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Tag: "eradicated" at biology news

Innovative smallpox vaccine research study to be conducted at Case Medical Center

...The World Health Organization declared the disease eradicated in 1980 with the success of a worldwide vaccination program. Routine vaccination against smallpox among the general public was ceased in 1972 because it was no longer necessary for prevention. However, recent threats of bioterrorism after 9/11 have s...

Dealing deadly cancers a knockout punch

...colon cancer, Reolysin plus gemcitabine completely eradicated the tumors in four of five test animals. It is rare to see the virtual elimination of tumours as well as the long-lasting therapeutic effect that was observed in this study. "Combination therapy results for reovirus in animals are particularly en...

New cell type identified in cancer development

...to cancer or cancer stem cells, lie inactive or be eradicated by the body’s immune system. "These hybrid cells are very complex. They have properties of normal and abnormal stem cells, and do not always lead to cancer ?only some of the time, and under very specific conditions," says Gao, who is also a membe...

Researchers discover surprising drug that blocks malaria

... reported an outbreak of malaria after it had been eradicated in that country for 50 years. A blood-borne illness, malaria is transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The symptoms include high fevers and flu-like symptoms such as chills, headache, muscle aches and fatigue. The disease kills an estimated 2 millio...

Vitamin D deficiency widespread during pregnancy

...aracterized by soft bones and thought to have been eradicated in the United States more than 50 years ago ?as well as increased risk for type 1 diabetes, asthma and schizophrenia. "A newborn's vitamin D stores are completely reliant on vitamin D from the mother," observed Dr. Bodnar, who also is an assistant...

Innovative method for creating a human cytomegalovirus vaccine outlined

...n 1960 and 1991 developed the rubella vaccine that eradicated the disease in the U.S. and co-developed a new rotavirus vaccine approved in the U.S. in 2006. Plotkin's approach to developing a CMV vaccine was to attenuate, or weaken, human CMV, as he had done to create the rubella vaccine. In contrast, the rotav...

Radiation-armed robot rapidly destroys human lung tumors

Super-intense radiation delivered by a robotic arm eradicated lung tumors in some human patients just 3-4 months after treatment, medical physicist Cihat Ozhasoglu, Ph.D. of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center will report in early August at the 48th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physicis...

Heat-shock protein vaccine reduces alveolar bone loss

...n-reaction indicated that the vaccine successfully eradicated the multiple pathogenic species. The researchers concluded that P. gingivalis HSP60 could potentially be developed as a vaccine to inhibit periodontal disease induced by multiple pathogenic bacteria. ...

Congenital rubella syndrome nearly eradicated in the US

...ively, congenital rubella syndrome has been nearly eradicated from the United States," according to the statement. There were fewer than 10 cases or rubella reported in the U.S. last year and in the past 5 years there have only been 4 cases of congenital rubella syndrome reported, only one of which was in a chi...

Warming trend may contribute to malaria's rise

...emy of Sciences. After being nearly or completely eradicated in many parts of the world, malaria still affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide and has been on the rise in some highland regions and desert fringes. Because the life cycle of the mosquito that transmits malaria and the microorganism that ...

Chemotherapy gel may fight breast cancer and reduce breast deformity

...iod of 30 days and that the tumors were completely eradicated compared to a control group of mice that were implanted with the gel insert without chemotherapy. "Through further research and testing, our goal is to develop this into a clinical treatment for women undergoing breast cancer surgery," said Dr. Edin...

Mice studies illustrate potential of chimp/human antibodies to protect against smallpox

...NAS). A worldwide immunization program officially eradicated naturally occurring smallpox disease in 1980. However, concerns of a bioterror attack involving the highly contagious and fatal virus have prompted researchers to search for new smallpox vaccines and treatments. The currently licensed smallpox vacc...

New Rotavirus vaccine joins routine infant immunization schedule

... previous vaccines, including the vaccine that has eradicated rubella (German measles) in the United States. "This vaccine against a major childhood killer will impact the lives of children around the world," said Steven M. Altschuler, M.D., president and chief executive officer of The Children's Hospital of P...

Serious adverse reactions to smallpox vaccine appear to be limited

...ganization declared in 1980 that smallpox had been eradicated worldwide, there is concern that smallpox virus may exist outside the World Health Organization−designated repository laboratories and may be used as a bioweapon. Detection of a smallpox case could represent an intentional bioterrorism event r...

LIAI scientists make major finding on potential smallpox treatment

... prompted by bioterrorism concerns. The virus was eradicated in the U.S. by 1950 and vaccinations for the general public were ended in 1972. But in the aftermath of 9-11, new concerns have arisen that the smallpox virus could be used as a bioterrorist agent. Disease experts fear that samples of the smallpox...

Columbia scientists develop cancer terminator viruses

...he process of eradicating cancer cells. The virus eradicated prostate cancer cells in the lab and in animals, while leaving normal cells unscathed. The present cancer "terminator" viruses represent the next generation of therapeutic viruses that permit replication uniquely in cancer cells with simultaneous ...

Stem cell training program to make its Stanford debut

...ers. Jonas Salk, M.D., whose polio vaccine all but eradicated the crippling disease poliomyelitis in 1955, founded the Institute in 1960 on land donated by the City of San Diego and with the financial support of the March of Dimes. ...

Promiscuous Catalytic Activity Possessed by Novel Enzyme Structure

...ers. Jonas Salk, M.D., whose polio vaccine all but eradicated the crippling disease poliomyelitis in 1955, founded the Institute in 1960 on land donated by the City of San Diego and with the financial support of the March of Dimes. ...

Cancer drug slows poxvirus in mice

...nd the World Health Organization declared smallpox eradicated in 1980. Nevertheless, concern remains that smallpox virus could be unleashed through an act of bioterror. For this reason, scientists are working to better understand the mechanisms of smallpox disease and to develop new and improved smallpox treatm...

Gray wolves maintain the food chain in winter

...orth America until US extirpation campaigns nearly eradicated them by the 1930s. In 1995, the US Fish and Wildlife Service reintroduced the persecuted predator into Yellowstone. Wilmers and Getz used data from the past 50 years to establish winter trends and model wolves' impact on the fate of resident scavenge...

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