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Tag: "expectancy" at biology news

Muscle-targeted gene therapy reverses rare muscular dystrophy in mice

...rst appear late in childhood live longer, but life expectancy remains greatly decreased. Although Pompe disease is a relatively rare disease, it is but one of a group of related "lysosomal storage diseases," which in total occur in about one in 5,000 births. The current study is part of a large, collaborative ...

HIV Infection Still On The Rise

...ted individuals in the United Kingdom, with a life expectancy of 20 years, is at least £12.5bn. "Prioritisation of sexual health with substantial investment is essential to avoid continuing deterioration in services, rising HIV transmission, and costly consequences for tax payers," they conclude. ...

Boosting HIV screening can increase survival and is cost effective

...derate-to-high-risk populations could produce life expectancy gains at costs that compare favorably to many commonly employed screening interventions in other chronic conditions, including breast cancer, colorectal cancer, diabetes and hypertension. Paltiel said that even in settings with HIV infection levels s...

US life expectancy about to decline, researchers say

...r S. Jay Olshansky is predicting a decline in life expectancy in the United States later this century. That pre...udy determines that obesity currently reduces life expectancy by approximately four to nine months. "The magnitude of that effect may sound trivial to some, but ...

Report that delayed motherhood decreases life expectancy of mouse offspring

...delayed motherhood in mice results in shorter life expectancy and reduced body weight in their offspring. Negat...layed motherhood in mice results in decreased life expectancy and reduced body weight of their offspring. Several other aspects of reproductive fitness of offspr...

To Stop Evolution: New Way Of Fighting Antibiotic Resistance Demonstrated By Scripps Scientists

...were no longer among the top ten. The average life expectancy in the United States soared from 47.3 years in 1900 to almost 80 years today, and antibiotics are partly to thank for this. But in the last few decades, mutant strains of several types of bacteria with the ability to resist antibiotics have emerged,...

Fluorescing lab worms signal longer life spans

...ld predict up to a four-fold variation in the life expectancy of a worm. In a typical experiment, the brightest worms had life expectancies of about 16 days, compared to about three days for those with the lowest expressed levels of fluorescent protein. The brightest worms also had the highest tolerance to exte...

Research casts doubt on circulating stem cells

... progressive muscle wasting. They only have a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years. "In mice with DMD we have replaced the bone marrow with healthy marrow marked by a fluorescent gene," explains Bonn physiologist Professor Dr. Anton Wernig. The hope of the medical scientists is that the transplanted stem cells wi...

Chernobyl: The true scale of the accident

...gns of diminishing and may even be spreading. Life expectancy has been declining across the former Soviet Union, due to cardiovascular disease, injuries and poisoning, and not radiation-related illness. How have governments responded? The resettlement and rehabilitation programs launched in Soviet conditions ...

Russian 'surrogate' alcohols are a killer

...ion. Results were swift. From 1985 to 1987, life expectancy increased by 3.2 years for men, and 1.4 years for ...hkolnikov. "Consequently, from 1992 to 1994, life expectancy decreased by 4.7 years for men and 3.4 years for women, largely due to accidents and violence, alcoh...

Discovering the first steps in transcription-coupled repair

...ed, with faces marked by sunken eyes. Average life expectancy is only 12 years and few survive their teens. Cockayne Syndrome usually results from mutations in one of two genes, CSA or CSB, although mutations in three XP-associated genes -- XPB, XPD, and XPG -- can also cause clinical CS. When transcription f...

Great (taste) expectations: Study shows brain anticipates taste, shifts gears

...t they report." In short, the new study shows how expectancy affects how humans perceive sensory input, and how events in the brain are directly related to those perceptions. Importantly, by mapping how the brain anticipates an event and kicks in a placebo effect, Nitschke argues, scientists can begin to thin...

Cure for cancer worth $50 trillion

...rising medical expenditures overall. Gains in life expectancy over the last century were worth about $1.2 millio...vations," write the authors. "Improvements in life expectancy raise willingness to pay for further health improvements by increasing the value of remaining life."...

Tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention does not benefit most women

... risk for breast cancer do not increase their life expectancy by taking the drug tamoxifen, according to a new a...late that tamoxifen can be expected to extend life expectancy only when a woman's five-year risk of developing breast cancer reaches 3 percent or more. This is es...

Combined treatment extends life expectancy for lung cancer patients

...lation with radiation therapy extends average life expectancy and decreases recurrences of tumors in patients who have early stages of inoperable lung cancer, according to researchers at Rhode Island Hospital. In a retrospective study looking at patients over seven years, the median survival rate at three yea...

UCLA study of community health project shows how group dynamics affect fitness, eating habits

...onprofit agencies. "Our goal is to increase life expectancy and improve quality of life for all ages by helping communities support programs that eliminate health disparities experienced by racial and ethnic minorities," said study co-author Lark Galloway-Gilliam, executive director of Community Health Counci...

Diabetes research takes wing thanks to long-lived fruit fly

...ople in the United States, there is talk that life expectancy is actually expected to fall soon, largely due to the epidemic of obesity and diabetes," said Bohmann. "It's a huge health issue. Many people have this problem ?it's not going away anytime soon. "This research isn't so much about making people to li...

Evolutionary forces explain why women live longer than men

...ptation Program, argue that the difference in life expectancy stems from the biological imperative of attracting mates. "This whole pattern is a result of sexual selection and the roles that males and females play in reproduction," Kruger said, "Females generally invest more in offspring than males and are mo...

What animals can tell us about hemorrhage, organ transplants and aging

...loss. No fountain of youth -- yet Human life expectancy has been greatly enhanced by advances in disease prevention and treatment. But what do we know about how and why we age, and can we slow the aging process? In the symposium, "Comparative biology of aging in long-lived animals" scientists will compa...

Newly identified biomarker detects and regulates spread of brain tumors

...ighly malignant astrocytomas typically have a life expectancy of about one year even after neurosurgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, highlighting the pressing need for more research to develop improved therapies. Equally important, the researchers also found that attractin plays a key role in the mo...

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