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Tag: "figure" at biology news

Brightening prospects of using fluorescent nanotubes in medical applications

... ways to use them in clinical applications.” The figure of merit for fluorescence is quantum efficiency: the ratio of the number of photons of light that a device emits to the number of photons it absorbs in the process. The VINSE team reports that they can produce populations containing trillions of nano...

Breakthrough developments in rheumatoid arthritis reported

...ic building blocks of life – the human genome – to figure out what makes these people susceptible to the disabling inflammatory condition. Dr. Gregersen has finally closed the circle between key genes identified in his laboratory at the Robert S. Boas Center for Genomics and Human Genetics at The Feinstei...

Australian wins prestigious prize in biodiversity informatics

...the 2007 Prizewinner, “Paul Flemons has been a key figure in developing a robust and accessible biodiversity data infrastructure that supports visualization and analysis for use in conservation planning and natural resource decision-making." Further, the Committee said, "As a software developer, Flemons...

Scientists close in on missing carbon sink

...e paper and coordinator of the TransCom study. "To figure out exactly what is happening, we need improved models and more atmospheric observations."...

'Smart' mice teach scientists about learning process, brain disorders

...ning than their normal cousins, and are quicker to figure out that their environment has changed, a team led by researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center has found. The results, appearing today in the online edition of the journal Nature Neuroscience , reveal a new mechanism of learning in the brain...

For many insects, winter survival is in the genes

...erance in insects." He said the next step is to figure out the unique functions of each heat-shock protein. "We assume it's not simply redundancy in the system, but that each protein makes a unique contribution somehow," Denlinger said. "This protective mechanism is much more complex than we envisione...

'Personality-gene' makes songbirds curious

...il a bird had visited four artificial "trees" (see figure 1) after being released in the observation room. I...age. One such novel object was a pink panther (see figure 2). The results from the group of selected birds were confirmed with data from free-living, unse...

Brain's white matter -- More 'talkative' than once thought

...Bergles and his team studied nearby nerve cells to figure out where the glutamate might be coming from. By forcing single nerve cells to become excited one at a time, they discovered that as electrical impulses are carried along the nerves, glutamate is released and causes electrical signals in the OPCs....

Anthrax paralyzes immune cells with lethal toxin, UF research shows

... Southwick said. "In an individual cell, you can't figure out where the actin is assembling and what's controlling it. But Listeria seems to use the same pathways that a cell uses to crawl. So anything that blocks Listeria we predict would also block neutrophils from crawling. And that's what we found."...

Newborn neurons like to hang with the 'in' crowd

...s Toni, Ph.D., who headed the current study. To figure out how the newcomers do it, the Salk researchers injected a virus carrying the gene for green fluorescent protein into the hippocampus, a brain region harboring neural stem cells that give rise to new neurons. Newly born neurons infected with virus ...

HIV survival improves if patients stay in care

...sits in all four quarters. "The next step is to figure out how to get them to stay in care," said Giordano. He plans to look for ways to intervene in this process. He is now studying a group of people who are newly diagnosed with HIV in Houston to evaluate the effects of knowledge about the disease socio...

Sleepless for science: Flies show link between sleep, immune system in Stanford study

...enes that are involved in the process, and then go figure out exactly how they are rewired to work in the human. The fly is really good for prospecting." ...

Hives ferment a yeasty brew, attract beetle pest

... system works, there is a good possibility we will figure out ways to protect against the beetle," says Tumlinson. Honeybees in the U.S. and Europe have been suffering from a variety of invaders and ailments including varroa mite infestations, fungal infections and beetles. Recently, beekeepers in the U....

Left-right wiring determined by neural communication in the embryonic worm

... was happening earlier that researchers had yet to figure out. Bargmann, who also is an investigator at the ...oping mammalian brain, but researchers have yet to figure out exactly what it does. In worms, at least, they now know that it's involved in differentiating th...

Deconstructing brain wiring, one neuron at a time

...nted with "is akin to a computer user who tries to figure out how the machine's electronic chip works by looking down at it; there is no way to figure out how things are connected," Callaway says. "If you were given a wiring diagram, you could begin t...

Bones in motion: Brown scientists to create new 3-D X-ray system

...s, but not 3-D. An orthopedic surgeon trying to figure out the best way to repair a torn knee ligament or an evolutionary biologist tracing the disappearance of digits in pigs would face a difficult task. To see the exact position and movement of bones and the ligaments, tendons and cartilage that surrou...

Cloning the smell of the seaside

...thor of 'Tarka the Otter'. A more controversial figure from Siffkey's past was its rector, Rev Harold Davidson, who was defrocked in 1932 after allegedly 'cavorting with' London prostitutes. He later joined a circus and died after being mauled to death by a lion in Skegness. The UEA scientists are hoping...

Researchers find link between food odors and lifespan in fruit flies

... continue to work on the model organisms to try to figure out what the actual mechanism is, and then you can... continue to work on the model organisms to try to figure out what the actual mechanism is, and then you can try to apply it to people," he said. "The pharmac...

2 brains -- 1 thought

...networks of a defined dynamics resembles a complex figure in a multidimensional space. Here, every point on the surface specifies the data required to determine a network with the desired dynamics. Memmesheimer and Timme have now worked out a mathematical description for this figure. The researchers exam...

A 'traffic light' for neurons means 'go' for improving brain research

...ent neurons have could ultimately help researchers figure out the workings of healthy and unhealthy brain circuits, explains graduate student Feng Zhang, a lead author of the paper along with Stanford postdoctoral scholar Li-Ping Wang. If use of the technique can show that altered activity in a particular k...

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