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Tag: "deciphering" at biology news

Scientists sequence genome of parasite responsible for common sexually transmitted infection

...ience. "The progress that continues to be made in deciphering the genomes of organisms, such as the Trichomonas vaginalis parasite, helps to further our collective scientific understanding of these organisms, so that we can better address public health issues," says NIH Director Elias A. Zerhouni, M.D. "By b...

Prehistoric mystery organism verified as giant fungus

...egible scrawl," Hotton said. "Fran spent months deciphering them for clues about the localities where specimens had been collected, how Dawson interpreted them and other information that helped understand this humongous fungus," she said. Hueber also traveled to Canada, Australia and Saudi Arabia to collec...

Comprehensive model is first to map protein folding at atomic level

...es. "One of the great problems in science has been deciphering how amino acid sequence -- a protein's primary structure -- also determines its three-dimensional structure, and through that its biological function. Our paper provides a first solution to the folding problem, for small proteins, at an atomic level ...

Computer scientists unravel 'language of surgery'

...rgical tasks such as suturing, a key first step in deciphering the language of surgery. The lead author, Johns Hopkins graduate student Henry C. Lin, received the conference award for best student paper. "Now, we're acquiring enough data to go from ‘words' to ‘sentences,'" said Hager, who is deputy director of...

Researchers find docking sites for glucocorticoid receptor and Hsp90

...r bottleneck in research caused by difficulties in deciphering the actions of a heat-shock protein known as Hsp90. Hsp90 belongs to a family of proteins called chaperones that help other proteins achieve and maintain their 3-D structure. Unlike most chaperones, Hsp90 is dedicated to assist a restricted yet di...

Viral hitchhiker inhibits Wolbachia bacteria's ability to proliferate

...dings because there is a great deal of interest in deciphering the genetic and cytological mechanisms of cytoplasmic incompatibility," says Bordenstein. "We know very little about the virus, but understanding and using it may pave the way for future strategies to control insect-borne diseases." ...

UF scientists discover evolutionary origin of fins, limbs

... has been known for some time, but only now are we deciphering how these events occurred at a molecular genetic level." Researchers isolated genes from the spotted catshark, a type of slow-moving shark from the eastern Atlantic Ocean. By studying the activity of a dozen genes in shark embryos, they determined ...

Scientists crack code for motor neuron wiring

...ic that there will eventually be clinical value in deciphering the Hox code. "In developing ways to recover from spinal cord injuries, much attention has focused on getting the axons of cortical neurons to grow past the lesion site and innervate target neurons in distant parts of the spinal cord," he said. "Now,...

First big influenza genome study reveals flu evolution

...s turns a new spotlight on influenza evolution. By deciphering the genomes of different influenza strains, researchers can pinpoint mutations that allow particular strains to become more virulent, adapt to infect new species, or evade immune response. Moreover, TIGR's high-throughput influenza genome sequencin...

Researchers predict infinite genomes

...s revolution took off, scientists have been busily deciphering vast numbers of genomes. Cataloging. Analyzing. Comparing. Public databases hold 239 complete bacterial genomes alone. But scientists at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) have come to a startling conclusion. Armed with the powerful tools of ...

Achilles heel of the herpes virus possibly found

...many possibilities for virus binding to cells make deciphering the entry process a difficult problem to solve. The gene that encodes B5 had in fact been sequenced, but not characterized, as part of the Human Genome Project. Discovering its role and studying the HSV entry mechanism was tricky and near impossible...

Scientists take aim at virulent bacteria by decoding machinery of key control enzyme

By deciphering the ingenious mechanism used by a particular enzyme to modify bacterial chromosome chemistry, scientists have come a step closer to designing a new kind of drug that could stop virulent bacterial infections in their tracks. Their research will be pub...

Deep thinking: Scientists sequence a cold-loving marine microbe

...uropa. As yet, however, there's little chance that deciphering C. psychrerythraea's genome will yield insights into another cool character, its namesake. Deming, who led the establishment of the Colwellia genus, named the genus after her one-time advisor: noted marine biologist Rita Colwell. In addition the TIG...

The biggest family tree ever

...a population geneticist. One of his specialties is deciphering prehistoric human relationships using genetics. By comparing the genetic markers, the UA scientists' work will unveil new aspects of people's family trees, ones that are almost impossible to discover through traditional genealogical methods. In cont...

Papers of DNA Pioneer and Nobel Laureate Francis Crick Added to National Library of Medicine’s Profiles in Science Web Site

... to our understanding of protein synthesis; to the deciphering of the genetic code by which hereditary information is stored and transcribed in the cell; and to our conception of the human brain. Francis Harry Compton Crick was born in Northampton, England, in 1916, and received his bachelor degree in physics f...

Protein Packages Found To Activate Genes; May Be What Regulates Development And Disease

...th a huge amount of data, and the daunting task of deciphering what it means in terms of how genes function. For that part of the project, they teamed with investigators from the Broad (pronounced to rhyme with "road") Institute. "The human genome still has many surprises lurking within it," comments Lander, wh...

Color-blind method opens new doors in DNA sequencing

.... Even with complex computer programs to assist in deciphering the signals, this "cross-talk" between the dyes results in subtle variations that can cause nucleotides to be miscalled. The new method developed at BCM and Rice, called pulsed multiline excitation, uses four lasers, each matched to a particular dye...

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(Date:7/9/2014)... to switch out one gene for another in a ... science fiction to reality within this decade. As with ... hope of fixing disease-causing genes in humans, for example--as ... have put one of those concerns to rest: using ... occurrence of mutations in the cells. The new results ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Regulated deer hunts in Indiana state ... from decades of damage caused by overabundant populations of ... team led by Michael Jenkins, associate professor of forest ... Resources policy of organizing hunts in state parks has ... and wildflowers rendered scarce by browsing deer. , ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) have ... cells, also regulates cell division in stratified epitheliathose that ... cover the oesophagus or the vaginain adult organisms. According ... journal Nature Communications , this factor could also ... from stratified epithelia of the oesophagus and skin. , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):No extra mutations in modified stem cells, study finds 2No extra mutations in modified stem cells, study finds 3Hunting gives deer-damaged forests in state parks a shot at recovery 2CNIO scientists discover that pluripotency factor NANOG is also active in adult organisms 2
(Date:7/9/2014)... Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert ... present new findings at the Alzheimer,s Association International Conference ... Copenhagen, Denmark. Data from the four abstracts will focus ... to mild cognitive impairment and dementia. The research is ... in 1980 to examine healthy brain aging as well ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... organs in the human body. Its job is to ... is its synthesis function and that toxic substances ... detoxification function. Lack of exercise and too much alcohol, ... resulting diseased cells can lead to inflammations, cancerous ulcers, ... the German Liver Foundation, over five million people in ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... published in the scientific journal Nature Neuroscience ... at Universit Laval, reveals that it is possible to ... rekindling pain so that it can subsequently be erased. ... chronic pain. , The researchers from the Faculty of ... mentale de Qubec (IUSMQ) were inspired by previous work ...
(Date:7/8/2014)... Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) awarded Lawrence ... to develop an implantable neural device with the ... brain to help restore memory, DARPA officials announced ... understanding that memory is a process in which ... information, store it and retrieve it. Certain types ...
(Date:7/8/2014)... obesity have increased risks of dying at a young ... disease, stroke, diabetes, and kidney and liver diseases, according ... 20 large studies of people from three countries. The ... (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, found ... a dramatic reduction in life expectancy compared with people ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Investigators from Montefiore and Einstein to present data at 2014 Alzheimer's Association International Conference 2Health News:Investigators from Montefiore and Einstein to present data at 2014 Alzheimer's Association International Conference 3Health News:Telemedicine for patients with chronic liver diseases 2Health News:Telemedicine for patients with chronic liver diseases 3Health News:Discovery of a new means to erase pain 2Health News:DARPA selects Lawrence Livermore to develop world's first neural device to restore memory 2Health News:DARPA selects Lawrence Livermore to develop world's first neural device to restore memory 3Health News:NCI study finds extreme obesity may shorten life expectancy up to 14 years 2
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