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Tag: "head" at biology news

Blood test may help signal tumor's remission, return in throat cancer patients

... such as surgery or drug therapy. “Cancers of the head and neck are insidious because surgical removal of...nt is a major goal of the NCI and this research in head and neck cancer is an excellent example of the type of collaborative study between two NIH institute...

Dual-imaging technique useful before -- and during -- brain surgery

...elp patients understand what is happening in their head and how the surgery will be conducted. “We can essentially show patients a color-coded picture of their brain and explain to them where their tumor is in relation to areas that control critical functions like expressive speech, movement and vision...

Nurtured chimps rake it in

...s access to small rakes with either a rigid wooden head or a flimsy fabric head. Both enculturated and se...oups with two identical ‘hybrid’ rakes. Each rake head had a rigid side made of wood (functional) and another side made of flimsy cloth (non-functional). ...

New findings challenge established views on human genome

...ery little about before,” said Ewan Birney, Ph.D., head of genome annotation at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory’s European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) in Hinxton, England, who led ENCODE’s massive data integration and analysis effort. The ENCODE consortium’s major findings include the dis...

Herpes virus hijacks DNA repair process

...in, M.D., Ph.D., Edward Mallinckrodt Professor and head of the Department of Pathology and Immunology, Tarakanova found that murine herpes virus, rather than the host cell, was triggering the DNA damage response. She showed that introducing just one viral protein into cells led to activation of two cellul...

The kapok connection -- Study explains rainforest similarities

...ok that grows taller than a 16-story building, its head poking above the forest canopy. Its flowers produce more than 50 gallons of nectar per tree in a season, attracting bats that travel as far as 12 miles between trees and transfer pollen in the process. When the seed pods ripen, they break open to ...

Does amateur boxing cause brain damage?

Blows to the head in amateur boxing appear to cause brain damage, ac... had received more than 15 high impact hits to the head compared with boxers who reported fewer hits. The boxers who had received more than 15 high impact ...

US control strategies may make flu epidemics worse, UCLA study shows

...ency of severe epidemics. This is because when the head of the household makes a choice ?flu shots or no flu shots ?on behalf of all the other household members, there is no individual decision-making, and adaptability is decreased. While other models have determined what proportion of the population ...

8 plants from South Africa may hold potential for treating high blood pressure

...uth Africans rubbed the leaves of the plant on the head for sinus headaches and used plant infusions for colic and restlessness in young children. The most direct discovery is the 1993 finding that large doses of popular garlic preparations significantly decreased the diastolic blood pressure in human pat...

New knowledge improves rice quality

...rice research almost everywhere," the convener and head of IRRI’s Grain Quality, Nutrition, and Postharvest Center, Melissa Fitzgerald, said. "Many of the issues we discussed may not have even been considered a few years ago, but, with the recent advances in molecular biology and exciting new areas such a...

Slowing the racing heart

...ctor of the center for cardiovascular research and head of physiology and biophysics at UIC. Solaro worked with Yunbo Ke, UIC research assistant professor of physiology and biophysics and first author of the paper, and colleagues in England at Oxford and Manchester on characterizing and isolating the p...

Dinosaur hearing, listening to muscle noise, quieter cubicles

...a jaw muscle used in chewing food-by propping your head (ear down) in the palm of your hand. The low rumbling comes from the shortening of the actomyosin filaments in the muscle fibers. Muscle noise can be measured using various sensors, such as microphones and even skin-mounted accelerometers. Scienti...

From the deep -- Researchers find new species of sea anemone

... manned from the surface," said Daly, who plans to head to Monterey Canyon later this year in hopes of finding more dead whales with A. pearseae roosting on the bones. A successful trip could answer some of Daly's lingering questions about the species itself and, more broadly, may provide clues on how hum...

Herpes infection may be symbiotic, help beat back some bacteria

...nior author Herbert W. "Skip" Virgin, M.D., Ph.D., head of the Department of Pathology and Immunology. "If so, that has public health implications because we would want to very carefully weigh the risks and benefits of eliminating a virus that our bodies have established a symbiotic relationship with." ...

Hives ferment a yeasty brew, attract beetle pest

...te the alarm chemicals with a good food source and head for the hive. In Africa, where the small hive beetle is a minor honeybee pest, bees quickly isolate an invading beetle, but domesticated European honeybees are not as diligent in cleaning their hives. The beetles are also aided in their invasion by a...

Left-right wiring determined by neural communication in the embryonic worm

...hor Cori Bargmann, Torsten N. Wiesel Professor and head of the Laboratory of Neural Circuits and Behavior at Rockefeller. "What is it that sets up this kind of handedness in the brain"" Prior studies had shown that a gene involved in human migraine headaches (an asymmetrical affliction) was involved in...

Fused nasal bones helped tyrannosaurids dismember prey

... such as the Carcharadontosaurus saharicus, with a head nearly one and a half times as long. T. rex's neck...stance, in a split second, a T. rex could toss its head at a 45 degree angle and throw a 50kg person five metres in the air. And that's with conservative e...

Get a whiff of this: Smell test could sniff out serious health problems

...haps the olfactory nerve has been damaged due to a head injury or a viral infection.? For those who are proud of their keen sense of smell, this is not a test to tickle their senses. Because the really nasty smells worked best for the Sniff Magnitude Test, Frank says the test subjects get a whiff of thr...

Corals that can fight global warming may one day help fragile reefs

...ect other fragile coral reefs, Harvell said. The head of the Coral Disease Working Group of the Global Environmental Facility Coral Reef Targeted Research Program, Harvell describes these latest findings in detail in the March issue of the journal Oceanography. The working group is an international coll...

Row over study puts Korea's scientific community under scrutiny again

...ead author was Dr Cha, his former employer and the head of CHA Health Systems, a "global healthcare enterprise" whose interests include the CHA Stem Cell Institute and several hospitals and clinics in Korea and the US. But the BMJ has learnt that the editor in chief of Fertility and Sterility has been ...

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(Date:9/30/2014)... and strawberries all have in common? Unlike most ... and are diploid, these organisms are all polyploid, meaning ... and salmon have 3 and 4 sets of chromosomes, ... seem surprising, in fact most plant species are polyploid. ... century ago, but only recently, with the development of ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... Salk professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, ... named recipients in the 2014 round of grants ... the BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) ... announced September 30, provides more than $3 million ... years. , The BRAIN Initiative, launched last year, ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... of Medicine reports positive results of a phase ... subset of lung cancer marked by rearrangement of the ... with advanced non-small cell lung cancer testing positive for ... with 3 complete responses and 33 partial responses. Median ... disease to resume its growth after being slowed by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Gene doubling shapes the world: Instant speciation, biodiversity, and the root of our existence 2Gene doubling shapes the world: Instant speciation, biodiversity, and the root of our existence 3Gene doubling shapes the world: Instant speciation, biodiversity, and the root of our existence 4Salk scientists receive $3 million for BRAIN Initiative grant 2NEJM: Crizotinib effective in Phase 1 trial against ROS1 lung cancer 2
(Date:10/2/2014)... -- Genes may interact with stress to trigger heart disease ... risk occurs in about 13 percent of people, but only ... people reduce their heart disease risk through simple measures such ... Duke University researchers said. The study authors analyzed genetic ... between variations in the EBF1 gene and higher levels of ...
(Date:10/2/2014)... HealthDay Reporter WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, ... the stops to rescue surgical patients in crisis are ... such heroism is questionable, a new study suggests. ... saving elderly patients with life-threatening complications after major surgery, ... senior author Dr. Amir Ghaferi. He is assistant professor ...
(Date:10/1/2014)... more than 80 per cent of bowel cancers could ... that medicines called ,JAK inhibitors, halted tumour growth in ... in more than 80 per cent of bowel cancers. ... clinical trials, for diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, blood ... second-most common cancer in Australia with nearly 17,000 people ...
(Date:10/1/2014)... (October 1, 2014) Despite a policy focus ... developmental disabilities, this vulnerable population continues to have ... The Journal of the American Dental Association ... and Tufts University School of Dental Medicine report ... influencing at-home oral care provided by caregivers to ...
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