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Tag: "field" at biology news

UCSB scientists probe sea floor venting to gain understanding of early life on Earth

...SB scientists are making new contributions to this field of inquiry in their studies of seafloor hydrothermal fluid discharge into the Earth's oceans, which has been occurring ever since the oceans first formed four billion years ago. Conditions below the sea floor may most closely mimic the environment wh...

UAB scientists discover the origin of a mysterious physical force

...tracted towards the direction in which an electric field is pointing. However, when the water is in contact with surfaces that create small electric fields, such as chemical compounds like those found in many detergents, this is no longer the case: the water molecules have a remarkable capacity to organise...

Yellowstone microbes fueled by hydrogen, according to U. of Colorado study

...robial bioenergetics.Thermodynamic models based on field data confirmed that hydrogenmetabolism was the most likely fuel source in these environments."This work presents some interesting associated questions," said JohnSpear, lead author of the report. "Hydrogen is the most abundantelement in the universe....

New, automated tool successfully classifies and relates proteins in unprecedented way

...iotechnology. "Ourapproach really enables the new field of location proteomics, whichdescribes and relates the location of proteins within cells," saidMurphy, a professor of biological sciences, machine learning, andbiomedical engineering. "This work should provide a more thoroughunderstanding of cellular...

Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer

... disease can be fatal, especially in children. One field study in Bangladesh found that E. histolytica infection occurred at least once in 80 percent of 300 children. Over a period of four years, about a third of the children suffered from amebic colitis, an ulceration of the stomach lining. Petri says th...

Another Look Finds Promising Proteomics Test is Not Biologically Plausible

... others maintain that the promise of this emerging field of proteomics has not yet been met due to the difficulty in finding complex, reproducible patterns of proteins. According to Baggerly, that now appears to be the case with the experimental ovarian cancer test at issue, which was first proposed in 20...

New species from old data

... others maintain that the promise of this emerging field of proteomics has not yet been met due to the difficulty in finding complex, reproducible patterns of proteins. According to Baggerly, that now appears to be the case with the experimental ovarian cancer test at issue, which was first proposed in 20...

Cracking the olfactory code in bees

... others maintain that the promise of this emerging field of proteomics has not yet been met due to the difficulty in finding complex, reproducible patterns of proteins. According to Baggerly, that now appears to be the case with the experimental ovarian cancer test at issue, which was first proposed in 20...

Signaling protein builds bigger, better bones in mice

... others maintain that the promise of this emerging field of proteomics has not yet been met due to the difficulty in finding complex, reproducible patterns of proteins. According to Baggerly, that now appears to be the case with the experimental ovarian cancer test at issue, which was first proposed in 20...

Transplantation Of Monkey Embryonic Stem Cells Reverses Parkinson Disease In Primates

...tage of humantrials over 15 years ago, however the field is still in its infancy.Researchers from Kyoto University have now shown thatdopamine-producing neurons (DA neurons) generated from monkey embryonicstem cells and transplanted into areas of the brain where these neuronshave degenerated in a monkey mo...

Inexpensive, mass-produced genes core of synthetic biology advances at UH

...om. Similar advances are beingmade in the emerging field of synthetic biology at the University ofHouston, now allowing researchers to inexpensively program the chemicalsynthesis of entire genes on a single microchip.Xiaolian Gao, a professor in the department of biology and biochemistryat UH, works at the...

Study Links Ebola Outbreaks To Animal Carcasses

...isk that can be avoided," said Dr. William Karesh, field veterinarian for the Wildlife Conservation Society and a co-author on the paper. "What we need now is improved awareness of this risk in communities where bushmeat is still a source of sustenance and continued monitoring of wildlife in the region. We...

Researchers reveal the infectious impact of salmon farms on wild salmon

...e outbreaks in wild salmon. The study combined new field techniques that allowed comprehensive, individual ...vers undermines this natural coping strategy. The field study also discovered a new cause for alarm: once the young salmon pass the farm and pick up the sea...

Spider Venom Could Yield Eco-Friendly Insecticides

...l-molecule mimics of the toxins in preparation for field trials. The Blue Mountains funnel-web spider is not the only source of insect-specific neurotoxins. Thousands of spider species yet to be studied represent an untapped reservoir of diverse insecticidal compounds that could do more than control agric...

Scientists decipher genome of fungus that can cause life-threatening infections

...n a project that already has benefited animportant field of biomedical research, scientists have deciphered thegenomes of two closely related strains of Cryptococcus neoformans, afungus whose importance as a human pathogen has risen in parallel withthe HIV/AIDS worldwide epidemic and the increased use ofim...

Weill Cornell Research Reveals Secrets Of Trafficking Within Cells

...tanding of clathrin, should really help crack this field wide open." The study was funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health and the Irma T. Hirschl Trust. Co-researchers included Dr. Charles T. Yokoyama and Howard S. Moskowitz, both of the Department of Biochemistry at Weill Cornell Medica...

Discovery of key protein's shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine

...bines radio wave emissions and a powerful magnetic field todetermine the structure of proteins suspended in solutions, while CDmeasures differences in the absorption of different types of polarizedlight by molecules to determine their shape. It also can show how thatshape can change when the protein intera...

New comparative toxicogenomics database

...bines radio wave emissions and a powerful magnetic field todetermine the structure of proteins suspended in solutions, while CDmeasures differences in the absorption of different types of polarizedlight by molecules to determine their shape. It also can show how thatshape can change when the protein intera...

Alcohol's effects on gene expression in the central nervous system

...pplied to brain function are just beginning in the field of alcoholism. Several years ago, it was impossible to analyze more than a handful of these genes, however, microarray technology has changed that." Symposium speakers at the June 2004 Research Society on Alcoholism meeting in Vancouver, B.C. presen...

New protein discovered by Hebrew University researchers

...oping medicinal applications in therapidly growing field of nanobiotechnology.SP-1 nanocapsules will be capable of delivering cell-destroying drugsspecifically to certain types of solid cancer tumors. The protein'stiny structure enables this carrier to penetrate specifically intotumors without harming heal...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... meeting painted a stark warning on the possible effects ... greenhouse effect 32 times that of carbon dioxide. Now ... substances act as fully regenerable electron acceptors which helps ... wetlands instead of being released to the atmosphere. However, ... it may enter into a vicious cycle to release ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Medical Branch at Galveston are the first to ... cervical cancer should begin colorectal cancer screening earlier ... finding a high incidence of secondary colorectal cancers ... new recommendations that the younger women in this ... after their initial cervical cancer diagnosis instead of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... View of Domestication," a special feature of The ... ( PNAS ) published April 29, raises a ... deep history that most of us take for granted. ... in many spots around the globe shifted from hunting ... and plants. , It seems so straightforward and yet ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Methane climate change risk suggested by proof of redox cycling of humic substances 2Radiation therapy for cervical cancer increases risk for colorectal cancer 2Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 2Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 3Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 4
(Date:4/17/2014)... Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, MD, was recently invited to ... Nature Reviews Microbiology , one of the ... world-renowned infectious disease specialist, and chair of the ... Health Science Center, analyzed the epidemiology and microbiology ... pandemics, as well as more recent 2009 novel ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Il. (April 17, 2014) Doctors who treat ... called lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) can face an agonizing treatment ... of the disease and help relieve shortness of ... transplants, and sirolimus can cause potentially fatal complications ... pulmonologist Dr. Daniel Dilling, medical director of Loyola ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 17, 2014-- Colic affects about one in five infants ... pediatric visits during the first several months after birth. ... was showing promise; however, the April 1, 2014 issue ... Valerie) reported on a study, "Probiotics and Infant Colic," ... reuteri for infant colic did not reduce ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 17, 2014 EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit ... issues, published a comprehensive review today examining the current ... virus. The review calls for improved global surveillance strategies ... the recent outbreak of Ebola in West Africa that ... countries of Guinea and Liberia. According to the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... team led by Cesar A. Arias, M.D., Ph.D., at ... (UTHealth) has identified a new superbug that caused a ... in the April 17 issue of The New ... is part of a class of highly-resistant bacteria known ... is a major cause of hospital and community-associated infections. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Patients with rare lung disease face agonizing treatment dilemma 2Health News:Patients with rare lung disease face agonizing treatment dilemma 3Health News:New study says probiotic use for infant colic is not effective in reducing symptoms 2Health News:Re-emergence of Ebola focuses need for global surveillance strategies 2Health News:Re-emergence of Ebola focuses need for global surveillance strategies 3Health News:New MRSA superbug emerges in Brazil 2
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