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Tag: "exploit" at biology news

Plants respond similarly to signals from friends, enemies

... may have actually acquired genes from rhizobia to exploit this signal pathway," Bird says. ### The research was funded by the National Science Foundation and the North Carolina Research Station. "Root-knot Nematodes and Bacterial Nod Factors Elicit Common Signal Transduction Events in Lotus japonicus" Au...

Study finds more than one-third of human genome regulated by RNA

...ls should help scientists tounderstand how best to exploit siRNAs for treating disease....

NYU researchers simulate molecular biological clock

...ls should help scientists tounderstand how best to exploit siRNAs for treating disease....

Measuring the impact of post-genomics on Mediterranean populations

...f this research priority, among others, is to help exploit ?in this post-genomic era ?the “unprecedented opportunities for generating new knowledge and translating it into applications that enhance human health? To achieve this, they continue, fundamental and applied research is needed and supported, stressi...

Chemical Engineer Kao Explores Antibiotic Synthesis With DNA Chips

... competing for resources. Pharmaceutical companies exploit this property to manufacture drugs, but the proces...a "reverse engineering" strategy to learn from and exploit drug-company mutants--in this case the bacterial species that produces erythromycin, an antibiotic g...

Studies reveal how plague disables immune system, and how to exploit the process to make a vaccine

...er, many people have worried that terrorists could exploit Y. pestis as a weapon, spreading it widely and rapidly as an aerosol rather than through fleabites and rodents. Contracted this way -- infecting the lungs rather than the bloodstream -- the disease is known as pneumonic plague. This form of the infec...

Fungus-farming termites descend from an African rain forest Eve

...ed both humans and their domesticated organisms to exploit unfavourable areas more effectively and to reach far higher population densities than each of their non-agricultural relatives can alone. Furthermore, besides their agricultural proficiency, fungus-farming termites resemble humans in another respect:...

Certain fish have a special mating preference

...ly represent gonopodium mimics that evolutionarily exploit a pre-existing sensory bias in females," he said. "That is, male ornamentation of the tail fin may have evolved largely due to the pre-existing preference for an elongate structure of a similar shape -- the gonopodium." ...

IMF Launches World’s First DNA Database for Myeloma Patients

...ly represent gonopodium mimics that evolutionarily exploit a pre-existing sensory bias in females," he said. "That is, male ornamentation of the tail fin may have evolved largely due to the pre-existing preference for an elongate structure of a similar shape -- the gonopodium." ...

Why were the HIV prevention trials in commercial sex workers abandoned?

...S Exceptionalism', the last in the sense that they exploit their HIV-positive status to get away with behavior that would not be accepted from others." "Those who will suffer the most from the misguided ethical imperialism that derailed the PREP trials do not live in Paris, but as usual in Nairobi, Johannes...

Hide and seek: Researchers discover a new way for infectious bacteria to enter cells

...rding to Cossart, suggests that other bacteria may exploit the same mechanism to gain entry into non-phagocytic cells. "This mechanism of cell entry may be used by several different kinds of bacteria, which is a major deviation from the belief that endocytosis is strictly for importing small molecules into c...

Gene discovery sheds light on causes of rare disease, cancer

...rding to Cossart, suggests that other bacteria may exploit the same mechanism to gain entry into non-phagocytic cells. "This mechanism of cell entry may be used by several different kinds of bacteria, which is a major deviation from the belief that endocytosis is strictly for importing small molecules into c...

A novel method to measure circadian cycles

...ne, future genetic studies of circadian rhythm may exploit the method developed by Schibler and colleagues to explore questions about the exact relationship between the suprachiasmatic nucleus and the circadian rhythms of cultured fibroblast cells. Just how does this brain structure coordinate genetic impera...

Columbia scientists develop cancer terminator viruses

...colon cancer - because the virus is constructed to exploit a characteristic of all solid cancers. However, clinical trials are necessary before such treatments can be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and available for patients. These publications are a continuation of research published in...

US/African project deciphers deadly parasite genome

...rucial to help African institutions understand and exploit genomic data for product development. The T. parva project was funded by the TIGR Board of Trustees; ILRI; prize money donated by TIGR's chairman, J. Craig Venter; and the United Kingdom's Department for International Development. Additional contrib...

Discovery that bacterium is phosphate gourmet key clue to what makes it most social of bacteria

...cal states or environmental conditions, or even to exploit the phosphates found in other M. xanthus cells or those of potential prey organisms. Dr Whitworth found that: The potential complexity of the information on phosphate levels the bacterium can process is significantly increased by the findings that t...

Modifications render carbon nanotubes nontoxic

...bes soluble. In particular, scientists are keen to exploit the fluorescent properties of carbon nanotubes for medical diagnostics. Nanotubes are long, hollow molecules of pure carbon with walls just one atom thick. They are related to buckyballs, tiny spheres of pure carbon that are about the same diameter....

Computer models aid understanding of antibody-dependent enhancement in spread of dengue fever

...vantage and disadvantage Some viruses' ability to exploit the human body's own defenses to increase their re...er, but there are limits to how much the virus can exploit this strategy." According to the computer simulations, antibody-dependent enhancement creates oscil...

Islands in the Genome Promote Speciation

...ation, an ability to adapt to new environments and exploit new ecological niches, and a lower rate of extinction. Speciation, adaptation, and extinction are all controlled by the interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Understanding the genetic changes that lead to the formation of new species i...

Adult stem cells aid recovery in animal model of cerebral palsy

...ation, an ability to adapt to new environments and exploit new ecological niches, and a lower rate of extinction. Speciation, adaptation, and extinction are all controlled by the interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Understanding the genetic changes that lead to the formation of new species i...

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