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Tag: "horse" at biology news

Horse genome assembled

The first draft of the horse genome sequence has been deposited in public datab...ly 2.7 billion DNA base pairs in the genome of the horse (Equus caballus) was funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), one of the Nati...

Mimicking how the brain recognizes street scenes

...particular object that is very specific, such as a horse as opposed to a cow or a unicorn. At the same time the representation must be sufficiently "invariant" so as to discard meaningless changes in pose, illumination, size, position, and many other variations in appearances. Even a child's brain handl...

Trojan horse strategy defeats drug-resistant bacteria

...ery similar to iron. "Gallium acts as a Trojan horse to iron-seeking bacteria," said Singh. "Because gallium looks like iron, invading bacteria are tricked, in a way, into taking it up. Unfortunately for the bacteria, gallium can't function like iron once it's inside bacterial cells." The research...

ASU researchers test antibacterial effects of healing clays

...edies, such as dandelion, green tea, valerian, and horse chestnut, and practices like acupuncture, Tai Chi, and Reiki that fall outside conventional medicines. The ASU duo will examine the mechanisms that allow two clays mined in France to heal Buruli ulcer, a flesh-eating bacterial disease found primar...

'Protecting virus' offers instant flu protection and converts flu infections into their own vaccines

... chicken for weeks. Flu is a major problem in the horse racing industry and in domestic horses. It also has very recently become a problem in domestic dogs in the USA and domestic cats are susceptible to H5N1 virus. The Warwick research team has now filed a patent on the protecting virus and they are e...

Geneticists discover genes that make fruit fly hybrids sterile

...For example, a mule, the result of the mating of a horse and a donkey, is sterile. Now, Cornell researchers have made the first identification of a pair of genes in any species that are responsible for problems unique to hybrids. Specifically, the researchers have found two genes from two fruit fly specie...

New evidence of early horse domestication

...ched soils inside what appear to be the remains of horse corrals beside pit houses, matches what would be expected from Earth once enriched by horse manure. The Krasnyi Yar site was inhabited by people of the Botai culture of the Eurasian Steppe, wh...

Man may have caused pre-historic extinctions

...ss of fossil records mean that the survival of the horse beyond the arrival of humans cannot be ruled out. The PNAS paper develops a new statistical method to help resolve the inherent problems associated with dating fossils from the Pleistocene period. The aim is to provide a far more accurate timetable ...

Movie spies on malaria parasite's sneaky behavior

...cient Greek warriors who hid inside a giant hollow horse to gain entry to Troy, the malaria parasites wrap themselves in a structure made of liver cell membrane. This membrane cloak enables them to sneak past immune cell sentinels and return to the bloodstream. The malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum...

NHGRI announces latest sequencing targets

... NHGRI has recently approved the sequencing of the horse (Equus caballus) to high-density genome coverage. A set of five fungi known as dermatophytes, which are the most common sources of human fungal disease, will also have their genomes sequenced. Dermatophyte fungi are highly communicable and infect m...

Widespread elephant slaughter discovered in Chad

.... The second time we passed over I saw a guy and a horse and an assault rifle in the poacher's hands. The third time we flew over, this time only about 150 feet above the camp, I could see the man shooting at us." No one was hurt. Zakouma National Park in southeastern Chad makes up part of a Texas-sized r...

Uncovering sex-change secrets of black sea bass

... parents of the young fish, much as a thoroughbred horse farm invests in mares and stallions," he says. "It doesn't do us much good if we always have to go out and get new females." With funding from NH Sea Grant, Berlinsky has teamed with Nardi and GreatBay Aquaculture to study what triggers sex reversal...

NHGRI announces new sequencing targets

...optera species), mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus), horse (Equus caballus), llama (Llama species), mole (Cryptomys species), pika (Ochotona species), a cousin of the rabbit, kangaroo rat (Dipodomys species) and tarsier (Tarsier species), an early primate and evolutionary cousin to monkeys, apes, and humans....

Wisconsin scientists find a way to make human collagen in the lab

...Catgut, the biodegradable sutures made from cow or horse intestines and used in surgery to minimize scarring, is also a form of collagen. But for such a commonplace and useful protein, collagen has defied the efforts of biomedical researchers who have tried mightily to synthesize it for use in application...

Bringing the zoos to the zebras

...Grevy's zebra is the most endangered member of the horse family in the world, with an estimated 2000 left in the wild. More than 70 percent of these live in the Samburu region of northern Kenya, most of them on unprotected community lands. Now an innovative partnership between Princeton University and Sain...

Unique equine cataract surgery offered on routine basis

...stablish the best combination of methods to remove horse cataracts. Georgie is a 15-month-old filly, with... other course of action would have been to have my horse put down. "As a showjumping horse, it was vital to have TC's eyesight restored. Without experts...

Ocean virus identified in human blood samples

...lished soon, a population of Thoroughbred mares on horse farms in Kentucky, which was having an unusually high level of spontaneous abortions, was also found to have 81 percent positive testing for Vesivirus antibodies ?far higher than a normal population. Because of its endemic nature and prevalence, pos...

Horse antibodies against the bird flu virus H5N1 are effective as treatment in mice

...ry-research.com ) reveals that a dose of 100 µg of horse anti-serum effectively protects infected mice. The...se of H5N1 and simultaneously exposed the cells to horse antibodies against H5N1. Lu et al.'s results show that horse antibodies to H5N1 protected cells agai...

Scientists develop nanotech-laser treatment that kills cancer cells without harming healthy tissue

...es to develop a weapon that kills cancer." Trojan horse To assure that only diseased cells were destroyed in the experiment, the scientists had to find a way to selectively deliver carbon nanotubes into cancer cells and not into healthy ones. Dai and his co-workers achieved this by performing a bit of bi...

Geckos: It's not always about sex

...them a bit like mules, which are a cross between a horse and a donkey," said Kearney. "Mules are very robust animals, but they cannot reproduce." Kearney's research suggested that the hybrid forms of Bynoe's geckos could not only reproduce through parthenogenesis, but were "super tough," just like a mule. ...

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