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Tag: "exceptional" at biology news

Rare cell prevents rampant brain activity

... a state of chaos, something which happens only on exceptional occasions, when it can lead to epileptic fits. Scientists at Karolinska Institutet have now uncovered a new mechanism controlling how the brain keeps its neuronal activity in check. The human brain consists of around a hundred million nerve cells l...

Bones in motion: Brown scientists to create new 3-D X-ray system

... CTX technology is expected to deliver images with exceptional precision and detail. Researchers will be able to track 3-D skeletal movements with 0.1 millimeter accuracy and see the equivalent of 1,000 CT images per second. The result will be a powerful tool with applications for basic and applied research: ...

Fighting influenza & co. with 40,000 blood samples

...etween 1918 and 1920. But the disease was not only exceptional because of its extreme virulence. The patho-gen, the influenza virus subtype A/H1N1, homed in on women and men in the prime of their lives. 'Normally respiratory diseases are dangerous for children and the over-60s,' the project coordinator Dr. Olive...

Research finds music training 'tunes' human auditory system

...pears to benefit all children -- whether musically exceptional or not -- in a wide range of learning activities," says Nina Kraus, director of Northwestern's Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory and senior author of the study. "Our findings underscore the pervasive impact of musical training on neurological devel...

American scientist's research of life's first cells

...e winners have so far received the award, honoring exceptional thesis work in the field of molecular biology. Applicants for the 2006 GE & Science Prize for Young Life Scientists earned their PhD degrees in 2005 and submitted a 1,000-word essay based on their dissertations. Their essays were judged on the...

Nano-devices hold promise for early-stage cancer detection

...ering, McMaster University "The lab will attract exceptional researchers and students, and foster innovative and high-profile interdisciplinary research. It will create novel and exciting learning environments for training, and attract new industrial partnerships." Plans call for the lab to occupy approxim...

Batfish to the rescue!

...role in the life of the reef, but do so only under exceptional conditions," Prof. Bellwood says. "Platax are relatively rare on the Great Barrier Reef and currently have no specific legal protection. They are vulnerable because their large size makes them attractive to spear-fishers, while they depend as youn...

Detecting explosives with honeybees

...tists developed methods to harness the honey bee's exceptional olfactory sense where the bees' natural reaction to nectar, a proboscis extension reflex (sticking out their tongue), could be used to record an unmistakable response to a scent. Using Pavlovian training techniques common to bee research, they traine...

Mouse study reveals new clues about virulence of 1918 influenza virus

... interacting synergistically that accounts for the exceptional virulence of this virus. Michael G. Katze, Ph.D., of the University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, a grantee of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), led the r...

New research examines genetics of successful aging

...evealed that genes make important contributions to exceptional longevity, the goal of this study was to identify regions of the human genome that contributed, along with lifestyle factors, to reaching age 90 with preserved cognition. The study involved 100 people age 90 and older who had preserved cognition as...

Research updates 65-year-old genetic discovery

... or "Science" this academic year. While that's an exceptional achievement in itself, what's noteworthy is that three of the researchers are junior faculty--assistant or associate professors. Stone, an associate professor, joins Gro Amdam, an assistant professor, and Kevin McGraw, an assistant professor, on the ...

For some young fish, early gene expression is a clear harbinger of fated lifestyle

...nclude trout and whitefish as well as salmon, show exceptional levels of life-history variation--that is, residential and migratory types often co-occur within a single population of young fish. Before reaching sexual maturity and leaving their natal stream, migratory individuals undergo dramatic morphological, ...

International HIV/AIDS trial finds continuous antiretroviral therapy superior to episodic therapy

...atients, all of whom should be commended for their exceptional achievement in contributing to this pivotal HIV/AIDS treatment study." "This trial was designed to help physicians and their HIV-positive patients identify the best approach to treatment management," adds Wafaa El-Sadr, M.D., M.P.H., M.P.A., of the ...

New research examines genetics of successful aging

...h found that genes make important contributions to exceptional longevity, the goal of this study was to identify regions of the human genome that contributed, along with lifestyle factors, to reaching age 90 with preserved cognition. The study involved 100 people age 90 and older with preserved cognition, as me...

Ancient trans-Atlantic swarm brought locusts to the New World

... among the millions of swarming locusts were a few exceptional insects that somehow managed to survive the flight. Lovejoy adds that high-altitude winds would have been essential for the swarm's flight. There is a modern-day example of this phenomenon -- in October 1998, a swarm of desert locusts crossed the Atl...

Cells direct membrane traffic by channel width

...'ve got four structures available, which is really exceptional for membrane channels." For the new study, his team focused on two of them. "Both were from the same bug, E-coli. One was a pure water channel. The other is a glycerol channel," Tajkhorshid said. "Structurally they are similar. Researchers have trie...

Genome Sequence for Haemophilus Influenzae Completed

...ed the structure of these hairs for clues to their exceptional insulation abilities. They found that the cuticle surface structure of the underhairs and base of the less-abundant guard hairs are distinctively shaped to interlock, with wedge-shaped fins or petals fitting into wedge-shaped grooves between fins of ...

Otter adaptations: How do otters remain sleek and warm

...ed the structure of these hairs for clues to their exceptional insulation abilities. They found that the cuticle surface structure of the underhairs and base of the less-abundant guard hairs are distinctively shaped to interlock, with wedge-shaped fins or petals fitting into wedge-shaped grooves between fins of ...

Nanowires can detect molecular signs of cancer, scientists find

...in present in a drop of blood. In addition to this exceptional accuracy and sensitivity, the minuscule devices also promise to pinpoint the exact type of cancer present with a speed not currently available to clinicians. A paper describing the work will appear in October in the journal Nature Biotechnology and ...

What comes first…the chicken, the egg, or the bad attitude?

...s well enough," Dr. Renema said. Discovery of the exceptional "super-mom" birds that don't fit the textbook norm has opened new doors in the research program. "If the offspring of these special hens are also more efficient, the broiler industry could move forward in leaps and bounds. As a result of their findi...

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