to diagnose, prevent and treat our patients,” Koehler notes. “This enables us to use our work in the laboratory to benefit patients in the clinics and hospital.” ...

Studies to find better ways to preserve human eggs, ovarian tissue under way

... and see if we can develop a robust technology and improve outcomes,” Dr. Song says. Later, researchers will put ovarian tissue preserved both ways into mice to see if it survives and starts making proper connections. “The reason for using ovaries is when you have cancer, if you need chemotherapy, you ...

Longer treatment benefits sleep apnea patients

...nuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), a device to improve breathing during sleep, according to a new study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health. This is the first study to identify the nightly duration of CPAP use needed to gain maximum bene...

Dual-imaging technique useful before -- and during -- brain surgery

...igh-tech imaging tools into the operating room can improve the functional abilities of patients who undergo b... approaches to treating brain tumors to ultimately improve patient outcomes.” He says that combining standard visual, sound, and voice-based tests, whose r...

Microbes at work cleaning up the environment

...und counterintuitive to use a microbial protein to improve water quality. But some bacteria are doing just that to protect themselves from potentially toxic nanoparticles in their own environments, and clean up crews of the future could potentially do the same thing on a larger scale. A team from Lawrenc...

Risk of stroke doubles if diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes

...sk of stroke occurs only in the long term and will improve the motivation of both patients and health care providers to aggressively control cardiovascular risk factors soon after diagnosis.” said Jeerakathil....

Mutating the entire genome

... can occur so that cancer develops. “If we now improve that 10,000-fold, the pool of cells [with translocated chromosomes] may be large enough to create a mouse that develops the cancer,” so the new method makes it easier to breed mice with human cancers, Capecchi says. ‘Jumping Genes’ Help Make More...

Blood-brain barrier breached by new therapeutic strategy

...ns and diseases. The researchers are now trying to improve the efficacy of this delivery system and to make a stable form of siRNA that might yield even better results....

Helping chlorine-eating bacteria clean up toxic waste

...e bacteria sometimes start and then stop. We might improve conditions for the organisms." For example, she said, it has been found that Dehalococcoides needs vitamin B-12, so the vitamin is added to cultures that are injected into cleanup sites. The bacterium also grows better in a mixed community with other...

Putting feelings into words produces therapeutic effects in the brain

...erlying reason why mindfulness meditation programs improve mood and health. “The right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex can turn down the emotional response you get when you feel angry,” he said. “This moves us forward in beginning to understand the benefits of mindfulness meditation. For the first time, w...

Ants show us how to make super-highways

... Animal Behaviour, shows that these living ‘plugs’ improve the quality of the surface. This increases the ove...haviour performed by a minority of ant workers can improve the performance of the majority, resulting in a clear benefit for the society as a whole." Their ...

New research shows sharks use their noses and bodies to locate smells

...g of odor-flavored wakes and that visual input can improve food-finding when lateral line information is not available," said Atema. "Since dogfish feed primarily in the dark hunting for crabs, lobsters, shrimp and small fish, their reliance on information from their lateral line is essential. The results ar...

'Virtual Patient' to simulate real-time organ motions for radiation therapy

...g the fourth dimension of time could significantly improve the accuracy and effectiveness of radiation treatment for lung and liver cancers. X. George Xu, professor of nuclear and biomedical engineering, and Suvranu De, associate professor of mechanical engineering, have formed a multidisciplinary collabo...

Smallpox outbreak: How long would it take for vaccines to protect people? Would it work?

...he world, the U.S. government is making efforts to improve its ability to protect its citizens in the event of a bioterrorist attack involving the smallpox virus (Variola major virus). This study at Saint Louis University will look at the ability of an investigational vaccine made by Bavarian Nordic to st...

Statin treatment improves spatial memory in mouse models of Alzheimer's

...ain, which eventually will increase blood flow and improve circulation to the memory region of the brain. These findings suggest that increases in brain nNos levels may play an important role in statin-induced improvement of spatial reference memory. The transgenic mice used in the study are homozygous fo...

Machine preservation may promote more organ sharing

...ting organs in a cooler ?may lower hospital costs, improve initial organ function, and promote greater use and more sharing of organs, according to new research by Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center. "By placing kidneys on a portable pump, preservation times can be safely extended to permit more ...

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(Date:8/19/2014)... Research and Network-Level Science, , Imagine if we had ... ecosystems was responding to global changes in real time. ... coupled multiple decades of information about ecological responses to ... dozens of different ecosystem types. , In fact, ... (LTER) Network, which will soon celebrate its 35th anniversary. ...
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