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Tag: "coordinating" at biology news

Studies to find better ways to preserve human eggs, ovarian tissue under way

...n – would reduce the cost and logistical issues of coordinating donor eggs. “The long-term goal is organ banking,” says Dr. Song, because even though there are insufficient numbers of donors for those on transplant lists today, another piece of the puzzle is developing techniques for growing organs. In fact, h...

Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming

...00 years' worth of emissions, according to Benson, coordinating lead author of the IPCC chapter on underground geological storage. With fossil fuels already comprising 85 percent of the world's energy consumption, and their use rapidly increasing due to the growth of developing countries, such as China and Ind...

Stem cells act through multiple mechanisms to benefit mice with neurodegenerative disease

...ys the brain cells instrumental in controlling and coordinating body movement and results in inexorable deterioration of the brain and spinal cord. Children suffering with Sandhoff rarely see their sixth birthday. Sandhoff mice are similarly affected. Tay-Sachs is predominant to Ashkenazi Jewish populations, whil...

Meeting the ethanol challenge: Scientists use supercomputer to target cellulose bottleneck

...ed up this key reaction," said Mike Cleary, who is coordinating SDSC's role in the project. "This is important in making ethanol from plant biomass a realistic 'carbon neutral' alternative to the fossil petroleum used today for transportation fuels." The results were reported in the April 12 online edition of ...

Molecular motors and brakes work together in cells

...icrotubule structures of defined lengths stable by coordinating the sliding of the motors and the slowing of the brakes." If microtubule-based structures are not formed properly because of failures in brakes or motors, such basic functions as cell division and cell transport can go awry, with such diseases as ...

First major study of mammalian 'disorderly' proteins

...n cells play key roles in transmitting signals and coordinating biochemical and genetic activities that keep the cell alive and functioning. Kriwacki is senior author of a report on this work that appears in the prepublication online issue of Journal of Proteome Research. "Until now there was no way to separat...

First human study confirms that immune cells can be a primary cause of bone loss in gum disease

... can contribute to increased periodontal bone loss coordinating with activated T-cells. Both cell types had previously been found to manifest a host immune response to the bacteria causing bone loss in animal models, by his group. "This research validates our hypothesis that immune cells are harmful in gum di...

Two NIH initiatives launch intensive efforts to find roots of common diseases

...unded genotyping for GEI will be managed by an NIH coordinating committee under the usual government rules, subject to competition between research facilities, and begin in FY 2007. The research will lead directly to the identification of major genetic susceptibility factors for common diseases of substantial p...

NHGRI announces new sequencing targets

...derstanding the evolutionary biology of genomes. A coordinating committee then reviews the working groups' proposa... scientific priorities. The recommendations of the coordinating committee are reviewed and approved by one of NHGRI's advisory groups, The National Advisory Council...

International HIV/AIDS trial finds continuous antiretroviral therapy superior to episodic therapy

...rsity of New South Wales, the Sydney international coordinating center director, notes, "SMART is an example of how a large group of investigators around the world can work together to obtain an answer to an important HIV treatment question." Further information concerning the study findings can be found in a Qu...

The brain is broadly wired for reproduction

...nfluence a wide array of brain functions, possibly coordinating those functions with neuroendocrine status in order to optimize reproductive success, according to Buck. Almost all the GnRH neuron-connected areas were identical in male and female mouse brains. However, there were some telltale sex differences in ...

Telling axons where to go - and grow

...ate that Rnf6 not only plays an important role in coordinating neuronal development but may be also involved in oncogenesis." ...

How Fruitflies Know It's Time for Lunch

...ound that several types of neurons responsible for coordinating taste signals express the gene hugin (hug), a gene linked to abnormal eating activity and expressed in only the subesophageal ganglion. By altering hug expression, the researchers uncovered the gene's behavioral influence: hug-expressing neurons infl...

Marine conservation organizations team up to conduct Indonesia coral reefs assessment

... Check Director Gregor Hodgson, Ph.D., who will be coordinating the two-week expedition. "This disaster presents a great opportunity to reinforce the concepts of marine management in Indonesia and to ensure that sufficient reef areas are protected such that fish and shellfish can prosper and reproduce." Shipboar...

Purdue researchers find key to rice blast fungus

...Pathology, found that an enzyme is a key player in coordinating the fungus' attack. The enzyme, called a pathogenicity mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, flips the switch that starts the cellular communication necessary to launch the fungal invasion that kills rice plants or causes loss of grain. "We found ...

MWG Biotech expands siMAX?siRNA portfolio with new scales, lengths and design tools

... timing of metamorphosis and its initial stages by coordinating how hormones respond when a fruit fly larva has gained enough weight ?and stored enough food ?to begin the transformation to adulthood. When the gene was deactivated, larvae did not know whether or not they had gained enough weight, so they entered ...

Scientists find a maturity gene in fly

... timing of metamorphosis and its initial stages by coordinating how hormones respond when a fruit fly larva has gained enough weight ?and stored enough food ?to begin the transformation to adulthood. When the gene was deactivated, larvae did not know whether or not they had gained enough weight, so they entered ...

Possible treatment found for 'chemobrain'

...derstanding the evolutionary biology of genomes. A coordinating committee then reviews the working groups?proposal... scientific priorities. The recommendations of the coordinating committee are then reviewed and approved by NHGRI’s advisory council, which in turn forwards its rec...

NHGRI Selects 13 More Organisms for Genome Sequencing

...derstanding the evolutionary biology of genomes. A coordinating committee then reviews the working groups?proposal... scientific priorities. The recommendations of the coordinating committee are then reviewed and approved by NHGRI’s advisory council, which in turn forwards its rec...

New type of rejection blocker protects kidneys after transplant

... international network of more than 80 researchers coordinating clinical testing of new therapies to induce immune tolerance. "Additionally, this phase II study provides a solid foundation for Dr. Vincenti's upcoming ITN-sponsored study of belatacept in kidney transplant recipients, in which we will test whethe...

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(Date:4/23/2014)... release is available in French and German . ... or female? In humans and other mammals, the difference between sexes ... It is present only in males, where the two sexual chromosomes ... the Y is ultimately responsible for all the morphological and physiological ... been the case. A very long time ago, the X and ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... Huntington,s disease, most in their mid-thirties and forties, ... behavioral decline within two decades. "Mutant" protein clusters, ... disease, have been the primary focus of therapies ... new research from Prof. Gerardo Lederkremer and Dr. ... Cell Research and Immunology, in collaboration with Prof. ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... A team of researchers in Korea who ... brains of nonhuman primates and assessed cell survival ... that the hNSCs had differentiated into neurons at ... The study will be published in a future ... currently freely available on-line as an unedited early ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Male or female? 2Male or female? 3On the defensive 2On the defensive 3Study finds long-term survival of human neural stem cells transplanted into primate brain 2
(Date:4/23/2014)... A pilot study by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators ... unusual treatment for a serious medical problem use ... diarrhea caused by the Clostridium difficile ( ... published online in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases ... fecal material from donors unrelated to patients was as ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... researchers say clinical trials for a new experimental ... very promising. Patients treated with CPX-351, a combination ... showing better responses than patients treated with the ... myeloid leukemia is an aggressive blood cancer with ... older patients," explained Jeffrey Lancet, M.D., senior member ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... A Michigan State University researcher is looking to give ... workout, and her latest research shows that a cyber ... the Games for Health Journal , is the ... still a better motivator during exercise, a software-generated partner ... that something that isn,t real can still motivate people ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... University researchers have developed a way to detect and ... tiny gold particles with tails of synthetic DNA., A ... biological engineering, used gold nanoparticles to target and bind ... RNA splice variants, which can indicate the presence and ... splice variants in a cell can be determined by ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... the gastro-intestinal tract has long been considered to be ... Sahlgrenska Academy have used refined microscopic techniques that indicate ... of the gastro-intestinal tract is only as large as ... The digestive tract, which passes from the mouth through ... length of about 5 meters in a normal adult, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Use of frozen material for fecal transplant successfully treats C. difficile infection 2Health News:Use of frozen material for fecal transplant successfully treats C. difficile infection 3Health News:Moffitt Cancer Center's phase 3 study may be game-changer for acute myeloid leukemia 2Health News:Cyber buddy is better than 'no buddy' 2Health News:Gold nanoparticles help target, quantify breast cancer segments in a living cell 2Health News:The surface area of the digestive tract 'only' as large as a studio apartment 2
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