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Tag: "hepatitis" at biology news

Liver cancer patients with high serum levels of hepatitis B virus face poorer outcomes

... had a significantly increased incidence of severe hepatitis which was associated with the worst survival. The ...ignificantly higher incidence of developing severe hepatitis during chemotherapy and had poorer survival. Other factors significantly affecting survival were hig...

Risk of lymphoma increases with hepatitis C virus infection

People infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are at an increased risk of developi...4 represented patients who were diagnosed with the hepatitis C virus, while 572,293 represented patients who were not. Based on that review, researchers determin...

LIAI scientists make important finding on cytomegalovirus transmission

...ations for other chronic virus infections, such as hepatitis and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. The team’s findings were published online this week in the Journal of Experimental Medicine in a paper entitled, "Cytomegalovirus exploits IL-10-mediated immune regulation in the salivary glands." LIAI scientis...

Hepatitis E takes a piggyback

Pigs carry hepatitis E virus (HEV), which they can pass on to humans. B...ch is found worldwide, can potentially cause acute hepatitis in humans. So monitoring infection rates could help protect meat processors and vets. The disease ca...

Bypassing eggs, flu vaccine grown in insect cells shows promise

...logy using human cell lines is used to produce the hepatitis B vaccine, while one form of a vaccine against human papilloma virus is made using the same insect cell line used in the JAMA study. In the study conducted by Treanor, together with colleagues at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital and the University o...

Mailman School of Public Health researchers report blood DNA can be early predictor of liver cancer

...igh-risk populations, including those with chronic hepatitis B and C virus infections. Since most hepatocell... Certain clinical risk factors such as age and hepatitis B and C virus infections, are well documented risk factors for the development of HCC. According to...

Researchers find hepatitis A and hepatitis C attack same protein to block immune defenses

...pite the fact that they both infect the liver, the hepatitis A and hepatitis C viruses actually have very little in common. The two are far apart genetically, are transmitted di...

RNAi shows promise in gene therapy, Stanford researcher says

...y to effectively shut down the viruses that cause hepatitis and HIV in mice. With three human RNAi gene thera...rked on a gene therapeutic approach against viral hepatitis for about 10 years and this is the first thing we've done that really looks promising," said Kay, p...

CSHL research ties harmless viruses to cancer

...the successes of preventative immunization against hepatitis B and papilloma viruses, which both cause cancer. Lazebnik and his CSHL colleague Dominik Duelli estimate that at least 18 of 29 virus families that infect human cells have species that fuse cells, which implies that CIN and cancer might be caused by...

New culture method for hepatitis C virus uses primary hepatocytes and patient serum

Researchers open the way for improved study of hepatitis C virus by devising a novel virus culture system that allows replication of patient-isolated virus in nontransformed hepatocytes, instead of culture-adapted virus strains in transformed cell lines. The related report by Lázaro et al, "Hepatitis C vi...

Protein found that slows hepatitis C growth in liver cells

...identified a cellular protein that interferes with hepatitis C virus replication, a finding that ultimately may...ers?discovery that PAK1 controls the rate at which hepatitis C virus replicates, the paper describes the biochemical pathways that lead to PAK1 activation and th...

New test helps identify hepatitis C patients at high risk of developing cirrhosis

...at high risk of developing cirrhosis from chronic hepatitis C infection. That means high-risk patients could ...ich also funded the study. "Current therapy for hepatitis C unfortunately is very expensive, has multiple side effects and a suboptimal response rate for mos...

New UD technology removes viruses from drinking water

...against human pathogens including E. coli 0157:H7, hepatitis A, norovirus and rotavirus. Rotavirus is the number-one cause of diarrhea in children, according to Kniel. "In 20 minutes, we found 99.99 percent removal of the viruses," Chiu said. "And we found that removal of the viruses got even better than th...

Widely used hepatitis B drug spurs HIV drug resistance

...e that an antiretroviral drug widely used to treat hepatitis B liver infections was safe to use on its own in p...h both viral illnesses but who need to treat their hepatitis B and are not yet on anti-HIV drugs. Authors of the study have informed the U.S. Food and Drug ...

Interaction between lymph and liver cells may affect immune response

...nd may be useful in developing therapies for viral hepatitis and autoimmune diseases. The results of this stud..., this T cell activation in the liver during early hepatitis C infection may contribute to the impaired immune response seen in chronic hepatitis C. "As well ...

Einstein researchers demonstrate a novel approach to treating AIDS

...roach for treating the many viral infections, from hepatitis C to Ebola, in which viral proteins are expressed on the surface of infected cells." The Einstein researchers used a technique called radioimmunotherapy, in which radioisotopes are piggy-backed onto antibodies. Once these precision-made molecules a...

Replacing insulin is top-ranked breakthrough foreseen for health in developing world

...echnics, for instance, has developed a recombinant hepatitis B vaccine that sells for only $US O.40 per dose as compared to imported vaccines which sell for $US 8-10 per dose." Leaders among developing countries in their level of regenerative medicine activity are India, China and Brazil. The authors say t...

Mayo Clinic study suggests that a central nervous system viral infection can lead to memory deficits

...those that cause foot-and-mouth disease, polio and hepatitis A. Researchers were intrigued by the possibility of a link between picornavirus infections and memory loss. Little has been published in this area, Dr. Howe says. In the study, mice were infected with Theiler's murine (mouse) encephalomyelitis viru...

Molecular 'on/off switch' controls immune defenses against viruses

Much like flipping a light switch, the hepatitis C virus turns on human immune defenses upon enteri...lly interact to turn on and off immune response to hepatitis C. It's known that when a virus invades a cell, the RIG-I protein triggers the body to generate ...

USC team reveals structure of APOBEC family protein

...ers have been shown to disarm viruses like HIV and hepatitis B. Uncontrolled, of course, the APOBEC proteins could create havoc in a cell. But normally, under the cell's tight regulation, "these are the good guys," Chen said. When Courtney Prochnow, a graduate student in Chen's lab, first revealed the a...

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