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Tag: "enhance" at biology news

Soils offer new hope as carbon sink

... waste into fuel and agrichar which can be used to enhance soil fertility and store carbon long-term. NSW DPI senior research scientist Dr Lukas Van Zwieten said soils naturally emit about 10 times more greenhouse gas on a global scale than the burning of fossil fuels. "So it is not surprising there is...

Nurtured chimps rake it in

Human interaction and stimulation enhance chimpanzees’ cognitive abilities, according to new research from the Chimpanzee Cognition Center at The Ohio State University. The study (1) is the first to demonstrate that raising chimpanzees in a human cultural environment enhances their cognitiv...

Herpes virus hijacks DNA repair process

...tools for fixing DNA damage and use those tools to enhance their own reproduction. The DNA damage response n...hether other DNA viruses use a similar approach to enhance their growth," says Virgin. ...

Marine phytoplankton changes form to protect itself from different predators

...ost its survival chances, Phaeocystis globosa will enhance or suppress the formation of colonies based on whether nearby grazers prefer eating large or small particles. “Based on chemical signals from attacked neighbors, Phaeocystis globosa enhances colony formation if that’s the best thing to do for surv...

Endosome-mediated signaling in plants

...receptor (BRI1) is trafficked through endosomes to enhance activation of this growth response pathway, which affects both shoot and root growth. Dr. Chory is hopeful that these results “will serve as a springboard for future studies aimed at unraveling the mechanics of how plants grow."...

3-D ultrasound scanner provides in-depth view of the brain

...second animal, the researchers made use of dyes to enhance ultrasound images of blood vessels in the brain. The new advance is the latest in a series of developments Smith's team has made since developing the first 3-D ultrasound scanner in 1987 for imaging the heart from outside the body. "Wherever t...

Revealed -- Mosquito genes that could be controlling the spread of killer viruses

... pathogen, we may be able to use this knowledge to enhance specific reactions of the immune systems in other mosquitoes to control the spread of the disease.”...

Genome of Clostridium botulinum reveals the background to world's deadliest toxin

...s the wide range of strategies used by bacteria to enhance their chances of survival. For the Clostridia, these range from the approach used by Cdiff — long-term interaction with hosts, which involves evading the immune system and countering antibiotics — to the single-minded opportunistic approach of C. bot...

Human stem cell treatment restores motor function in paralyzed rats

...celerate integration of the grafted stem cells and enhance their therapeutic benefit,” Johe said, adding that the goal is to provide a significant gain in functional mobility of the patient’s legs. This study builds on Marsala’s previous work in rat models using human neuronal stem cells, published in Oct...

More recycling on the farm could reduce environmental problems

... systems -- which he terms "regenerative" -- could enhance global sustainability of biological resources, curtail greenhouse gas emissions and groundwater contamination, and reduce farming's reliance on oil imports and water. A switch to regenerative agriculture would involve a variety of changes, including...

New Brandeis research sheds light on memory by erasing it

...persistently activated after LTP induction and can enhance synaptic transmission, properties that are necessary for a memory molecule. Like a computer whose electronics change with the addition of new information, molecular activity in the hippocampus, where memory is stored in the brain, changes as memor...

UCLA AIDS Institute researchers find a peptide that encourages HIV infection

...uthors wrote. "In this area, at least, agents that enhance retroviral uptake could contribute to an emerging ...DS Institute. "If you know of some method that can enhance gene delivery, you would have a useful tool." Retrocyclin-1 (RC-100) is a circular peptide that ...

LIAI scientists make important finding on cytomegalovirus transmission

...cases eliminated ?through the use of antibodies to enhance the disease-fighting power of the immune system. The research team’s findings, based on controlled laboratory studies of mice, may also have implications for other chronic virus infections, such as hepatitis and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Th...

Study shows continued success for new HPV vaccine against virus responsible for cervical cancer

...ood immune responses to this vaccine, so that will enhance their protection." Researchers believe the vaccine will be effective in lowering a girl's lifetime risk of cervical cancer. To that end Merck launched the national "One Less" campaign last year, which encourages females eligible for the vaccine t...

Palau's coral reefs show differential habitat recovery following the 1998 bleaching event

...o reduce greenhouse emissions, but also locally to enhance reef resilience," says van Woesik. Van Woesik’s research appears in the April 2007 issue Coral Reefs, the journal of the International Society for Reef Studies. He will next set up research sites in several other locations, including ...

Genome of yellow fever/dengue fever mosquito sequenced

...that efficiently disrupt the transmission cycle or enhance existing strategies. The Ae. aegypti genome sequence is expected to stimulate efforts to elucidate interactions at the molecular level between mosquitoes and the pathogens they transmit to humans. ...

Uniform language for describing genes of pathogenic and beneficial microbes

...bacteria. Having these terms in place will greatly enhance research in this area.? In the current update, the PAMGO consortium, in collaboration with Jane Lomax and Amelia Ireland of the GO Consortium’s editorial office at the European Bioinformatics Institute, has released more than 450 new terms for desc...

Corals that can fight global warming may one day help fragile reefs

...ld look to these hardy corals for clues that might enhance others," said Harvell. "Other corals are more sensitive and will not survive the continued warming trend." Yet there seems to be future promise for boosting the immunity of coral reefs, Harvell reported. Collaborators Rotem Effrony and Eugene Rosen...

Super-fermenting fungus genome sequenced

...E JGI Director. “In addition, this strategy could enhance the productivity and sustainability of agriculture and forestry by providing new outlets for agricultural and wood harvest residues.? Ligonocellulosic biomass, a complex of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, is derived from such plant-based “f...

Mechanism of nicotine's learning effects explored

...addictive, researchers have also shown the drug to enhance learning and memory—a property that has launched e...sts the signaling properties of neuronal wiring to enhance memory. Such signaling properties include the strength of the connections by which one neuron trigge...

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(Date:4/23/2014)... and German . ... mammals, the difference between sexes depends on one single element of ... where the two sexual chromosomes are X and Y, whereas women ... all the morphological and physiological differences between males and females. , ... time ago, the X and Y were identical, until the Y ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... Wash. -- Like a hungry diner ripping open a ... into electricity must tear open a hydrogen molecule. Now ... holding onto the two halves of its hydrogen feast. ... how to make the catalyst work better for alternative ... scientists have shown precisely where the hydrogen halves end ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... and Spanish . ... released its Conservation Assessment for the Big Bend-Ro Bravo ... 29 priority conservation areas in a region straddling the ... in the states of Texas, Coahuila, and Chihuahua. This ... inhabited by rare and endangered plants and animals, and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Male or female? 2Male or female? 3Halving hydrogen 2Halving hydrogen 3Halving hydrogen 4Conservation priorities released for several protected areas along US-Mexico border 2Conservation priorities released for several protected areas along US-Mexico border 3
(Date:4/23/2014)... methods that can rapidly screen a large cell ... inside that population has been seriously lacking," said ... the Royal Society of Chemistry journal Chemical ... his coworkers have developed a novel technique that ... Chem. Sci. , 2014, DOI: 10.1039/C4SC00578C, http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/sc/c4sc00578c#!divAbstract ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... of probiotics, antioxidants and other nutritional compounds, more and ... is getting in on the action. But legitimate skepticism ... industry is responding with clinical research to shore up ... Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly news ... Bomgardner, a senior editor at C&EN, writes that about ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... as the United States, it may come as a surprise ... adequate food due to lack of money or other financial ... the University of Illinois using data from the National Health ... are dealing with hunger are also facing negative health and ... over age 60 faced the threat of hungerthat translates to ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... by a researcher from the Cancer Science Institute of ... has identified the cancer specific stem cell which causes ... developing new drugs for the treatment of this disease ... led by Dr Chan Shing Leng, Research Assistant Professor ... a cancer-specific variant of a cell surface protein, CD44v8-10, ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... Effects of Midlife Occupational and Leisure Time Physical Activity ... physical activity in midlife increases the risk of mobility ... the risk. This is found in a study which ... The study was conducted at the Gerontology Research Center ... , Heavy physical labor is often repetitive, wears the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Following a protein's travel inside cells is key to improving patient monitoring, drug development 2Health News:More Americans in their golden years are going hungry 2Health News:Scientists identify cancer specific cell for potential treatment of gastric cancer 2Health News:Scientists identify cancer specific cell for potential treatment of gastric cancer 3Health News:Midlife occupational and leisure-time physical activity limits mobility in old age 2
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