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Tag: "driving" at biology news

Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming

...safe" It's a very difficult question to answer. Is driving safe"'' she expounded. ''You might say yes or no, but what makes driving something we're willing to do" You get automakers to build good cars, we have driver training, we do...

Male circumcision overstated as prevention tool against AIDS

...partners they have each year, can act as an engine driving infection rates to unusually high levels in the general population. The new study is entitled “Size Matters: The Number of Prostitutes and the Global HIV/AIDS Pandemic” and is freely available online at the PLoS ONE publication website at http://plo...

Putting feelings into words produces therapeutic effects in the brain

...id. “In the same way you hit the brake when you’re driving when you see a yellow light, when you put feelings into words, you seem to be hitting the brakes on your emotional responses.” As a result, an individual may feel less angry or less sad. This is ancient wisdom,” Lieberman said. “Putting our fee...

US control strategies may make flu epidemics worse, UCLA study shows

...portant and previously overlooked causal factor in driving influenza epidemiology. "Including cognitive and personality factors into epidemic models can dramatically change our understanding of why flu epidemics occur." said Vardavas. ...

New knowledge improves rice quality

...w opportunities. "These are the two key changes driving the whole process and making this research area so exciting," Dr. Zeigler said. "If we can link these two things together ?our new and improved knowledge and understanding of rice quality with affluent-consumer desires for better rice ?then it’s poss...

Healthy coral reefs hit hard by warmer temperatures

...no at UNC. "We've long suspected climate change is driving disease outbreaks. Our results suggest that warmer temperatures are increasing the severity of disease in the ocean."...

Bones in motion: Brown scientists to create new 3-D X-ray system

...for shoulder, wrist, knee and back injuries; driving innovations in computer graphics and scientific visualization. The project cuts across disciplines and brings together a diverse team of Brown researchers. They include bioengineer Joseph Crisco, computer scientist David Laidlaw, orthopedic exper...

Study finds antibiotic resistance in poultry even when antibiotics were not used

...be as common as initially thought. What may be driving the antibiotic resistance that Lee has observed in her studies is what's known as vertical transfer ?from parent to child ?of bacteria carrying resistance genes. In short, the birds may come to the farm harboring antibiotic resistant bacteria. "T...

Researchers learn what sparks plant growth

...y clearly that the epidermis is in control—in both driving and restricting growth. In addition, our studies show that the cells in the epidermis "talk" to the cells in the inner layers, communicating that they too should expand." Savaldi-Goldstein made the discovery that the signal for growth originates i...

'Marathon mice' elucidate little-known muscle type

... changed the muscles' metabolic characteristics by driving the activity of genes that spark proliferation of mitochondria. The PGC-1â animals with more IIX muscle fibers showed a greater capacity for aerobic exercise, they found. Transgenic mice were able to run, on average, for 32.5 min to exhaustion, co...

ConocoPhillips establishes $22.5M biofuels research program at Iowa State

...a's future. Private sector investments will be the driving force behind the development of new industries and technologies, and I'm encouraged that Iowa State and ConocoPhillips are working together to create the right research programs for our state's energy future." "We believe the key to a secure energ...

When your brain talks, your muscles don't always listen

...nd thousands of muscle fibers. "Muscles are the driving force behind our movements," Knight said. "Every time they get a command from the neurons, the muscle fibers contract. In the generation of muscular force, the smallest controllable unit consists of an individual neuron and the muscle fibers it stimu...

Penn study on olfactory nerve cells shows why we smell better when we sniff

...e of smell is synchronized with inhaling. "The driving force for such synchronization remained a mystery for more than 50 years," says senior author Minghong Ma, PhD, Assistant Professor of Neuroscience. "These results help us understand how the mammalian olfactory system encodes and decodes odor informa...

How badger culling creates conditions for spread of bovine TB

... individuals between groups may be instrumental in driving disease dynamics at the population level, and adds further support to the contention that the social disruption of badger populations, for example by culling, is likely to promote disease spread." Data for the study came from an undisturbed high-d...

Neural bottleneck found that thwarts multi-tasking

...ey are using a headset with their cell phone while driving they are safe, but they're not because they are still doing two cognitively demanding tasks at once." Identifying the information bottleneck responsible for this dual-task limitation required the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fM...

Meeting the ethanol challenge: Scientists use supercomputer to target cellulose bottleneck

... warming to unstable international oil supplies is driving a surge in renewable biofuels such as ethanol, with worldwide ethanol production more than doubling between 2000 and 2005. To date, corn has been the favorite ethanol source. While good news for farmers, corn prices have doubled in the past two years...

Killing the messenger RNA -- But which one?

...sion of the microRNA in question had the effect of driving production of the PRPS1 enzyme to about double its normal levels. This, in turn, drove levels of uric acid up to about two times what they should be. "This confirmed that our original computer prediction of differential targeting by unedited and e...

Fruit fly gene research may shed light on human disease processes

...lopment in flies and that of humans, but the logic driving their cellular and molecular processes is the same. A paper by Erickson and postdoctoral student Frank Avila detailing their work on such processes has been published in this month's issue of Current Biology, a leading biology journal. Human femal...

MRSA toxin acquitted: Study clears suspected key to severe bacterial illness

...umption that it is the major virulence determinant driving this epidemic is simply not true." These findings are significant because some infectious disease physicians who treat MRSA patients had begun questioning whether PVL truly led to severe illness, says Barry Kreiswirth, Ph.D., study co-author and ...

Math model predicts cancer behavior

...roblem of cancer behavior. "We have mathematics driving experimentation," Quaranta said. The team will tailor its biological experiments to test and validate the model. If the experimental data don't fit the predictions from the model, either the experiments or the model need to be corrected, he said. "...

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(Date:4/20/2014)... April 20, 2014 -- Using corn crop residue to ... can generate more greenhouse gases than gasoline, according to ... Climate Change . , The findings by a University ... corn residue can be used to meet federal mandates ... emissions. , Corn stover -- the stalks, leaves and ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... feeding a world population predicted to reach 9 ... to conservation that considers human-altered landscapes such as ... the natural habitat that supports it might be ... at least three-quarters of the land surface is ... vulnerable to human-caused impacts such as climate change. ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... as soon as they,re planted may be good news for ... In the wild, a plant whose seeds sprouted at the ... than just an insurance policy against late frosts or unexpected ... advantages too: Plants whose seeds put off sprouting until ... in a team of researchers working at the National Evolutionary ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study casts doubt on climate benefit of biofuels from corn residue 2Study casts doubt on climate benefit of biofuels from corn residue 3Stanford researchers rethink 'natural' habitat for wildlife 2Stanford researchers rethink 'natural' habitat for wildlife 3Stanford researchers rethink 'natural' habitat for wildlife 4Plants with dormant seeds give rise to more species 2
(Date:4/20/2014)... cell in the lining of the bladder is responsible ... researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. , ... pinpoint the normal cell type that can give rise ... show that most bladder cancers and their associated precancerous ... many human bladder cancers recur after therapy. , "We,ve ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... Hopkins University School of Medicine researchers have been awarded ... diabetes, Novo Nordisk announced this month. Of the 110 ... Obesity Biologics Science Forum Program, only four projects were ... researchers. They are Jonathan Powell, M.D., Ph.D.; G. William ... Jonathan Powell, a professor of oncology, will use his ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... in French . ... and regenerative medicine. A team led by Ludwik Leibler ... Tech) and Didier Letourneur from the Laboratoire Recherche Vasculaire ... demonstrated that the principle of adhesion by aqueous solutions ... soft-tissue organs and tissues. This easy-to-use gluing method has ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... pain relief targets that could be used to ... King,s College London made the discovery when researching ... of the body. , Dr Marzia Malcangio said: ... pain generation and our findings could help chemotherapy ... One potential side effect of some chemotherapy drugs ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 2014) Two recent papers by a University ... may help scientists develop treatments or vaccines for ... encephalitis and other disease-causing flaviviruses. , Jeffrey S. ... genetics at the School of Medicine and an ... Institute, and colleagues recently published articles in the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Stanford scientists identify source of most cases of invasive bladder cancer 2Health News:Stanford scientists identify source of most cases of invasive bladder cancer 3Health News:Stanford scientists identify source of most cases of invasive bladder cancer 4Health News:Stanford scientists identify source of most cases of invasive bladder cancer 5Health News:Innovative strategy to facilitate organ repair 2Health News:Innovative strategy to facilitate organ repair 3Health News:New pain relief targets discovered 2Health News:CU researchers discover target for treating dengue fever 2
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