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Tag: "decision" at biology news

Essential mangrove forest threatened by cryptic ecological degradation

...cal degradation must be acknowledged by policy and decision makers if mangrove protection is an aim. The research team argues that early detection of such changes should be adopted and is essential for the prevention of further mangrove degradation. F. Dahdouh-Guebas, S. Hettiarachchi, D. Lo Seen, O. Batelaa...

South America's vast pantanal wetland may become next everglades, UNU experts warn

...nvironment, a systematic approach to environmental decision making and management is urgently needed. The Interlinkages approach offers a coordinated way to achieve this goal," the analysis says. "Because of the transboundary nature of many ecosystems and environmental problems, they are often addressed at t...

Expression Project for Oncology (expO) completes first phase of standardized gene expression analyses

...le clinical hypotheses for use in future treatment decision making. Tissue collection and data dissemination will be conducted in a manner that fully protects patient privacy. Over a three-year period, IGC expects to obtain 2,000 to 3,000 tumor specimens representing a broad spectrum of malignancies and 500-1...

Flocking together: Study shows how animal groups find their way

...ting that groups can come to an accurate consensus decision even though individuals are not aware of the preferences of others or whether they are in a majority or minority. Couzin, who divides his time between Princeton and Oxford University, collaborated with Simon Levin of Princeton as well as Jens Krause...

New Drugs For Bad Bugs: UF Approach Could Bolster Antibiotic Arsenal

... in the blood, and from those two numbers a dosing decision is made. “We feel that’s not the optimal way go,?...ot to continue that project any more and made that decision much sooner probably than they would have in earlier days,?said Derendorf, who published the finding...

Microbial forensics: The next great forensic challenge

...into investigation, prosecution, intelligence, and decision making. Since the results of a microbial forensics...n court, and must be accepted by senior government decision makers." Murch and other scientists point to many challenges posed by bioterrorism, including that ...

Emergence of cancer as major cause of childhood death in developing countries is not being adequately addressed

...ciety F.M. Kirby clinical research professor. This decision has left many children with cancer in much of the developing regions of Asia, South and Central America, Africa and the Middle East without access to effective medical treatment, he added. Pui is a co-author of an editorial on the geographical inequa...

FDA Works To Speed The Advent Of New, More Effective Personalized Medicines

..., and the data that will be used during regulatory decision making. The guidance also explains a new mechanism...ncy-wide group and will not be used for regulatory decision making, will help FDA and industry gain valuable experience as this new field continues to evolve. ...

Doctors closer to using gene analysis to help trauma patients

...could help physicians choose the best treatment, a decision that could mean the difference between life and death, according to UF Genetics Institute scientists. “The vast majority of patients who experience severe trauma or burn injuries actually do well,?said Lyle Moldawer, a surgery professor in UF’s Coll...

Asymptomatic HIV babies could use earlier treatment

...elines for treating HIV-infected infants leave the decision of when to begin treatment to the child’s physician—in part because the long-term effects of ongoing antiretroviral treatment are not known. Concerns about the drugs?possible toxic side-effects and the development of viral resistance to available tre...

New tool reveals secrets of migrating cells

...leagues saw cells, possibly those that have made a decision on their fate, halt their wanderings and make a beeline out of the cortex to the medulla, something immature T cells can't do. The scenario they've reconstructed from the video and mathematical analysis starts with immature T cells moving out of the...

New Scripps Oceanography project to study sediments and ecosystem restoration in Venice lagoon

...ely by scientists, SIOSED researchers will provide decision makers with further information for assessing geochemical and microbial processes involved in sediment movement--whether natural or manmade--and their effects in such a sensitive ecosystem. "SIOSED is an exciting and important new project that clear...

Gambling monkeys give insight into neural machinery of risk

...ow that information might contribute to the actual decision process that results in the monkey's choice," said Platt. What's more, he said, the monkey studies allow manipulation of the circuitry using drugs to determine how the circuitry might malfunction in human disorders. "For example, it is believed that...

Investigating 'brain shrinkage' in alcoholics

...e based systems and their functions, which include decision making, inhibition, problem solving, and judgment.... that alcoholics can surmount these impairments in decision making and evaluation of rewards and punishments to achieve multi-year sobriety." Harper praised th...

Brain size may depend upon how neural cells are cleaved

...researchers speculate that this type of regulatory decision point may play a powerful role in determining the ...e molecular signaling mechanism that regulates the decision to cleave one way or another, said Tsai. Studies in fruit flies and roundworms had hinted that majo...

Taking a flying jump

...s secret in avoiding death in this way lies in its decision to jump rather than to fly out of the way. "This kind of low-power decision-making could be of interest to those building autonomously navigating robots", according to Gwyneth Card of the California Institute of Technology, who will be presenting her...

Biota makes major antiviral discovery

...pment follows on the heels of the company's recent decision to advance its common cold (human rhinovirus, HRV) drug candidate into clinical development following a similarly successful in-house research program. ...

Sensor web simulation investigates technique to improve prediction of pollution across the globe

...lived events and then transmit that information to decision makers so that appropriate alerts can be issued to...," Talabac added. "With the sensor web, policy and decision makers will have access to the most useful and timely information available to help maintain a high ...

Discovery that bacterium is phosphate gourmet key clue to what makes it most social of bacteria

...erium. It "hunts" as a pack, it makes a collective decision with other M. xanthus whether to go dormant or not, and it even has methods of policing the behaviour of individual bacteria that to try to "cheat" in the collective activity of the group. Now Dr David Whitworth from the Biological Sciences Departmen...

Female butterflies go for sparkle -- not size -- when choosing to mate

... this butterfly species, females make the ultimate decision about whether to mate. The UB researchers altered...ntral side of the wing does not play a role in the decision making. But when the researchers painted the white pupil on the dorsal side with black paint, there...

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