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Tag: "ethanol" at biology news

Alcohol's effects on gene expression in the central nervous system

...o alcohol." # Intracranial self-administration of ethanol into the posterior ventral tegmental area (VTA) of alcohol-preferring rats produced results suggesting that the reinforcing effects of alcohol are activating VTA dopamine neurons and producing changes in synaptic connections that resemble those that ...

Growth in biomass could put US on road to energy independence

...ved rural economic picture. Current production of ethanol is about 3.4 billion gallons per year, but that to...nario outlined in this report. Such an increase in ethanol production would see transportation fuels from biomass increase from 0.5 percent of U.S. consumption...

Human Cells Filmed Instantly Messaging for First Time

...ved rural economic picture. Current production of ethanol is about 3.4 billion gallons per year, but that to...nario outlined in this report. Such an increase in ethanol production would see transportation fuels from biomass increase from 0.5 percent of U.S. consumption...

Researcher gets NSF grant to create mutant maize lines

... or vitamin content or easier-to-digest starch for ethanol production. Funded by a new five-year, $3.8 milli...starch that is easier for enzymes to digest. Since ethanol is produced from maize starch, such a refinement could lead to cheaper ethanol. In terms of nutritio...

Hybrid grass may prove to be valuable fuel source

...eaton said. In contrast, the ratios exceed 0.8 for ethanol and biodiesel from canola, which are other plant-derived energy sources. Besides being a clean, efficient and renewable fuel source, Miscanthus also is remarkably easy to grow. Upon reaching maturity, Miscanthus has few needs as it outgrows weeds, r...

Green diesel: New process makes liquid transportation fuel from plants

..." About 67 percent of the energy required to make ethanol is consumed in fermenting and distilling corn. As a result, ethanol production creates 1.1 units of energy for every unit of energy consumed. In the UW-Madison process,...

Ethanol and biodiesel from crops not worth the energy

...into fuel uses much more energy than the resulting ethanol or biodiesel generates, according to a new Cornell...ysis of the energy input-yield ratios of producing ethanol from corn, switch grass and wood biomass as well as for producing biodiesel from soybean and sunflow...

Using the genomic shortcut to predict bacterial behavior

...into fuel uses much more energy than the resulting ethanol or biodiesel generates, according to a new Cornell...ysis of the energy input-yield ratios of producing ethanol from corn, switch grass and wood biomass as well as for producing biodiesel from soybean and sunflow...

ORNL leading effort to help harness power of Shewanella

...ies with potential applications in bioremediation, ethanol and hydrogen production, cleanup of former nuclear weapons production sites and minimizing global warming by controlling the cycling of atmospheric carbon dioxide. ...

Drunken elephants: The marula fruit myth

...n. Fallen marula fruit may naturally ferment to an ethanol content of approximately 3 percent after three or ...f alcohol over time, and the unlikeliness of total ethanol absorption, a three-ton elephant gorging itself quickly on nothing but marula fruit would still be h...

Formation of cellulose fibers tracked for the first time

...he sugar glucose, which can then be converted into ethanol and other biofuels, there are huge incentives to learn more about how plants produce and modify the molecule. Cellulose is also the main constituent of cotton, paper, wood, and animal feeds such as hay. Somerville, along with colleague David Ehrhard...

Biofuels can replace about 30 percent of fuel needs with significant research and policy effort

...ry and a lead on the project. While many think of ethanol when they think of biofuels, the group recommends a much broader spectrum of possible materials including agriculture wastes such as corn stovers and wheat stalks, fast-growing trees such as poplar and willow and several perennial energy crops such a...

DOE JGI finishes 100th microbial genome

...erials to produce such useful sources of energy as ethanol and hydrogen, and clean up toxic waste sites. We know that microbes can perform these and a multitude of other amazing tasks and with the proper technology we can harness these capabilities." DOE JGI, a national user facility, has sequenced or is in...

Research highlights how bacteria produce energy

...create electricity, produce alternative fuels like ethanol and even boost the output of existing oil wells, a...llus subtilis to directly ferment glucose sugar to ethanol with a high (86%) yield. This is the first step in a quest to develop bacteria that can breakdown a...

Corn waste potentially more than ethanol

...fessor of Environmental Engineering. "You can make ethanol from exploded corn stover, but once you have the sugars, you can make electricity directly." Logan's process uses a microbial fuel cell to convert organic material into electricity. Previous work has shown that these fuel cells can generate electr...

Biofuels researcher searches for new sources

...aborators are working on a project to evaluate the ethanol production potential of various straws, hays, and ...om many kinds of plants, though over 90 percent of ethanol made in the United States comes from corn grain. However, other sources of ethanol are needed, becau...

DOE publishes research roadmap for developing cleaner fuels

... research agenda for the development of cellulosic ethanol as an alternative to gasoline. The 200-page scien...nology that have made cost-effective production of ethanol from cellulose, or inedible plant fiber, an attainable goal. The report outlines a detailed researc...

Producing bio-ethanol from agricultural waste a step closer

... materials could not be efficiently converted into ethanol by the baker's yeast. Delft University of Technology, however, has recently devised a solution for this, which is achieved by genetically modifying the baker's yeast. The Delft researchers have inserted a gene (derived from a fungus that is found in ...

The first tree genome is published: Poplar holds promise as renewable bioenergy resource

...ion of the lignocellulosic portion of the plant to ethanol has the potential to provide a renewable energy re...d into alcohol and distilled to yield fuel-quality ethanol and other liquid fuels. Poplar is the most complex genome to be sequenced and assembled by a sing...

Developing uses for sugar-cane bagasse: Biotechnology applied to the paper industry

...he system by forced convection at a rate of 7 g of ethanol per m3 (concentration equivalent to 3° of alcohol ...t ethanol. Moreover, it appeared that little or no ethanol introduced was consumed by the fungus which preferentially uses other sources of carbon, resulting f...

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