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Tag: "diarrhea" at biology news

Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer

...r damage but more often causes dysentery, a severe diarrhea that is often associated with blood in the feces. Unchecked, the diarrhea associated with the disease can be fatal, especially in children. One field study in Bangladesh foun...

Drug-resistant bacteria on poultry products differ by brand

...ly can the bacteria itself cause illnesses such as diarrhea in humans, but fluoroquinolones are some of the most important drugs used to treat a variety of infections, including those caused by Campylobacter. The widespread presence of this drug-resistant form of the bacteria makes the antibiotic less effecti...

Norovirus, AIDS vaccine and Hepatitis Virus

...rovirus may be the most common cause of travelers' diarrhea for United States citizens returning from Mexico a...ical areas of the world will experience traveler's diarrhea (TD). TD, defined as three or more loose stool movements in a 24-hour period, frequently results fro...

Norovirus found to cause traveler's diarrhea

A majority of traveler's diarrhea cases among U.S. travelers to Mexico and Guatemala... often are not considered in studies of traveler's diarrhea because, until recently, molecular detection methods for these viruses have not been readily availab...

Opiates Better Than Sedatives For Treating Newborns In Withdrawal

...nce syndrome (NAS) exhibit seizures, poor feeding, diarrhea and vomiting that lead to excessive weight loss and dehydration, sleeping problems and fever. Disruption in the mother-child bonding process has also been reported, and there is an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome. In the studies, newb...

Researchers discover new route to hemoglobin synthesis

...nce syndrome (NAS) exhibit seizures, poor feeding, diarrhea and vomiting that lead to excessive weight loss and dehydration, sleeping problems and fever. Disruption in the mother-child bonding process has also been reported, and there is an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome. In the studies, newb...

Lactose intolerance linked to ancestral environment

...symptoms include nausea, cramps, bloating, gas and diarrhea that begin about 30 minutes to two hours after eating or drinking foods containing the milk sugar lactose. The use of lactase enzyme tablets or drops or lactose-reduced milk and similar products can help the lactose intolerant digest dairy products. ...

Hurricane aftermath: Infectious disease threats from common, not exotic, diseases

...he water has greater salinity. Another concern is diarrhea and gastrointestinal illnesses from the flood waters. Short bouts of diarrhea and upset stomachs sometimes occur after natural disasters and can be caused sewage contamination of...

Prenatal exposure to marine toxin causes lasting damage

...eafood develop symptoms including vomiting nausea, diarrhea and abdominal cramps. In severe cases, the toxin leads to neurological damage, characterized by headaches, confusion, coma and even death. Exposure can also cause amnesic shellfish poisoning, characterized by permanent loss of short-term memory. Si...

Zinc supplements safe for HIV-infected children

...plementation is known to decrease the frequency of diarrhea and pneumonia in uninfected children. The study is... the fact that zinc is known to reduce episodes of diarrhea and pneumonia, zinc supplementation should be used as an adjunct therapy for children with HIV infec...

Small molecule inhibitor of cholera discovered

...uction of bacterial proteins that cause the severe diarrhea associated with Vibrio cholerae infection. "What we have done is made a custom, organism-specific antibiotic against Vibrio cholerae," said John Mekalanos, the Adele Lehman professor of microbiology and molecular genetics at HMS and the senior auth...

New Rotavirus vaccine joins routine infant immunization schedule

...cases with severe and potentially life-threatening diarrhea and dehydration. It causes tens of thousands of hospitalizations in the U.S. each year, and throughout the world, hundreds of thousands of child deaths. The new vaccine was invented by three Philadelphia scientists: H. Fred Clark, D.V.M., Ph.D.; Pa...

Nanotechnology may find disease before it starts

...ody, causing a host of problems such as hair loss, diarrhea and anemia." ...

Patients now surviving once-fatal immune disease

... not debilitating among this group were arthritis, diarrhea and skin infections. Several factors may have contributed to the increased survival of this group of patients. When compared to all patients with XLA, a high percentage of the patients included in this study had mild mutations in Btk. In addition,...

Less antibiotic use in food animals leads to less drug resistance in people, study shows

...icians to treat, and can result in longer bouts of diarrhea and a higher risk of serious or even fatal illness. Bacterial resistance to drugs is generally attributed to inappropriate prescribing or overuse of antibiotics. An Australian solution to the drug resistance problem has been to prohibit the use of ...

New vaccine for condition that kills 500,000 children a year

...safely prevent 98 percent of severe cases of viral diarrhea and vomiting that account for 2 million hospital v...tric Research. "In a matter of hours, vomiting and diarrhea from rotavirus can lead to dehydration, which can result in hospitalization and even be life-threate...

Report focuses on the role good microbes play in future medicine

...t a variety of diseases in humans and animals from diarrhea and eczema to gum disease and autoimmune disorders...been shown to shorten the duration of acute watery diarrhea caused by rotavirus in children. Other causes of diarrhea may also be addressed through probiotics,...

Crohn's disease gene identified

..., are chronic disorders that cause abdominal pain, diarrhea and gastrointestinal bleeding and affect over one million Americans. Because IBD tends to run in families and is more frequent in certain ethnic populations, especially Ashkenazi Jews, scientists have long suspected a significant genetic component. ...

Got inexpensive contrast agent? Milk plays new role in imaging

...) experienced abdominal discomfort such as cramps, diarrhea and nausea, while only 27 (23 percent) of the 117 patients who received milk reported abdominal discomfort. Overall, milk was found to be just as effective as VoLumen in bowel distension (expansion) and bowel-wall conspicuity (enhancement). One im...

The biggest bug in gut discomfort

...nited States, and one of the most common causes of diarrhea worldwide. The Centers for Disease Control estimate that "campylobacterioisis" strikes 2.4 million Americans a year. While most sufferers recover after a few unpleasant days, it can be life threatening to those with compromised immune systems. A ra...

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