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Tag: "coordinating" at biology news

Studies to find better ways to preserve human eggs, ovarian tissue under way

...n – would reduce the cost and logistical issues of coordinating donor eggs. “The long-term goal is organ banking,” says Dr. Song, because even though there are insufficient numbers of donors for those on transplant lists today, another piece of the puzzle is developing techniques for growing organs. In fact, h...

Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming

...00 years' worth of emissions, according to Benson, coordinating lead author of the IPCC chapter on underground geological storage. With fossil fuels already comprising 85 percent of the world's energy consumption, and their use rapidly increasing due to the growth of developing countries, such as China and Ind...

Stem cells act through multiple mechanisms to benefit mice with neurodegenerative disease

...ys the brain cells instrumental in controlling and coordinating body movement and results in inexorable deterioration of the brain and spinal cord. Children suffering with Sandhoff rarely see their sixth birthday. Sandhoff mice are similarly affected. Tay-Sachs is predominant to Ashkenazi Jewish populations, whil...

Meeting the ethanol challenge: Scientists use supercomputer to target cellulose bottleneck

...ed up this key reaction," said Mike Cleary, who is coordinating SDSC's role in the project. "This is important in making ethanol from plant biomass a realistic 'carbon neutral' alternative to the fossil petroleum used today for transportation fuels." The results were reported in the April 12 online edition of ...

Molecular motors and brakes work together in cells

...icrotubule structures of defined lengths stable by coordinating the sliding of the motors and the slowing of the brakes." If microtubule-based structures are not formed properly because of failures in brakes or motors, such basic functions as cell division and cell transport can go awry, with such diseases as ...

First major study of mammalian 'disorderly' proteins

...n cells play key roles in transmitting signals and coordinating biochemical and genetic activities that keep the cell alive and functioning. Kriwacki is senior author of a report on this work that appears in the prepublication online issue of Journal of Proteome Research. "Until now there was no way to separat...

First human study confirms that immune cells can be a primary cause of bone loss in gum disease

... can contribute to increased periodontal bone loss coordinating with activated T-cells. Both cell types had previously been found to manifest a host immune response to the bacteria causing bone loss in animal models, by his group. "This research validates our hypothesis that immune cells are harmful in gum di...

Two NIH initiatives launch intensive efforts to find roots of common diseases

...unded genotyping for GEI will be managed by an NIH coordinating committee under the usual government rules, subject to competition between research facilities, and begin in FY 2007. The research will lead directly to the identification of major genetic susceptibility factors for common diseases of substantial p...

NHGRI announces new sequencing targets

...derstanding the evolutionary biology of genomes. A coordinating committee then reviews the working groups' proposa... scientific priorities. The recommendations of the coordinating committee are reviewed and approved by one of NHGRI's advisory groups, The National Advisory Council...

International HIV/AIDS trial finds continuous antiretroviral therapy superior to episodic therapy

...rsity of New South Wales, the Sydney international coordinating center director, notes, "SMART is an example of how a large group of investigators around the world can work together to obtain an answer to an important HIV treatment question." Further information concerning the study findings can be found in a Qu...

The brain is broadly wired for reproduction

...nfluence a wide array of brain functions, possibly coordinating those functions with neuroendocrine status in order to optimize reproductive success, according to Buck. Almost all the GnRH neuron-connected areas were identical in male and female mouse brains. However, there were some telltale sex differences in ...

Telling axons where to go - and grow

...ate that Rnf6 not only plays an important role in coordinating neuronal development but may be also involved in oncogenesis." ...

How Fruitflies Know It's Time for Lunch

...ound that several types of neurons responsible for coordinating taste signals express the gene hugin (hug), a gene linked to abnormal eating activity and expressed in only the subesophageal ganglion. By altering hug expression, the researchers uncovered the gene's behavioral influence: hug-expressing neurons infl...

Marine conservation organizations team up to conduct Indonesia coral reefs assessment

... Check Director Gregor Hodgson, Ph.D., who will be coordinating the two-week expedition. "This disaster presents a great opportunity to reinforce the concepts of marine management in Indonesia and to ensure that sufficient reef areas are protected such that fish and shellfish can prosper and reproduce." Shipboar...

Purdue researchers find key to rice blast fungus

...Pathology, found that an enzyme is a key player in coordinating the fungus' attack. The enzyme, called a pathogenicity mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, flips the switch that starts the cellular communication necessary to launch the fungal invasion that kills rice plants or causes loss of grain. "We found ...

MWG Biotech expands siMAX?siRNA portfolio with new scales, lengths and design tools

... timing of metamorphosis and its initial stages by coordinating how hormones respond when a fruit fly larva has gained enough weight ?and stored enough food ?to begin the transformation to adulthood. When the gene was deactivated, larvae did not know whether or not they had gained enough weight, so they entered ...

Scientists find a maturity gene in fly

... timing of metamorphosis and its initial stages by coordinating how hormones respond when a fruit fly larva has gained enough weight ?and stored enough food ?to begin the transformation to adulthood. When the gene was deactivated, larvae did not know whether or not they had gained enough weight, so they entered ...

Possible treatment found for 'chemobrain'

...derstanding the evolutionary biology of genomes. A coordinating committee then reviews the working groups?proposal... scientific priorities. The recommendations of the coordinating committee are then reviewed and approved by NHGRI’s advisory council, which in turn forwards its rec...

NHGRI Selects 13 More Organisms for Genome Sequencing

...derstanding the evolutionary biology of genomes. A coordinating committee then reviews the working groups?proposal... scientific priorities. The recommendations of the coordinating committee are then reviewed and approved by NHGRI’s advisory council, which in turn forwards its rec...

New type of rejection blocker protects kidneys after transplant

... international network of more than 80 researchers coordinating clinical testing of new therapies to induce immune tolerance. "Additionally, this phase II study provides a solid foundation for Dr. Vincenti's upcoming ITN-sponsored study of belatacept in kidney transplant recipients, in which we will test whethe...

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(Date:7/28/2014)... became the first man to reach the South Pole ... an international team of scientists led by Joe McConnell ... air pollution from industrial activities arrived long before. , ... spaced locations around the Antarctic continent, including the South ... reconstruction to date of lead pollution over the Earth,s ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... A new in vitro study has revealed that nicotine ... DNA damage caused by a certain carcinogen in smoke. ... the curing of tobacco leaves and ultimately ends up ... in the lung and liver, where it is activated ... Previous research in mice has revealed that nicotine can ...
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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Industrial lead pollution beat explorers to the South Pole by 22 years and persists today 2Industrial lead pollution beat explorers to the South Pole by 22 years and persists today 3Nicotine found to inhibit DNA-strand break caused by a certain carcinogen in smoke 2Dinosaurs fell victim to perfect storm of events, study shows 2
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