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Tag: "costs" at biology news

Soils offer new hope as carbon sink

...dreds of years. "This is significant for farmer costs because one application of agrichar may be the equivalent of compost applications of the same weight every year for decades. "For the environment, it means soil carbon emissions can be reduced because rapidly decomposing carbon forms are being rep...

Millions of children denied drug that costs less than $3 a year

... countries are being denied an effective drug that costs less than $3 a year, according to an editorial in ...a single daily dose of a drug (phenobarbital) that costs less than $3 (£1.5; €2.2) each year. The World Health Organisation recommends phenobarbital as th...

Breakthrough developments in rheumatoid arthritis reported

...ey barrier to progress for many geneticists is the costs of obtaining genetic data from normal control populations to use for comparison to the genetic variation seen in people with disease. In collaboration with the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, The Feinstein will release genetics data on appr...

Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming

...ting carbon capture and storage into a power plant costs $30 to $70 per ton of carbon dioxide-taxes on emissions level the playing field and help make it viable. A policy framework, therefore, is essential for making carbon capture and storage economical, the Stanford researchers said. ''We need thou...

ASU research shows connection between testosterone, dietary antioxidants and bird coloration

...c mechanisms by which animals can avoid the immune costs of testosterone elevation and still keep their attractive and bright colors,” McGraw said. Most previous studies of this sort have focused on physiological or even genetic links between testosterone and health. He adds that it is worth considering th...

Mutating the entire genome

...as regulatory sequences.” Capecchi says it now costs about $10,000 to genetically engineer a mouse with a particular gene or other DNA sequence knocked out. So using existing technology to knock out the estimated 20,000 mouse genes would cost $200 million, and knocking out the roughly 300,000 non-gene ...

Machine preservation may promote more organ sharing

...ne preservation for ECD kidneys may lower hospital costs by reducing complications," said Stratta. "In addition, it may promote more sharing of organs; it is a superior means of preserving organs out of body and provides a way to assess the viability of the organ." Stratta said machine preservation has ...

Herpes infection may be symbiotic, help beat back some bacteria

... "We need to explore whether there are additional costs and benefits to the host from this," Virgin says. "Are there additional pathogens that find it harder to come in as a secondary infection after herpes becomes latent" Do other latent infections convey similar protective effects" These are not the kin...

Scientists seek useful traits in wild cottons

...avvy consumers, and help farmers reduce production costs without sacrificing yield or lint quality, Gannaway said. Mark Arnold, Experiment Station research associate, and Monica Sheehan, Experiment Station research assistant, are screening cottons grown at Lubbock for thrips and Lygus bug resistan...

Study warns deep-sea mining may pose serious threat to fragile marine ecosystems

...urface of the ocean floor. However, high projected costs and the regulatory restrictions on deep sea mining in international waters through the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) have currently put those projects on hold. In particular, says Halfar, restrictions by the International S...

Study shows dramatic increase in Caesarean sections

...rean rates also has a significant impact on health costs in both the public and private sectors." Report co-author, obstetrician Craig Pennell from the School of Women's and Infants' Health at the University of Western Australia, said the changes over the 20 year period in both elective and emergency ca...

Study calculates patient time costs associated with cancer care

...ournal of the National Cancer Institute . The time costs for the 11 cancers studied and for different phase... Several studies have estimated the direct medical costs of cancer care, but few have attempted to include a patient's time associated with cancer care, such...

Woman's Day and For Womens of Science

...e areas of the planet. The actual socioeconomic costs of mercury pollution are probably much greater than estimated because existing economic analyses don't consider mercury's impacts on ecosystems and wildlife. The concentration of methylmercury in fish in freshwater and coastal ecosystems can be exp...

Mercury contamination of fish warrants worldwide public warning

...e areas of the planet. The actual socioeconomic costs of mercury pollution are probably much greater than estimated because existing economic analyses don't consider mercury's impacts on ecosystems and wildlife. The concentration of methylmercury in fish in freshwater and coastal ecosystems can be exp...

Rapid, Low-Cost DNA Testing

...sts. The new method is simple and effective. It costs very little, and it's very quick. The most wide...thberg's technique only requires 5 minutes, and it costs approximately $0.05 (literally five cents) per test. The capital expenditure to set up a lab with th...

Saving endangered whales at no cost

... In the new work, the researchers analyzed the costs and benefits of two dramatically different lobster...more optimal fishing strategy--including decreased costs and improved total income--would allow greatly reduced risk to the remaining right whales while prov...

Bats prey on nocturnally migrating songbirds

...usion between insect prey and feathers); also, the costs of swallowing feathers which are casually encountered would be lower than spitting them away (Bontadina & Arlettaz, 2003 Functional Ecology 17, 141-142). In the case of giant noctule bats, it was for sure the description by Ibañez et al. (200...

Cheaper, better disease treatments expected from faster approach to developing antibodies

...ting mammalian cells to produce lots of antibodies costs more, and can take several months. The direct bacterial approach developed by the laboratory of the professor of chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, and molecular genetics and microbiology shaves weeks off the production process. Based on t...

Producing medicines in plant seeds

...e and have a limited production capacity. The high costs are primarily due to the need for well-equipped pr...nticipate that, by working with plants, production costs will be 10 to 100 times lower. Another important advantage is that large-scale production is possibl...

Custom-made cancer cell attacks

... is released when biofuels burn. Environmental costs Some environmentalists criticize the use of biofuels by arguing that planting large quantities of corn or grass to produce ethanol will require widespread deforestation, which threatens biodiversity. ''It depends on what acres of land one uses [t...

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(Date:7/30/2014)... effects of climate change on the world,s animal ... factors, according to a new paper by a ... of Queensland, and other organizations. The authors claim ... the point when it comes to climate change. ... scientists focus on the "direct" threats of changing ...
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