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Tag: "corn" at biology news

Ancient olfaction protein is shared by many bugs, offering new pest control target

...ong the fruit fly, the medfly (a citrus pest), the corn earworm moth (which damages corn and tobacco), and Anopheles gambiae, the malaria mosquito. When the medfly, moth, and mosquito versi...

DuPont's first biologically derived polymer receives global recognition

... make Bio-PDOTM, the key Sorona® ingredient, from corn using a new biological process that requires over 40 percent less total energy than the traditional petrochemical feedstock. It will be commercially available in 2006. In 2003, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency presented DuPont with its annu...

Six million Africans face famine because of locusts, drought

...rted selling livestock cheaply and eating the seed corn they should plant during next month's expected rains, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said today. "The combined effect of drought and locust attack, particularly in the more northerly districts of the co...

Bugs, even 'bad' ones, can be educationally beneficial, new book says

... he describes are found in Illinois, including the corn rootworm. Other regional insects also are mentioned, such as the evergreen bagworm that spans the east coast of the United States and stretches westward to Nebraska and Louisiana. Other pests with wider ranges, such as disease-toting mosquitoes, prod...

Research may provide new link between soft drinks and weight gain

...and beverages containing sucrose and high-fructose corn syrup?particularly carbonated soft drinks and some...ly used sweetener derived from corn, high-fructose corn syrup is similar to sucrose (table sugar) in its composition, about half glucose and half fructose. ...

Unique library of plant genes germinates, takes root at UNC

...rld's most valuable crops, among them rice, wheat, corn and potatoes. "But it's also much more than just a repository of genetic information," said Dr. Todd J. Vision, assistant professor of biology in UNC's College of Arts and Sciences. "It allows plant researchers to ask complex questions that involve...

Deep sea algae connect ancient climate, carbon dioxide and vegetation

...tive to atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, such as corn and sugarcane. "The onset and stabilization of ice sheets at the same time as a decline in carbon dioxide illustrates the importance of atmospheric carbon dioxide as an agent of both climate and biological change," Pagani said. Collaborators were B...

Invasive parasite destroying fish species

...tive to atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, such as corn and sugarcane. "The onset and stabilization of ice sheets at the same time as a decline in carbon dioxide illustrates the importance of atmospheric carbon dioxide as an agent of both climate and biological change," Pagani said. Collaborators were B...

Stem cells grown in lab mirror normal developmental steps

...tive to atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, such as corn and sugarcane. "The onset and stabilization of ice sheets at the same time as a decline in carbon dioxide illustrates the importance of atmospheric carbon dioxide as an agent of both climate and biological change," Pagani said. Collaborators were B...

The genetic origins of corn on the cob

In 1909, while harvesting a typical corn crop (Zea mays) in Illinois, a field worker notice...assel that was far bushier than the tops of normal corn plants. Now, researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York have isolated the ramosa1 gen...

$6.5 Million Grant for Microarray Center at Yale School of Medicine

In 1909, while harvesting a typical corn crop (Zea mays) in Illinois, a field worker notice...assel that was far bushier than the tops of normal corn plants. Now, researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York have isolated the ramosa1 gen...

Insects develop resistance to engineered crops

...insects that bore into stems, such as the European corn borer, which causes more than $1 billion in damage annually in the United States. In greenhouses at the New York State Agriculture Experiment Station in Geneva, N.Y., the researchers used three types of GM broccoli plants: two types of plants each e...

Organic farms produce same yields as conventional farms

Organic farming produces the same yields of corn and soybeans as does conventional farming, but use...c farming offers real advantages for such crops as corn and soybeans." Pimentel is the lead author of a study that is published in the July issue of Bioscie...

UCR biochemist goes to Washington with high-protein corn

...holds promise for efficiently feeding high-protein corn to people and livestock all over the world, Gallie...minar. In the United States, the vast majority of corn - nearly 65 percent - is used to feed animals for meat production. Much of the remainder is exported...

Green diesel: New process makes liquid transportation fuel from plants

...ues detail a four-phase catalytic reactor in which corn and other biomass-derived carbohydrates can be con... to create twice the energy as is created in using corn to make ethanol." About 67 percent of the energy required to make ethanol is consumed in fermenting...

Making plant cells work like miniature factories

...nd radish. "Arabidopsis is not a major crop like corn and soybeans," Yeung said, "but because so much is already known about it genetically, we can hopefully begin to draw correlations between the chemical and genetic makeup. We hope that such fundamental research will be applicable to other plants as w...

Ethanol and biodiesel from crops not worth the energy

...ut for ethanol production, the study found that: # corn requires 29 percent more fossil energy than the fuel produced; # switch grass requires 45 percent more fossil energy than the fuel produced; and # wood biomass requires 57 percent more fossil energy than the fuel produced. In terms of energy output ...

Using the genomic shortcut to predict bacterial behavior

...ut for ethanol production, the study found that: # corn requires 29 percent more fossil energy than the fuel produced; # switch grass requires 45 percent more fossil energy than the fuel produced; and # wood biomass requires 57 percent more fossil energy than the fuel produced. In terms of energy output ...

Genetically modified maize not found in southern Mexico

...many scientists thought, genetically modified (GM) corn has not yet spread to native maize crops in southe...ture and identity revolve heavily around maize, or corn ?the crop was first developed here thousands of years ago ?the thought of importing GM varieties tha...

Fluoride poisoning in China due to clay, not coal

...e blocks of coal. The combined fuel is used to dry corn before storing it. Corn, however, absorbs more smoke than other grains, such as rice or wheat. Zheng's team found that only 15 per cent of the fluoride released when the coal and clay mixture is burnt comes from the coal. The fluoride that contamin...

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