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Tag: "hospitals" at biology news

Newly found sensing system enables certain bacteria to resist human immune defenses

...ious agents that can be transmitted to patients in hospitals via contaminated medical implants. Findings by Dr. Otto’s research group are published in the May 29 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. Other well-known types of gram-positive bacteria include agents that cause anthrax, stre...

Restricting hospital-based services during SARS outbreak had modest impact

...he non-urgent use of hospital-based services at 32 hospitals in the Greater Toronto Area resulted in a 12% decrease in admissions. The findings suggest that the ability of a health system to admit large numbers of affected patients during a future epidemic would be limited by continued high levels of hospital ...

Understanding why C. difficile causes disease -- it's hungry

...002 a new, more virulent strain began appearing in hospitals in the United States and Canada. Recently, this strain was shown to be responsible for more than half of all cases in a representative sampling in Quebec. The highly virulent strain has a much higher toxin production which leads to more destructive a...

An 'elegant' idea proves its worth 25 years later

... total of 1,181 hyperammonemia "episodes" from 118 hospitals around the United States from August 1980 until March 2005. The regimen consisted of high-dose intravenous sodium phenylacetate and sodium benzoate for two hours followed by "maintenance infusions" until blood ammonia levels were normal. The pati...

Risk of lymphoma increases with hepatitis C virus infection

...tient records collected from Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals across the United States between 1996 and 2004. Researchers selected more than 700,000 records; 146,394 represented patients who were diagnosed with the hepatitis C virus, while 572,293 represented patients who were not. Based on that review, resear...

Study offers clues to 'Broken Heart Syndrome'

...agnosed with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy at two major hospitals in Rhode Island over a period of nearly 2½ years. Ninety-five percent were women, and 60 percent experienced some type of stress shortly before coming to the emergency room. The intensity of the stress varied dramatically, however, ranging from armed...

Risk of HIV transmission highest early in infection

...DS Centre in Montreal, and colleagues from several hospitals and health clinics in Canada studied HIV transmission through phylogenetic analysis—essentially, drawing the virus’s family tree. The technique follows the history of a virus as it spreads from one person to another by looking at the evolution of vir...

Transfusion expert urges wider use of filtered blood

...ity's Strong Memorial Hospital was among the first hospitals in the country to begin using leukoreduced blood for all cardiac surgery cases. Since then, the hospital has extended its leukoreduction practice to all patients, beginning in 2000. ...

Row over study puts Korea's scientific community under scrutiny again

...ts include the CHA Stem Cell Institute and several hospitals and clinics in Korea and the US. But the BMJ has learnt that the editor in chief of Fertility and Sterility has been threatened with legal action by Dr Cha, and that one of Dr Cha's co-authors on the disputed paper, Dr Sook Hwan Lee, has been char...

Cancer-killing invention also harvests stem cells

...vice would use a shunt similar to the type used in hospitals today. This shunt would reside on the exterior of the arm or be implanted beneath the skin. Some of the blood flow would bypass the capillary bed and instead go into the shunt, which could remain implanted for many weeks, continually removing and k...

Study shows hope for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's

...e. However, most people are evaluated at community hospitals and clinics, where the diagnostic accuracy is estimated to be around 75 percent. Though the study’s accuracy rate is under that 90-percent figure, it still means the test potentially could have great value to physicians and patients and their fami...

Study identifies risk factors for spread of respiratory infections in hospitals

...rome (SARS) epidemic in China has lessons to teach hospitals on how to prevent the spread of other respiratory ...on in Guangzhou province and Hong Kong in 2003. In hospitals with especially severe outbreaks, the researchers looked at environmental and administrative factors...

New research may overturn conventional wisdom on drug-resistant tuberculosis

...gate patients with TB who were treated in Shanghai hospitals during 1999-2004. They focused on 38 patients from whom samples were available before and during treatment. The researchers found that the strains of TB in the samples taken before treatment were genetically different from those taken during treatmen...

A revolution in the monitoring of unborn babies

...05 17 per cent of inpatient cases for women in NHS hospitals were due to complications of pregnancy or childbirth. By helping to detect potential problems with unborn babies early and monitoring expectant mothers in their own homes it is hoped the device could relieve the pressure on in-patient stays and reduc...

Reminding doctors which antibiotics to prescribe cuts C. difficile infection rates

...rvention could be successfully replicated in other hospitals in an attempt to reverse the rapid increase in CDI...use of this method to study interventions in other hospitals would enhance the pool of good quality evidence on the best ways to change antibiotic prescribing. I...

Opening windows may be the best way of preventing transmission of airborne infection

A study of eight hospitals in Peru has shown that opening windows and doors provided ventilation more than double that of mechanically ventilated negative-pressure rooms and 18 times that of rooms with windows and doors closed. The researchers, led by Rod Escombe from Imperi...

New study aims to stop sepsis in its tracks

...the protocol will have similar success at multiple hospitals across the nation. Following a year-long period o...nt, complete with lists of tips and traps, to help hospitals adopt standardized methods for evaluating and treating early sepsis patients. ...

Controlling antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in hospitals

...Veterans Administration Medical Center report that hospitals that follow national guidelines on controlling ant...ing rapidly. This increase is seen in all types of hospitals across the country - large and small, teaching and non-teaching, VA and non-VA," said Bradley N. Doe...

An advanced genetic diagnostic method for multiple myeloma

...ic diagnosis of MM are already being applied in 20 hospitals in Spain. And in a not too distant future, these tests will permit us to offer each patient a treatment adapted to the genetic modifications that he or she presents, which, while they may not provide a cure for the disease, will make it possible to t...

Telemedicine robots help improve health

...breaking service can be expanded to other regional hospitals throughout Queensland and to evaluate its capacity to deliver high quality clinical care to patients, as well as professional support and educational opportunities to health staff in regional areas, such as Mt Isa," Dr Smith said....

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