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Tag: "direct" at biology news

One species, many genomes

...nged or are lost relative to the reference genome, direct sequencing of the genome of wild strains will allow the detection of new genes. The plan is to decipher the genomes of at least 1001 Arabidopsis varieties. A new instrument, with which the entire genome of a plant can be read in just a few days, is a...

Researchers discover inherited mutation for leukemia

...rtance of the gene in the pathogenesis of CLL, and direct us to target this gene with therapies that might re-activate it." The findings also provide evidence that some genes might contribute to cancer even when they are not silenced entirely. "This inherited change is remarkably subtle," says co-pr...

Undergraduate research shows leaderless honeybee organizing

...ll remains regarding how bee societies effectively direct and coordinate complex operations without a central controlling intelligence. Pierce’s finding is part of an ongoing research effort in Schneider’s lab aimed at understanding the mechanisms of leaderless societal management – in particular, the impor...

Nurtured chimps rake it in

... effects on their cognitive development, and offer direct comparisons with early experience, issues of attachment, and preschool education for human infants and children,” The authors conclude that the differences in performance between the three groups are directly attributable to the significant effect...

Plastic that grows on trees

...glucose is the initial stock. In fact, attempts at direct glucose conversion created so many impurities that it was simpler to start with the fructose, less common in nature than glucose. Zhang and his team, working with a high-throughput reactor capable of testing 96 metal halide catalysts at various te...

Potato wart eyed as risk to potato production

...to plant health or to plant products. Although direct losses from potato wart may be insignificant when first detected, indirect economic losses resulting from zero-tolerance regulations for potato wart can be devastating to growers. Indirect economic losses become especially evident in potato productio...

CU study reveals why starling females cheat

...opulation mate with extra-pair males and gain both direct (like additional helpers) and indirect benefits (like better genes for the offspring), but that they do so in different contexts," said Dustin Rubenstein, a former Cornell graduate student in neurobiology and behavior and now a research associate at ...

Gene therapy study shows safety and statistically significant improvement in Parkinson's disease

...al for Parkinson’s disease and the first report of direct gene transfer into a patient’s own brain cells for any adult neurodegenerative disease. The open label Phase 1 study, conducted in 12 patients with advanced Parkinson’s disease demonstrated both a lack of adverse events related to the gene therapy ...

Adult stem cells from human cord umbilical cord blood successfully engineered to make insulin

...duced by the embryonic mouse pancreas were used to direct adult stem cells to begin developing, or "differentiating," into islet-like cells. As they grew these adult stem cells in the laboratory, the researchers conducted other tests in which the cells to be engineered showed evidence of a characteristi...

Experimental gene therapy 'abolishes' arthritis pain and lessens joint damage

...ilor-made genes into cells that can, for instance, direct cells to build more of a needed protein. To deliver the genes into cells, researchers use harmless viruses called vectors, which have evolved to invade human cells and insert their DNA. In designing the new therapy, Kyrkanides’ team chose to work fir...

Eavesdropping comes naturally to young song sparrows

...d not determine if the young birds learned more by direct interaction with a tutor or by eavesdropping. T...ing data suggests that young birds don’t have many direct interactions with adults, and so are likely to be learning their songs by eavesdropping. When it ...

Protein enables discovery of quantum effect in photosynthesis

... Good vibrations "We have obtained the first direct evidence that remarkably long-lived wavelike electronic quantum coherence plays an important part in energy transfer processes during photosynthesis," said Fleming, the principal investigator for the study. "This wavelike characteristic can explain t...

Amphibians in losing race with environmental change

...mphibians lay their eggs in shallow, open water in direct sunlight to provide a more oxygenated environment, increase growth rate of larvae and reduce predation. But the increased levels of UV-B radiation in today's sunlight, due to erosion of the Earth's ozone layer, is causing mutations, impaired immune s...

Corals -- More complex than you?

...r understand coral disease. There may also be a direct payback, in the sense that, by exploring the ancestral immune genetic repertoire of corals and how it functions in a simple animal, we will gain new insights which will help in the battle against human disease, he adds. The richness of the coral g...

8 plants from South Africa may hold potential for treating high blood pressure

...colic and restlessness in young children. The most direct discovery is the 1993 finding that large doses of popular garlic preparations significantly decreased the diastolic blood pressure in human patients 5-14 hours after the dose with no significant side effects. In addition, wild and cultivated garlic p...

A frown or a smile? Children with autism can't discern

...hey say. Eyes can smolder or twinkle. Gazes can be direct or shifty. “Reading?these facial expressions gives...he brain whether they were looking at faces with a direct or an indirect gaze. “This part of the brain helps us discern the meaning and significance of wh...

Diminishing dinosaur steps saved by laser and laptop

... the sensitivity of the site we were not permitted direct contact and therefore all measurements had to taken remotely. Dr Manning added: "Laser scanning allowed the rapid, high resolution, 3D digital mapping of an otherwise inaccessible site. The computer-generated trackways we have created preserve imp...

100 percent of pregnant women have at least one kind of pesticide in their placenta

... the contaminants accumulated in the organism have direct access to the microenvironment where the embryo/foetus develops. The doctoral thesis Exposición materno-infantil vía placentaria a compuestos químicos medioambientales con actividad hormonal (Maternal-child exposure via the placenta to environmenta...

Chemical maps hint at drug's effects on schizophrenia

...eds of chemicals that may be used in the future to direct better treatment for schizophrenia and other psychiatric conditions, say Duke University Medical Center researchers. The study is among the first to use metabolomics -- the measurement of thousands of chemical byproducts of the body's cellular proce...

Tibetan antelope slowly recovering, WCS says

...Schaller. At the same time, the team witnessed no direct evidence of the widespread poaching that was evident just a few years ago. "China has made a major effort to control poaching," said Schaller. "The large poaching gangs of the 1990s, which were at times arrested with 600 or more chiru hides lar...

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(Date:4/24/2014)... Have you ever accidently missed a red light or ... a visible event that you passed by but totally ... for our attention, we can only be aware of ... Beckman Institute Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Illinois. ... concentrating on obeying traffic signals." , But say there,s ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... attack plants, they often inject harmful proteins into ... natural defenses. However, in some plants, bacteria attack ... potential host. Now, researchers at the University of ... allows the bacteriaknown mostly for attacking tomatoesto invade ... anti-infective treatments that work with food-producing plants to ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... Alison Allan, PhD, a scientist at Western University and ... often spreads or metastasizes to the lung. , Breast ... number two cause of cancer-related deaths among women in ... radiation have a high success rate, but once the ... In particular, the lung is one of the most ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Controlling brain waves to improve vision 2Controlling brain waves to improve vision 3Plants send out signals attracting harmful bacteria, MU study finds 2New study helps to explain why breast cancer often spreads to the lung 2
(Date:4/24/2014)... On April 28, the Center for BrainHealth will ... our most pressing brain-related challenges at its inaugural ... Resilience and Regeneration." Featured speakers will include Dr. ... the Center for BrainHealth, U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley ... Doggett, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and Early ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... more than one out of three survivors of ... in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine , and ... rather than mentally. , It is one of ... and functional outcomes of critical care survivors, according ... of Medicine, and it highlights a significant public ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... Foundation has awarded LSU Health Sciences Center New ... grant in the amount of $295,635. The funding ... social and educational backgrounds, underrepresented in the sciences, ... project will provide students with training for 10 ... will be led by Principal Investigator Dr. Fern ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... 24, 2014 Pregnant immigrants from Sub-Saharan Africa, ... monitoring during pregnancy, according to new research from ... in the British Journal of Obstetrics and ... eclampsia rates among immigrants and native-born women in ... Denmark, Sweden, Spain (Catalonia and Valencia) and the ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... April 23, 2014 The American Society for Radiation ... Role of Postoperative Radiation Therapy for Endometrial Cancer: ... of adjuvant radiation therapy in the treatment of ... in the May-June 2014 issue of Practical ... journal of ASTRO. The full-length guideline is available ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Inaugural Brain Health Summit focuses on brain resilience and regeneration 2Health News:Vanderbilt study finds physical signs of depression common among ICU survivors 2Health News:Vanderbilt study finds physical signs of depression common among ICU survivors 3Health News:Pregnancy complications may be more common in immigrants from certain regions 2Health News:ASTRO issues guideline on the role of postoperative radiation therapy for endometrial cancer 2Health News:ASTRO issues guideline on the role of postoperative radiation therapy for endometrial cancer 3
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