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Tag: "effectiveness" at biology news

Innovative smallpox vaccine research study to be conducted at Case Medical Center

...ionwide research study to determine the safety and effectiveness of a new smallpox vaccine geared toward adults ages 18 to 34 who have never been vaccinated against the disease. The study is the first of its type in Northeast Ohio. The current FDA-approved vaccine, Dryvax®, is not recommended for use on everyone...

Blood test may help signal tumor's remission, return in throat cancer patients

...ld one day become a useful tool for monitoring the effectiveness of chemotherapy and radiation treatment in people with advanced throat cancer, according to a study published in the June 1, 2007, issue of Clinical Cancer Research . Scientists in the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders...

Weizmann Institute scientists develop a general 'control switch' for protein activity

.... Says Prof. Liscovitch: “We were surprised by the effectiveness of the method – it turns out that a small set of engineered proteins is needed to find the ones that respond to the drug. With their greater resources, biotechnology companies will be able to create much larger sets of engineered proteins in order to...

Experts predict Tamiflu could halve the pandemic influenza death toll versus no intervention

... programmes would play an important role but their effectiveness would be dependent upon how well the vaccine was matched to the virus.1 “The World Health Organisation provides a strong recommendation for the use of Tamiflu for the prevention of avian flu in people who have been in contact with someone who is k...

New study suggests potential for a broadly-protective HIV vaccine

... generated by the immunizations to determine their effectiveness in neutralizing the infectivity of a variety of HIV-1 strains. Antibodies produced as a result of immunization neutralized all 48 strains of HIV-1 tested. The results are encouraging for vaccine development, because they showed that it is possible to...

Gene expression patterns predict rapid decline in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients

...ression and, more importantly, better evaluate the effectiveness of potential therapies," added Talmadge E. King Jr., M.D., chief of medicine at San Francisco General Hospital and an internationally renowned expert in research and management of pulmonary fibrosis....

'Virtual Patient' to simulate real-time organ motions for radiation therapy

... time could significantly improve the accuracy and effectiveness of radiation treatment for lung and liver cancers. X. George Xu, professor of nuclear and biomedical engineering, and Suvranu De, associate professor of mechanical engineering, have formed a multidisciplinary collaboration with clinical colleagues...

An 'elegant' idea proves its worth 25 years later

...er century of experience with the treatment. The effectiveness of sodium phenylacetate and sodium benzoate, two chemicals the body already makes to carry nitrogen for disposal in urine "just knocked my socks off from the moment we first tried them," recalls Saul Brusilow, M.D., professor emeritus of pediatrics a...

Nitric oxide: Key to cardiovascular and pulmonary function and drug effectiveness

...eart failure or in inhalers for asthma, lose their effectiveness over time. Nitric oxide is a molecule produced by...uch diseases as heart failure or asthma lose their effectiveness over time. Almost half of all drugs on the market today, as well as many hormone and neurotransmi...

8 plants from South Africa may hold potential for treating high blood pressure

... scant. A team of researchers has now examined the effectiveness of 16 plants growing in the country's Kwa-Zulu Natal region and concluded that eight plant extracts may hold value for treating high blood pressure (hypertension). The study, entitled ACE Inhibitor Activity of Nutritive Plants in Kwa-Zulu Natal, w...

The quest for an effective HIV vaccine presents new possibilities, challenges

...V levels have declined substantially. Further, the effectiveness of these antibodies is stymied because of the rapid genetic changes that occur in HIV’s outer envelope protein, which allow the virus to escape detection. While early efforts to develop an HIV vaccine focused on the viral envelope, an improved un...

NIAID expands capability for influenza research and surveillance

... seasonal flu virus infections, and will study the effectiveness of annual immunization programs using inactivated or weakened (live, attenuated) flu virus vaccines. The Rochester center also will perform clinical immunological studies to better define human immune responses to influenza vaccination and infection....

Bones in motion: Brown scientists to create new 3-D X-ray system

... planning orthopedic surgeries and comparing the effectiveness of different approaches; creating better treatments for shoulder, wrist, knee and back injuries; driving innovations in computer graphics and scientific visualization. The project cuts across disciplines and brings together a diverse ...

Natural antibiotics yield secrets to atom-level imaging technique

...fit into the membrane better, resulting in greater effectiveness with smaller amounts of AMP. "Our overall mission is to use the kind of basic physical data we obtain from solid-state NMR spectroscopy to help interpret biological functions," Ramamoorthy said. The work is highly interdisciplinary, involving not ...

Rapid response was crucial to containing the 1918 flu pandemic

...matic analyses of historical data to determine the effectiveness of public health measures in 1918--are described in two articles published online this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “These important papers suggest that a primary lesson of the 1918 influenza pandemic is tha...

Biodiesel study targets cleaner air, cleaner engines

... in Canada. It involved six farms to evaluate the effectiveness of using biodiesel in agriculture. "This project was designed to accelerate the adoption of biodiesel use on Ontario farms through a series of on-farm evaluations," said Deanna Deaville, Special Project Coordinator with the Ontario Soil and Crop I...

Jefferson scientists find rabies-based vaccine could be effective against HIV

...pe. The study was aimed at studying the safety and effectiveness of the rabies vaccine approach against HIV and related diseases. Four macaques were immunized with both vaccines, while two animals received only a weakened rabies virus. After they gave the animals an initial vaccination, they then tried two diff...

Study suggests some drug resistance to influenza B medications

...ic in Japan, creating an opportunity to assess the effectiveness of neuraminidase inhibitors. The researchers collected influenza B isolates from 74 children before and after oseltamivir therapy and from 348 untreated patients with influenza (including 66 adults). Four hundred twenty-two viruses from untreated pat...

Red flag for repetitive stress injuries identified for first time in humans

...ks at work, exercise ?can be evaluated as to their effectiveness in preventing the development of chronic work-related conditions and, consequently, the need for more serious measures such as surgery. "If the injury to the tissues can be halted, then hopefully long-term damage and impairment can be avoided," s...

Researchers from the University of Navarra analyze new kinds of cancer-fighting antibodies

...a half ago, and to date no conclusions as to their effectiveness has been published. ...

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(Date:9/15/2014)... 2014) The so-called central dogma of molecular ... provided a simplified explanation for how genetic information ... , In reality, of course, the process is ... nearly 60 years ago by Nobel Laureate Francis ... one, there are multiple types of RNA, three ...
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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Smithsonian scientists discover tropical tree microbiome in Panama 2Scientists discover RNA modifications in some unexpected places 2
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