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Tag: "ethanol" at biology news

Engineered yeast speeds ethanol production

...yeast that can improve the speed and efficiency of ethanol production, a key component to making biofuels a s... fuel additive to improve gasoline combustibility, ethanol is often touted as a potential solution to the growing oil-driven energy crisis. But there are signi...

U of M researchers invent 'flashy' new process to turn soy oil, glucose into hydrogen

... liberate simple sugars that can be fermented into ethanol or turned into other fuels. That requires special enzymes and lots of time. But the high heat of the new process breaks those bonds with ease, meaning cellulose and similar plant materials can possibly be used as feedstocks. Schmidt and his univers...

With cellulosic ethanol, there is no food vs. fuel debate according to MSU scientist

...een public concerns about food shortages. However, ethanol made from cellulosic materials instead of corn gra...cording to research by a Michigan State University ethanol expert. Bruce Dale, an MSU chemical engineering and materials science professor, has used life cycl...

Meeting the ethanol challenge: Scientists use supercomputer to target cellulose bottleneck

...gest cellulose, but the human process of producing ethanol from cellulose remains slow and expensive. The cen... role in the project. "This is important in making ethanol from plant biomass a realistic 'carbon neutral' alternative to the fossil petroleum used today for t...

Strawberry daiquiris -- the extra-healthy cocktail?

...Department of Agriculture, tested the berries with ethanol and found that the treatment improved the physiology of the fruit as measured by several different laboratory tests for antioxidant activity (SCI’s Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, doi 10.1002/jsfa.2841). Coloured berry fruits like ...

Cellulosic ethanol: Fuel of the future?

...tly, the main biofuel used in the United States is ethanol distilled from kernels of corn. There are about 140 corn ethanol refineries nationwide, which produce more than 5 billion gallons a year. But critics say that corn e...

Custom-made cancer cell attacks

...tly, the main biofuel used in the United States is ethanol distilled from kernels of corn. There are about 140 corn ethanol refineries nationwide, which produce more than 5 billion gallons a year. But critics say that corn e...

Ethanol vehicles pose a significant risk to human health, study finds

... the United States ran on fuel made primarily from ethanol instead of pure gasoline, the number of respirator...ering. ''But our results show that a high blend of ethanol poses an equal or greater risk to public health than gasoline, which already causes significant heal...

A new study of living cells could revolutionize the way we test drugs

...lf-respecting party-goer would: alcohol. "We added ethanol ?which is essentially vodka ?to provoke a response... Professor Geim. The researchers had added so much ethanol that it poisoned the cell. Although not the cardiogram they had hoped for, the electrical signal ...

McBride shows DNA detective work with paper-eating bacteria that 'glide'

The eco-friendly fuel ethanol is usually made from grain, but the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) would like to find other renewable materials that will be cost-effective alternatives, such as paper pulp, sawdust, straw and grain hulls. A UWM professor recently helped DOE do jus...

ConocoPhillips establishes $22.5M biofuels research program at Iowa State

...gy supply. Conventional biorenewable fuels include ethanol from corn starch and biodiesel from soybean oil. Advanced biofuels are expected to be made from fibrous biomass such as the stalks and leaves from corn plants and switchgrass. "I'm pleased Iowa State University and ConocoPhillips will partner to r...

Super-fermenting fungus genome sequenced

...significant potholes to negotiate. For cellulosic ethanol production, one major detour has being addressed w.... “We are now engineering these genes to increase ethanol production.?Jeffries said that yeast strains like Pichia have evolved to cope with the oxygen-limite...

Genome sequencing reveals key to viable ethanol production

...urned on in a microorganism that produces valuable ethanol from materials like grass and cornstalks. Waste p...s, we should be able to boost that process to draw ethanol from biomass far more efficiently that we can today." Ethanol holds the promise of a clean, renewa...

Bats get the munchies too!

...particular types of sugar to reduce the effects of ethanol toxicity. Francisco Sanchez from the Ben-Gurion Un...Annual Meeting in Glasgow. The concentration of ethanol rises in fleshy fruits, such as figs and dates, as they ripen. Egyptian fruit bats prefer these frui...

Fuel from fiber -- Pretreatment can put corn stalks, trees in your car's tank

...nally known for his 30 years of research on making ethanol from plant biomass ?the stems, leaves, stalks and ...wn of cellulose ?the most difficult part of making ethanol from plant biomass ?more efficient. Dale and other members of the Biomass Refining Consortium for...

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