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Tag: "deafness" at biology news

Researchers make surprise discovery that some neurons can transmit three signals at once

...find out whether abnormal hearing, such as partial deafness or hearing dominated by noise, which in humans can affect normal language development, would cause glutamate to still be released. Finding such an association would be intriguing, but for now this remains just an hypothesis that will require much stu...

UI researcher studies deafness in fruit flies, humans

...iversity have uncovered genetic defects leading to deafness in fruit flies that may shed light on deafness in humans. Their research paper, "Myosin VIIA Defects, which Underlie the Usher 1B Syndrome in Human...

Researchers track down cause of a disfiguring bone disorder

...ons and pinching cranial nerves, which can lead to deafness and blindness. Collarbones, ribs and long bones can also be affected. The research team, led by Gabriela Loots of Livermore's Genome Biology Division, reports its findings today in the online version of the journal Genome Research. Noncoding DNA se...

New Lab Research May Help Those Deafened By Immune System Attack

...s, but many are left to cope with partial or total deafness without knowing what caused it. And no one knows why it happens. Now, new research based at the University of Michigan's Kresge Hearing Research Institute may help more patients find out quickly if steroids could help them, or if they can be spared ...

Cornell finds natural selection in humans

... the most common cause of congenital blindness and deafness in developed countries. "We have a long way to go before we can predict from looking at sequences, which mutations in which genes and under which environmental conditions can ultimately lead to disease. This is a first step in identifying the classe...

Researchers identify molecular anchor that allows bacterial invasion of central nervous system

...ent cognitive deficits, cerebral palsy, blindness, deafness or seizures. Therefore, an early acting treatment would help reduce the high rates of disability and death. "Previous studies have found that Streptococcus bacteria from infants with serious disease have significantly higher levels of LTA than bacte...

Argonne researchers confirm lead in Beethoven's illness

..., Walsh said. There have been documented cases of deafness resulting from lead poisoning, but this has been a relatively rare occurrence. There is no solid evidence that lead poisoning was a cause of Beethoven's deafness, Walsh said. "Beethoven saw physician after physician in search of a cure for his physi...

New research demonstrates bone-marrow derived stem cells can reverse genetic kidney disease

...teens, 20s or 30s. The disease additionally causes deafness in some patients. "This is one of 31 human diseases that occur because of genetic defects in the body's extracellular matrix and basement membrane proteins, " explains the study's senior author Raghu Kalluri, PhD, chief of the division of matrix bio...

With cochlear implants, earlier use leads to better speech

...g parents often find they need time to learn about deafness and potential treatments. Implantation also may be delayed to make certain an infant's deafness has not been misdiagnosed. Even when deafness is confirmed, the idea of head surgery for their bab...

'Smart' genetic therapy helps the body to heal itself

...an cause visual loss, seizures, speech problems or deafness due to demyelination invariably leading to death in children and problems of gait and co-ordination in adults." Professor Gert-Jan van Ommen, from the Centre for Human and Clinical Genetics, Leiden University Medical Centre, The Netherlands, and co...

Critical hearing gene helps send auditory messages to brain

By studying a gene earlier linked to deafness in humans, researchers now have new insight into t...e gene otoferlin are profoundly deaf. The animals' deafness results from an inability to translate sound stimulation into the release of a chemical nerve messen...

Stem cell transplants explored at Stanford as a possible treatment for hearing loss

...tation into humans, with the goal of first curing deafness in mice within the next five years. His lab is als...ind it." The idea of using drug therapy to cure deafness has been at the back of Heller's mind since he began researching the inner ear 12 years ago, and i...

Scientists identify molecular cause for one form of deafness

...m of deafness, and a conceptual connection between deafness and the organization of liquid crystals, which are...ons in espin's F-actin binding sites are linked to deafness in mice and humans. "We found the structure of the bundles changes dramatically when normal espin ...

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