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Tag: "groundwork" at biology news

NIAID expands capability for influenza research and surveillance

...se viruses. Ultimately, these studies will lay the groundwork for developing new and improved control measures for emerging and reemerging flu viruses. Summaries of the six NIAID Centers of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance awards are provided below. St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital,...

Darwin's famous finches and Venter's marine microbes

...f all proteins ever described before ?and laid the groundwork for further studies. Manning, a co-author on Yooseph’s paper, looked at the other side of the coin. He ran all the public sequences and GOS data against Pfam, a collection of signature profiles for all known protein families. Each of these profile...

Report calls for improved monoclonal antibodies against solid tumors

...ors reviewed the literature to illustrate that the groundwork has been laid to overcome these barriers. Researchers, including Dr. Weiner, have made significant advances to understand the optimal antibody affinities required for maximum penetration, even taking into account tumor size. Studies have also investi...

U of S Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization team discovers key step in flu virus replication

...that enable the virus to cause disease, laying the groundwork for antiviral drug development. "Increasingly, new diseases involve both humans and animals," said Andrew Potter,VIDO's Associate Director (Research). "VIDO's background in veterinary research means that when diseases like avian influenza develop...

Particle size matters to bacteria ability to immobilize heavy metals

...r than smaller particles. "This study provides the groundwork for further investigations looking into the influence of particle size in bioreduction rates of various metal oxides ," Bose said. The talk, "Bioreduction kinetics of hematite nanoparticles by Shewanella oneidensisMR-1: Effect of size and mineralo...

The first tree genome is published: Poplar holds promise as renewable bioenergy resource

... black cottonwood or Populus trichocarpa, lays the groundwork that may lead to the development of trees as an ideal "feedstock" for a new generation of biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol. The research is the result of a four-year scientific and technical effort, led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Joint Gen...

Sandia research to focus on early detection of harmful algal blooms

...capability of detection and is expected to lay the groundwork for the development of a reliable, cost-effective prototype to simultaneously analyze multiple HAB toxins in phytoplankton and/or shellfish in the field. Lane and his colleagues will aim to optimize the micro-separations process for a sub-set of rele...

Scientists identify 36 genes, 100 neuropeptides in honey bee brains

...the brain of the honey bee. "This study lays the groundwork for future molecular studies of honey bee neuropeptides with the identification of 36 genes, 33 of which were previously unreported," the researchers write in the Oct. 27 issue of the journal Science. "Neuropeptides come in a bewildering range of s...

Gatekeeping: Penn researchers find new way to open ion channels in cell membranes

...the gating of ion channels and lays the conceptual groundwork for designing new drugs to control ion-channel activity in medical intervention. Voltage-gated ion channels are embedded in the cell membranes of most types of cells. It has been known for over half a century that the channels open and close in re...

Study details hepatitis C ability to block immune system response

...om fundamental studies such as these could lay the groundwork for the development of potential new treatment strategies for this devastating global disease. ...

Connect the Quantum Dots

...ortant fundamental principle and lay the necessary groundwork for researchers to further improve its sensitivity, stability and reproducibility for biomedical applications. "Our method has a long-term impact on biomedical diagnostic applications which currently rely on the fluorescence of organic dyes," says ...

UF scientists restore sight to chickens with blinding disease

...se genetic eye diseases soon, especially after the groundwork for an approved therapy is laid and the therapy works." ...

DNA: Bacteria's survival ration

...s Finkel did in E. coli, the advance might lay the groundwork for a new class of genetic antibiotics. The study did not prove that all DNA decay is microbial. But Finkel discounted the significance of inorganic processes, citing the chemical stability of genetic material. If a thick layer of DNA were exposed t...

Thinner and younger

...ical and cellular level. "This study has laid the groundwork for future research into the long-term effects of calorie restriction in humans to see whether it really can extend lifespan," Holloszy says. "It's becoming clear from studies with the CRONies -- and from this brief, prospective study -- that calorie...

A new way of looking at molecular motors

...n available about these essential proteins, laying groundwork for development of treatments for conditions ranging from certain kinds of blindness and kidney disease to neurodegenerative disorders and parasitic diseases such as malaria. All complex organisms use myosin and its relatives, kinesin and dynein, t...

Illinois pig to make history as source of first complete swine genome

... Trust Sanger Institute in the United Kingdom. The groundwork for the project has grown over time at Illinois, through extensive swine research, the development of genetic tools and a campus commitment to pursue genome-related research with the establishment of the Institute for Genomic Biology, Schook said. L...

Scaled-down genome may power up E. coli's ability in lab, industry

...e at a time," Brown said. According to Brown, the groundwork for this research was laid about 20 years ago when scientists first learned about the genes that regulate embryonic development in the fruit fly. She said one question that many scientists have been asking since is do other insects have those same ge...

K-State researchers study gene regulation in insects

...e at a time," Brown said. According to Brown, the groundwork for this research was laid about 20 years ago when scientists first learned about the genes that regulate embryonic development in the fruit fly. She said one question that many scientists have been asking since is do other insects have those same ge...

Science's Breakthrough of the Year: Watching evolution in action

...itions from AIDS to heart disease, and may lay the groundwork for a future of personalized genetic medicine. This year's sequencing of the 1918 pandemic flu virus could have a more immediate impact on medicine. The amazing story of flu genes preserved in permafrost and painstakingly reconstructed has a chillin...

Learning how SARS spikes its quarry

...son, Farzan and his colleagues laid the scientific groundwork for determining the structure of the spike-ACE2 complex. In 2003, Farzan's team discovered that the ACE2 protein is the receptor for the SARS virus. They also identified a specific fragment of the spike protein that is involved in viral attachment. ...

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