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Tag: "genetics" at biology news

Genomic Analysis Uncovers New Targets for HIV Vaccine

...e's Barton Haynes, M.D. It took the international genetics team, called EuroCHAVI, pooling their cohorts of carefully selected patients and using the latest in genome-wide screening technology, 18 months to discover the three genes, that together greatly increase our knowledge of why patients differ in how w...

Researchers discover inherited mutation for leukemia

...ssor of molecular virology, immunology and medical genetics and a researcher with the Ohio State human cancer genetics program. "It does not shut down the gene, but just lowers its expression somewhat. "Recently, ma...

Research team identifies new Alzheimer's gene

...y genes. The search revealed GAB2. Based on the genetics of this and other neuroscientific findings, resear...e hope that this study, along with the genome-wide genetics studies to come, will contribute to the clarification of Alzheimer’s risk factors and disease mechan...

Breakthrough developments in rheumatoid arthritis reported

...spital of Philadelphia, The Feinstein will release genetics data on approximately 6,000 normal volunteers. A company that designs new genetic testing technology, Illumina, Inc. will maintain the database and make it available to scientists. The data will not include personal identifiers but scientists will h...

Mutating the entire genome

...chi, distinguished professor and co-chair of human genetics at the University of Utah and an investigator for ...nome,” says Sen Wu, a postdoctoral fellow in human genetics at the University of Utah and HHMI. “The best way to know the function of the genetic blueprint is b...

Fat fish put obesity on the hook

...diseases because it has a backbone and because its genetics have been well described. This is one more example...asic experimental biology – zoology physiology and genetics in this case – can be brought to bear on human problems.” According the U.S. Centers for Diseas...

Revealed -- Mosquito genes that could be controlling the spread of killer viruses

...ficance of their study, saying: “Understanding the genetics behind pathogen/immune system interactions in disease vector mosquitoes may help us understand why, for example, some types of mosquitoes can transmit a particular human pathogen while others cannot. If those that cannot have evolved an effective imm...

Understanding why C. difficile causes disease -- it's hungry

Researchers studying the genetics behind why C. difficile causes disease have come to a simple conclusion -- the bacteria do it because they are starving. That just might help them find a new treatment for what can sometimes be a very difficult disease to treat. "The genes responsi...

Experimental gene therapy 'abolishes' arthritis pain and lessens joint damage

...the nerve endings," said Kyrkanides, whose work on genetics in dentistry led to broader applications. The common ground between arthritis and dentistry: a common site of arthritic pain is the jaw joint. Study Details Proteins called receptors are built into the outer surfaces of human cells, enabling ...

Genetic roots of bipolar disorder revealed by first genome-wide study of illness

...leagues. "This is an example of how advances in genetics research feed into practical applications. This r...ults. "We're beginning to get a foothold on the genetics of this complex brain disorder," said NIMH Director Thomas R. Insel, MD. Most people occasionally...

Scientists seek useful traits in wild cottons

...limiting fiber quality and yield potential, narrow genetics makes them more susceptible to insects and disease." Gannaway and other scientists believe future progress in cotton breeding can only be achieved if sufficient genetic variability remains in global breeding stocks. The mission of t...

Do fruit flies have free will?

...d animals differ". The next step will be to use genetics to localize and understand the brain circuits responsible for the spontaneous behavior. This step could lead directly to the development of robots with the capacity for spontaneous nonrandom behavior and may help combating disorders leading to compro...

NIDA study identifies genes that might help some people abstain from smoking

... Volkow. “It marks a movement from identifying the genetics of addiction vulnerability to identifying the genetic basis of successful abstinence. This knowledge could impact the success rate of cessation programs by helping health care providers choose the most appropriate treatment based on individual differ...

Stanford-led study closes in on genes that may predispose some people to severe depression

...is is one of the first big linkage studies on the genetics of depression." Researchers learned that depression is influenced by genetics by studying patterns of depression in twins and families. No single gene is thought responsible fo...

Good behavior, religiousness may be genetic

...large impacts on behavior, but studies in behavior genetics are repeatedly showing that our behavior is also influenced by our genes," says Koenig....

Gene found for rare disorder may reveal new pathway in mental retardation

...utations that give rise to a rare genetic disease, genetics researchers have identified a novel biological pat...der Ian D. Krantz, M.D., a specialist in pediatric genetics at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Dr. Krantz and his co-author, Laird S. Jackson, M.D., of...

Veterinary scientists explore poultry virus as cancer killer

...o target prostate cancer specifically. Reverse genetics is the process of generating a recombinant virus f...iral genome, explains Subbiah. Through the reverse genetics system, recombinant viruses can be designed to have specific properties that make them attractive as...

Horse genome assembled

...sequence and its implications for horse population genetics is being planned for the future. ...

Misclassified for centuries, medicinal leeches found to be 3 distinct species

...processes such as blood coagulation, developmental genetics and neurobiology. Studies of commercial specimens have figured prominently in the discovery and production of anticoagulants and protease inhibitors, some of which may have cancer-fighting properties. That researchers have been mistakenly using Hi...

Researchers find gene mutation that causes infertility in male mice

... caused the infertility. While most studies on the genetics of fertility stem from analyses of mice that have had a custom gene "knockout," this is the first to reveal a dominant mutation that leads specifically to infertility in a mammal. The researchers believe this kind of dominant effect is closer to how ...

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(Date:7/10/2014)... ANN ARBOR Because the strong currents in the ... rupture of the oil pipeline beneath the channel would ... and Huron, according to a new University of Michigan ... one scenario examined in the study and accompanying animations, ... and Round Island after 12 hours and Bois Blanc ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Anoplolepis gracilipes is ranked amongst the top 100 worst ... on islands. A new study published in the open access ... effects and dangers of the introduction of the yellow crazy ... of the Valle de Mai, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, ... Mai is a unique ecosystem containing many endemic species, including ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... YORK, NY (July 10, 2014) Columbia University Medical ... personalized gene therapies for patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), ... first of its kind, takes advantage of induced pluripotent ... retinal cells, which are then used as a patient-specific ... this approach, researchers led by Stephen H. Tsang, MD, ...
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(Date:7/9/2014)... associated with a small increased risk of prostate cancer, ... cancer according to a new study from Harvard School ... association remained even among men who received regular PSA ... be explained by diagnostic bias. It is the largest ... the link between vasectomy and prostate cancer. , The ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... CHICAGO After Susan Wakulich was told she had an ... lay ahead of her. , "I was devastated," said Wakulich, ... suburbs. "I knew this was a serious diagnosis. Then I ... trial that involved a less invasive procedure. It was something ... is participating in a multi-center U.S. clinical trial to evaluate ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... that captures heretofore hidden ways that cells are regulated, ... makes breast cancer cells more likely to metastasize. , ... in part by blocking two other proteins that are ... two disease processes could have unexpected ties. , ... of Nature , points to the possibility of ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... scientific research into the metabolism of stromal support cells ... metabolism of these cell types in the development of ... inflammatory conditions and cancer. That was the conclusion of ... Leuven in the leading journal Nature . , ... of wake-up call. The metabolism of cancer cells has ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... R.I. Researchers have found that fecal transplantation ... in immunocompromised patients. This is the result of ... in the Center for Women,s Gastrointestinal Medicine at The ... been published online in advance of print in the ... difficile , or C. diff , has increased ...
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