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Tag: "endemic" at biology news

Researchers find 24 species believed new to science in Suriname rainforest

... ant species. The scientists also found 27 species endemic to the Guayana Shield region comprising Suriname and neighboring Guyana, French Guiana and northern Brazil, including a rare armored catfish, Harttiella crassicauda, feared extinct because gold mining activities had contaminated a creek where it was ...

The insect vector always bites twice

...ly seem to be indicators of the risk of malaria in endemic areas, that could be used to improve strategies of...sess the exposure of human subjects, or be used in endemic areas to evaluate the efficacy of existing vector control strategies, such as the use of impregnated...

In-shell vaccine for chick disease

...ief Executive of BBSRC, said: "BBSRC research into endemic UK animal disease has the potential to save UK farmers and consumers millions of pounds each year. IBV is one of the severe animal diseases that BBSRC supports research into, and the work at the Institute for Animal Health shows real promise in deliv...

New sucker-footed bat discovered in Madagascar

...nd because the new bat belongs to a Family of bats endemic to Madagascar--and one that was previously conside...scariensis or the Travelers' Palm, a plant that is endemic to Madagascar but has been introduced to numerous tropical countries. Myzopoda are found in associat...

Genome info from 'plant destroyers' could save trees, beans and chocolate

...ue of the journal Science. Phytophthora sojae, an endemic pathogen of soybeans, is responsible for $1 billion to $2 billion in losses worldwide each year. Phytophthora ramorum is associated with sudden oak death, a disease that has devastated the nursery industry and oak ecosystems in California, Oregon and...

'GreeneChip' -- New diagnostic tool that rapidly and accurately identifies multiple pathogens

...ved in Angola from a country where malaria was not endemic and that he had not taken malaria prophylaxis. Had...e case presented above, more than one agent may be endemic in the region with an outbreak. Outbreaks caused by different agents may also overlap in time and g...

Small, smaller, smallest -- The plight of the vaquita

... one of the smallest populations ( The vaquita is endemic to the north-western corner of the Gulf of California (north of 30º45'N and mainly west of 114º20'W), an area rich and diverse in marine mammals. It is somewhat surprising that the porpoises are limited to such a small area when there are no obvious ...

New dwarf buffalo discovered by chance in the Philippines

...the Philippines, and nearly two-thirds of them are endemic (only found there). Only Madagascar has a higher percentage of endemic mammals. "This discovery highlights the importance of making fossils available for scientific stu...

On the golf tee or pitcher's mound, brain dooms motion to inconsistency

...lem than someone who has not prepared. Given the endemic nature of movement variability, the research doesn't point to any definitive means for combating it. In their paper, the engineers offer no advice for baseball trainers to help pitchers throw more strikes. A potential application of the research, She...

NAU researchers chirping over discovery of new cricket genus

... cave arthropods are very specialized and possibly endemic to a single cave system or region. They present interesting and odd evolutionary forms that reflect the extreme environments found in caves." Cave-dwelling invertebrates are important for conservation, because they can be rare and/or highly limited...

Scientists describe new African monkey genus ?first in 83 years

...brates. These predominantly arboreal monkeys are endemic to Tanzania and known to live in only two high-altitude locations: the Rungwe-Livingstone forest (16 groups) and Ndundulu Forest Reserve (three groups). They live in social groups of 30-36 adult males and females, with no evidence of any solitary ani...

Species unique to tidal marshes face threats

...o the evolution of species and subspecies that are endemic (found nowhere else). These endemic species and subspecies, which seem to be largely restricted to North America, have adaptations that ...

First surveys of Tanzanian mountains reveal 160+ animal species, including new & endemic

...pecies--including a new species of frog and eleven endemic species--according to an article published in the ...ountain range." Researchers found eleven species endemic to or found only in the Eastern Arc Mountain range. Among these eleven species are the Mountain dwar...

Congenital rubella syndrome nearly eradicated in the US

..., the statement notes that rubella is no longer an endemic disease in this country and congenital rubella syndrome "is almost a thing of the past in the United States." Birth defects resulting from rubella may include blindness, deafness, and congenital heart disease. A rubella epidemic in the early 1960s ca...

New vaccine for condition that kills 500,000 children a year

...d there was no effective treatment." Rotavirus is endemic and infections occur in almost all children. The severity of rotavirus infection ranges from no symptoms to dehydrating gastroenteritis that can be fatal. Efforts to eradicate rotavirus disease were almost derailed in 1999 when another vaccine was p...

Genetically engineered mosquitoes show resistance to dengue fever virus

...ey had been before the procedure. Dengue fever is endemic in more than 100 countries in Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. The virus is transmitted to people by mosquitoes of the species Aedes aegypti. The World Health Organization estimates 50 million c...

Scientists develop malaria forecasting tool to predict disease risk

... million worldwide. The mosquito-borne illness is endemic in several regions globally, but is most acute in Africa, home to an estimated 90 per cent of all cases. Dr Andy Morse from the Department of Geography and colleagues from the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting; Columbia Universi...

Genetic mutation linked to West Nile virus infection

...tors in HIV-infected patients -- at least in areas endemic for WNV -- as such inhibitors might increase the recipients' vulnerability to severe WNV infection. ...

Evolutionary shifts in olfactory sensitivities in fruit flies

...species, D. sechellia--as its name suggests, it is endemic to the Seychelles islands--relies exclusively on one fruit, called the morinda fruit, for egg-laying. This fruit, which smells of gorgonzola and pineapple, is toxic to, and shunned by, D. melanogaster and other sibling fruit fly species. In their ne...

Exposure to volcanic mineral associated with increased mesothelioma incidence in Turkey

...results emphasize the severity of the mesothelioma endemic in erionite-exposed areas of Turkey," the authors write. They add, "In the rural part of central Anatolia, Turkey, millions of inhibitants are likely exposed to hazardous amounts of mineral fibers from the environment. Resources should therefore be d...

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