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Tag: "epidemiology" at biology news

Study: Soap And Water Work Best In Ridding Hands Of Disease Viruses

...ala and David J. Weber, professors of medicine and epidemiology at the UNC schools of medicine and public health; Dr. Mark D. Sobsey, professor of environmental sciences and engineering in public health; and medical technologist Maria F. Gergen-Teague. Dr. Gregory P. Samsa, a Duke University biostatistician, help...

Breast-Cancer Risk Linked to Exposure to Traffic Emissions at Menarche, First Birth

..., Calif. Jing Nie, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow in epidemiology in UB's School of Public Health and Health Professions is first author on the study. "There is growing evidence that there may be times in a woman's life when exposures to potential carcinogens may be critical for breast-cancer initiation and develo...

US life expectancy about to decline, researchers say

...des combined," said Olshansky, who is professor of epidemiology in the UIC School of Public Health. The researchers also predict that the rapid rise in obesity among children and teenagers in the past 30 years will have life-shortening effects in the future -- perhaps enough to offset any improvements in longevi...

Leprosy microbes lead scientists to immune discovery

...from the molecular biology of AIDS vaccines to the epidemiology of cancer; from risk analysis to violence prevention; from maternal and children's health to quality of care measurement; from health care management to international health and human rights. ...

Insects, viruses could hold key for better human teamwork in disasters

...le of the civil engineer," Pena-Mora said. In the epidemiology area of their work, the researchers are looking at the spread of infectious diseases in human populations. In the entomology area, they are looking at honeybees' (Apis mellifera) collaborative decision-making process when selecting a new hive or fora...

Genetic links could unlock clues to leading cause of blindness

...cal School associate professor and director of the epidemiology unit of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, said studies conducted on 840 human twins have shown that genetics plays a significant role but not the only role. Even diet plays a big part, she said. Her own research with the National Eye Institute...

Male Combat Veterans Rank High In Heart Disease Risk

...hor Anne-Marie Johnson, M.S., a Ph.D. candidate in epidemiology at the University of North Carolina School of Public Health in Chapel Hill. Heavy drinkers were defined as those who reported consuming 14 or more servings of beer, wine or hard liquor a week. Heavy smoking was determined by calculating the subjects...

New tools used to control foodborne hepatitis A outbreaks related to green onions

...veillance to provide a better understanding of the epidemiology of hepatitis A and facilitate rapid responses to outbreaks." ...

Use of Antibiotics for Acne May Increase Risk of Common Illness

...veillance to provide a better understanding of the epidemiology of hepatitis A and facilitate rapid responses to outbreaks." ...

Large-scale Computer Simulations Reveal New Insights Into Antibiotic Resistance

...veillance to provide a better understanding of the epidemiology of hepatitis A and facilitate rapid responses to outbreaks." ...

Disrupting Cocaine-memories To Battle Addiction

...veillance to provide a better understanding of the epidemiology of hepatitis A and facilitate rapid responses to outbreaks." ...

Mosquitoes are more attracted to individuals infected with malaria

...h manipulation could have a profound effect on the epidemiology of disease and, if it is not considered, could lead to severe biases in the estimates of the intensity of malaria transmission. Citation: Lacroix R, Mukabana WR, Gouagna LC, Koella JC (2005) Malaria infection increases attractiveness of humans to mo...

Study uncovers placental microtransfusions lead to transmission of AIDS virus during childbirth

...pal investigator Dr. Steven Meshnick, professor of epidemiology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill... Public Library of Science. Besides Meshnick, UNC epidemiology authors are Dr. Jesse Kwiek, a postdoctoral fellow; graduate student Alisa Alker; and assistant prof...

Do the Europeans turn ill sitting up so late?

... experimental and clinical research, and also in epidemiology and sociology. Simultaneously the trainees learn to work in an international research environment and can benefit from the large research network in the future." ...

'Virus chip' detects new virus in prostate tumors

...s really hard work." The team intends to carry out epidemiology studies to determine how widespread the virus is, how it is transmitted, and whether it causes any of the prostate tumors, or any other disease. The gene-hunting technique DeRisi and Ganem call the Virochip is designed to identify any virus sample ...

Ernst Mayr's theory illustrated in genetic epidemiology studies

...llustrated nicely in recent years in human genetic epidemiology and population biology studies. Alan R. Templeto... over the past few years including his own genetic epidemiology studies of coronary artery disease (CAD). "These recent results really show that Mayr's ideas were ...

Bocavirus infection may be associated with pneumonia in Thailand, especially in children

...es LRTI, the spectrum of clinical illness, and the epidemiology of HBoV infections still need to be defined. Fry c... of all ages is a unique opportunity to define the epidemiology of new viruses, "says Sonja Olsen, Acting Director of the IEIP and one of the researchers. The ...

Landmark discovery of a Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus receptor

... framework for integration of the cell biology and epidemiology of this clinically important virus." ...

UGA study explains peaks and troughs of dengue epidemics

... of the most important issues in public health and epidemiology in general." "Until now, it's been very much a single-host, single-pathogen type of framework," Rohani said. "Now with avian influenza being very much on everyone's mind, we're beginning to realize that the genetic diversity of infectious agents is...

Ultra low-dose estrogen shown safe for post-menopausal women

... associate professor of psychiatry, neurology, and epidemiology at the University of California, San Francisco. In 2004, study results from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), a nationwide longitudinal study sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, indicated that estrogen was associated with an increas...

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