Tag: "household" at biology news
Plastic that grows on trees
... plastic, fuels and scores of other industrial and household
chemicals with inexpensive, nonpolluting renewable plant matter. Scientists took a giant step closer to the biorefinery this week, reporting in the June 15 issue of the journal Science that they have directly converted sugars ubiquitous in nature ...
US control strategies may make flu epidemics worse, UCLA study shows
...re epidemics. This is because when the head of the household
makes a choice ?flu shots or no flu shots ?on behalf of all the other household
members, there is no individual decision-making, and adaptability is decreased. While other mode...
Better health twice as likely for nonsmokers who live and work with smoking restrictions
... found that nonsmokers who live under both a total household
and total workplace smoking ban are over two and a...d work in New York City. The study confirms that household
smoking restrictions are more strongly associated with better health status than workplace smoking r...
Antivirals effectively curb influenza virus
... total of 1,475 households. The majority of first household
cases (53 percent to 70 percent) had influenza A (...as defined by reductions in influenza illnesses in household
contacts, when oseltamivir was used for treatment of ill persons, but not when zanamivir was adminis...
Mother knows best: Plant knowledge key to childhood health in remote Amazon
...nd domesticated plants for more than half of their household
consumption, while purchased goods account for a tiny fraction of consumption. "Like other remote rural populations around the world, the Tsimane' must rely on their ability to exploit natural resources to maintain the health of their children," ...
In presence of fragrant cleaning products, air purifiers that emit ozone can dirty the air
...make the air dirtier when used at the same time as household
cleaning products, scientists at UC Irvine have discovered. Ozone emitted by purifiers reacts in the air with unsaturated volatile organic compounds such as limonene ?a chemical added to cleaning supplies that gives them a lemon fragrance ?to creat...
Household transmission of SARS: Lessons learned
...Toronto, Ontario, about 20% of cases resulted from household
transmission (spread of the infection within a hou...nd colleagues studied the characteristics of these household
transmissions and report on risk factors that contributed to the spread of infection. Primary risk f...
Mass vaccination unnecessary in the event of a large bioterrorist US smallpox attack
...d the community at large. The age distribution and household
sizes were based on the U.S. census for 2000. Predicting the spread of an infectious disease such as smallpox requires much more than simply connecting dots on a map. Instead Longini and colleagues rely on a tool called stochastic modeling to take ...
Amgen introduces comprehensive financial assistance programs for cancer patients
...ng uninsured patients. Available to patients with household
adjusted gross incomes of up to $75,000 per year, The SAFETY NET Foundation is one of the most generous oncology product donation programs in the industry. Amgen also donates millions of dollars to independent third-party administered patient assis...
Science captures the essence of fruit
...p in non-food consumer products such as make-up or household
cleaners, Dr Newcomb is confident they will also play a role in the expanding health food market. "Researchers are finding ever greater numbers of foods and food compounds that can enhance human heath and wellbeing. The trouble is, they don't alway...
Microbes transform 'safest' PBDEs into more harmful compounds
...its and vegetables, meats, dairy products and even household
dust. The American Chemical Society ?the world’s largest scientific society ?is a nonprofit organization chartered by the U.S. Congress and a global leader in providing access to chemistry-related research through its multiple databases, peer-review...
Airborne mold spores increase kids' risk for multiple allergies
... avoid mold development. Additional information on household
mold issues can be found at www.epa.gov/moldresources.html . ...
Polynesia explorers created worldwide web of scientific knowledge
...es on three generations of travelers ?none of them household
names today. Philibert Commerson was a French naturalist aboard Louis de Bougainville's world voyage of 1766-1769; Germany's George Forster accompanied his father on Captain James Cook's second voyage of 1772-1775; and Adelbert von Chamisso, a native...
Five surprising facts about starvation that could change the international agenda
...ects of the disease and from an indirect impact on household
food security and childcare. Without dual action a...World Health Organization expert advisory panel on household
food and nutrition security. ...
How plants avoid feeling the burn
...measure the current of a wire found in an everyday household
appliance, only in this case, the "wiring" is a miniscule 2.8 nanometers long and less than a single nanometer thick, or about 10,000 times smaller than the width of a human hair. One measurement problem is that carotenoids are highly prone to reac...
Many cleaners, air fresheners may pose health risks when used indoors
...used indoors under certain conditions, many common household
cleaners and air fresheners emit toxic pollutants ...d utilization of an array of products designed for household
use. "We've focused a lot of effort in the last decades on controlling the big sources of air pollu...
Honey helps problem wounds
remedy millennia old is being reinstated: honey he...ver, the rise of the new antibiotics replaced this household
remedy. 'In hospitals today we are faced with germs which are resistant to almost all the current an...
Mosquito spray increases toxicity of pyrethroids in creek, study finds
... on the market in California, ranging from cans of household
bug killer to commercial pest control sprays. Prior studies by Weston and colleagues have shown that pyrethroids exist in agricultural and urban streams at levels toxic to sensitive aquatic life. General urban pesticide use, such as applying insect...
Avian flu modeled on supercomputer, explores vaccine and isolation options for thwarting a pandemic
...smission is more likely for two people in the same household
and less likely for two people who have less in common. "So we are only computing the probability of any person becoming infected on any given day, and a roll of the dice is needed to decide whether they are infected or not," said Germann. Other ele...
HIV decline in Zimbabwe linked to behavioural change
..., Zimbabwe studied 9,454 people recruited from two household
censuses, the first conducted between 1998 and 2000, and the second between 2001 and 2003. They found that overall HIV prevalence declined from 23 percent to 20.5 percent. In men aged 17 to 54 it had declined from 19.5 percent to 18.2 percent, while...