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Tag: "fungi" at biology news

Could fungal collection hold the key to new life-saving drugs?

...rug Research (SIDR) with extracts from filamentous fungi which will be screened to identify pharmaceuticall...CABI’s collection taken one step further, with the fungi being exploited for natural products. Although using biotechnology to develop new drugs is by no ...

Early exposure to indoor fungus molecules may protect infants against future allergies

...their glucan content and allergenic proteins. Some fungi also contain mycotoxins that can contribute to disease," adds Tiina Reponen, PhD, professor of environmental health and corresponding author of the study. "Exposure to indoor molds during infancy may be associated with respiratory symptoms, such as p...

Scientists identify prion's infectious secret

...ion could not recruit peptides from the pathogenic fungi cells, and vice versa. To further verify these...ieces of both the baker’s yeast and the pathogenic fungi prion. Earlier studies had shown that this synthetic prion could cross the species barrier but did n...

Natural antibiotics yield secrets to atom-level imaging technique

...ddition to fighting bacteria, AMPs attack viruses, fungi and even cancer cells, so drugs designed to mimic them could have widespread medical applications, said Ramamoorthy, who is an associate professor of chemistry and an associate research scientist in the Biophysics Research Division. While research...

New recommendations against a major opportunistic infection -- cryptococcosis

...pact of the initial "fungal load" (the quantity of fungi in the organism) and the evolution of cryptococcosis according to the particular antifungal drugs used. In light of all of the factors analysed, the authors advocate that all patients in whom a diagnosis of cryptococcosis has been established shou...

Antifungal drug kills TB bug

...systemic and more superficial infections caused by fungi such as Candida albicans (the causative agent of thrush). "The class of drugs called azoles are able to kill off fungal infections by blocking the actions of one of its P450s that is essential for maintaining the cell structure," said Professor Mu...

New mechanism for nutrient uptake discovered

...s regulation. Since plants, animals, bacteria, and fungi all share similar genes for this activity, the sci...all of these organisms—cyanobacteria in the ocean, fungi that grow on grapes and make our wine, plants that provide our food—and even in our kidneys, which e...

Stopping plants from getting sick

...ful masses of fungal spores instead of seeds. Some fungi can even make infected plants smell like rotting f...these infections and to develop fungicides to stop fungi in their tracks. He spent his childhood on Oregon wheat farms and witnessed first-hand the damage th...

Meeting the ethanol challenge: Scientists use supercomputer to target cellulose bottleneck

Termites and fungi already know how to digest cellulose, but the human process of producing ethanol from cellulose remains slow and expensive. The central bottleneck is the sluggish rate at which the cellulose enzyme complex breaks down tightly bound cellulose into sug...

Immunization rates hit record high in poor countries

...based fungal micro-factory." Instead of growing fungi in a conventional factory and then transporting it...est, they believe they can get the adelgid-killing fungi to reproduce in large numbers on its own. "The sweet whey only costs 32 cents a pound," says Cos...

Fungal factories may save hemlock forests

...based fungal micro-factory." Instead of growing fungi in a conventional factory and then transporting it...est, they believe they can get the adelgid-killing fungi to reproduce in large numbers on its own. "The sweet whey only costs 32 cents a pound," says Cos...

Einstein researchers demonstrate a novel approach to treating AIDS

...pneumonia; and now HIV. The researchers zapped the fungi and bacteria directly, but, in the case of HIV, they aimed for the immune cells that the virus infects. In this study their target was the protein gp41, one of several proteins in the HIV-1 virus that are "displayed" on the surface of HIV-1-infecte...

Tiny Tampa Bay fish key to evolution of immune system

... organisms might have." Organisms such as plants, fungi and primitive animal life are classified as having an innate immune system, which defends against invaders by recognizing predetermined patterns of molecules. About 520 million years ago, a different form of immunity emerged - the adaptive immune sys...

Hopkins scientists link immune response to 'ghost' parasites and severely congested sinuses

...is, Lane notes, may promote growth of bacteria and fungi in the nose, which is a common finding in those with chronic sinusitis with polyps. ...

Researchers barcode DNA of Venice museum's vast fungi collection

... from the largest and best preserved collection of fungi in Italy to create an unprecedented DNA database. These 28,000 samples of fungi that represent 6,000 species - many of which are quite rare - are housed at the Venice Museum of Nat...

Fragmentation rapidly erodes Amazonian biodiversity

...ad rainforest trees is broken down by microbes and fungi to become carbon dioxide, the most important greenhouse gas. “Fragmentation is affecting the forest in a lot of ways,?said Laurance. “These changes occur remarkably fast, and when you completely alter something as basic as the trees, the other ...

Scientists' cell discovery unearths evolutionary clues

...h a genetic diversity that is greater than that of fungi and similar to that of all animals. They offer an excellent experimental system for studying aspects of evolution and communication that are not easy to study in more complex multi-cellular organisms. The York and Dundee teams have worked with fi...

Gene therapy prevents the onset of diabetic symptoms in mice

... found that the communities of mycorrhizae -- soil fungi that help provide more nutrients to plant roots -- were substantially greater around the roots of both seedlings and mature sugar maples in the treated plot. Future research will explore the relationship between mycorrhizae and acid rain. Though p...

Acid rain causing decline in sugar maples, say researchers

... found that the communities of mycorrhizae -- soil fungi that help provide more nutrients to plant roots -- were substantially greater around the roots of both seedlings and mature sugar maples in the treated plot. Future research will explore the relationship between mycorrhizae and acid rain. Though p...

Potato blight pathogenicity explained by genome plasticity

...d tubers; damage to the tuber surface allows other fungi and bacteria to enter and destroy the core, often resulting in a foul odor. P. infestans is related to approximately 65 other pathogens that cause similar damage to commercial crops as well as natural vegetation. In the potato- Phytophthora syst...

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