Tag: "findings" at biology news
Carnegie Mellon scientists find key HIV protein makes cell membranes bend more easily
...tion occurs so readily,” said Tristram-Nagle. “Our findings
definitely will change how theoreticians think about virus-cell interactions. This same phenomenon could provide a general way that viruses use to infect cells, so it will be exciting to look at other viral systems with our experimental method,” she ...
Genomic Analysis Uncovers New Targets for HIV Vaccine
...f full-blown AIDS. The researchers expect the new findings
to aid the search for an HIV vaccine that would wo...nd is the first large cooperative study with major findings
arising from the Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology, (CHAVI) a seven-year project funded by the ...
Scratch no more: Gene for itch sensation discovered
... itch sensation in the central nervous system. The findings
are reported this week in Nature through advance online publication. Chronic itching is a widespread problem. It can be caused by skin disorders like eczema, or it can stem from a deeper problem such as kidney failure or liver disease. It can be a s...
Researchers discover inherited mutation for leukemia
...s a chemical change that is not inherited. The findings
could help identify people at risk for chronic leu...ll growth, and that lead to tumor growth. "Our findings
identify for the first time a gene that appears to be associated with hereditary CLL," says coauthor...
Cells re-energize to come back from the brink of death
...tain genes that prevent or repair cell damage. The findings
also suggest that the increase in GAPDH provides energy to increase autophagy—the process by which a cell “chews up” debris and broken components, such as damaged mitochondria. After disposing of damaged mitochondria the cell can replace these vital ...
Brain inflammation may be friend, not foe, for Alzheimer's patients
...e or injury only adds to the brain’s woes, the new findings
show that the opposite may be true when it comes t... to be detrimental in people with the disease. The findings
could also renew efforts to develop a vaccine or other strategies against Alzheimer’s by engaging th...
Blood test may help signal tumor's remission, return in throat cancer patients
...requently exhibited a return of throat cancer. The findings
could help lead to the development of a blood test that enables doctors to detect the recurrence of throat cancer early on, when there is still time to pursue a second line of treatment, such as surgery or drug therapy. “Cancers of the head and neck...
Liver cancer patients with high serum levels of hepatitis B virus face poorer outcomes
...f Liver Diseases (AASLD), researchers report their findings
from the first-ever study examining the prognostic value of serum HBV DNA levels for patients with liver cancer undergoing chemotherapy. They found that patients with high pre-chemotherapy levels of HBV DNA had a significantly increased incidence of ...
Soils offer new hope as carbon sink
... the same time has been reinforced by new research findings
at NSW Department of Primary Industries' (DPI) Wollongbar Agricultural Institute. Trials of agrichar - a product hailed as a saviour of Australia's carbon-depleted soils and the environment - have doubled and, in one case, tripled crop growth when a...
Researchers find 24 species believed new to science in Suriname rainforest
...cts. Presented in a report made public today, the findings
from a 2005 expedition led by Conservation International’s Rapid Assessment Program (RAP) and a follow-up survey in 2006 demonstrate the value of exploring unknown regions such as Suriname’s rainforest to assess the need to conserve them. The stud...
Gene therapy delivery of nerve growth factors reverses erectile dysfunction in animal model
...f Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers. These findings
are being presented at the 10th annual meeting of the American Society of Gene Therapy, which is convening May 30 to June 3 at the Washington State Convention & Trade Center, Seattle. ED is the repeated inability to achieve or maintain an erecti...
Simulations unravel outer membrane transport mechanism
...m by which bacteria take up large molecules. Their findings
provide a rare window on the complex interplay of proteins involved in the active transport of materials across cell membranes. Their study, which includes a collaborator from the University of Virginia, appears online in the Biophysical Journal and...
Snoring in children might be an allergic type disease
...een monitored since before they were born. “Our findings
were consistent with the view that snoring forms p...iseases in childhood,” he said. While the study findings
are limited to children with rhinitis, Dr Marshall explained the observed associations with risk fac...
Research team identifies new Alzheimer's gene
...ne of the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease. If the findings
are confirmed, this discovery could provide a target for future Alzheimer’s therapeutic drugs. “We hope that this study, along with the genome-wide genetics studies to come, will contribute to the clarification of Alzheimer’s risk factors and dise...
Loss of stem cells correlates with premature aging in animal study
...ant Professor of Cancer Biology. “We believe these findings
may be helpful to the aging and oncology fields since premature aging syndromes and many cancers involve the loss of DNA repair genes.” When the researchers deleted ATR in the tissues of adult mice, they noticed that the mice showed signs of prema...
Pesticides choke pathway for nature to produce nitrogen for crops
...genes. Fox and colleagues began detailing their findings
in the journal Nature (2001) and Environmental Hea...ro assays. The paper in PNAS reports their in-vivo findings
using real plants and bacteria. None of the chemicals used in the research, including PCP, proved...
Study shows big power of small RNAs, not just proteins, in halting cancer
...o trigger the genetic death of cancer cells. “Our findings
certainly lead to a deeper understanding of a critical tumor suppression mechanism but also may provide insight into how to best engage the p53 pathway to treat cancer by killing tumor cells,” said He. ...
In mice, drug protects against diabetes and atherosclerosis
...2 protein. In 2006, the scientists published their findings
that individuals with a genetic variation of aP2 helps to protect humans against type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and hypertriglyceridemia. See here for more information. Now that the importance of this gene in diabetes and heart disease was clear ...
Longer treatment benefits sleep apnea patients
...tment and after three months of CPAP therapy. The findings
suggest that most patients should use CPAP for at ...nt response to CPAP therapy can vary, these latest findings
provide a yardstick to help clinicians assess whether a patient's use is optimal....
Brain holds clues to bipolar disorder
...nosing and treating bipolar disorder, according to findings
being presented today at the Seventh International...ned many other observations about the disease. The findings
suggest a new avenue for treating the underlying cause of bipolar, rather than treating flare-ups of...
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