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Tag: "conflict" at biology news

Massive herds of animals found to still exist in Southern Sudan

...nservation value and strategic importance beset by conflict over resources. “The significance of this find ...dors. Widespread automatic weapons used during the conflict are now being used by unauthorized individuals for poaching and commercial, unsustainable hunting. T...

CU study reveals why starling females cheat

...Rubenstein said it suggests that there may be less conflict between the sexes than in other species. He is currently researching this issue. While it has long been known that males of many species cheat and mate widely to produce as many offspring as possible to spread their genes, the reasons behind femal...

Treating HIV in war zones -- Public health emergencies need rapid advice from WHO

...manitarian health agencies should not wait until a conflict is over before launching HIV care programs, say a ... one of the keys to successful provision of ART in conflict settings is preparation for disruption," say the authors. Some of the crucial contingency measures i...

Trusting your instincts leads you to the right answer

...h, our instincts and higher-level functions are in conflict and in this case our instincts are often silenced by our reasoning conscious mind. Participants would have improved their performance if they had been able to switch off their higher-level cognition by, for example, acting quickly." Tracking partic...

Huddling and a drop in metabolism allow penguins to survive the South Pole cold

...in deep body (core) temperature would be in direct conflict with the requirements for successful egg incubation. Therefore, energy savings accrued from huddling might rely on mechanisms other than a lower body temperature. To better understand this mechanism, the researchers conducted the first recording...

Power emerges from consensus in monkey social networks

...of these conflicts. Power structure is critical to conflict management, which is in turn critical to social cohesion." ...

What does the public really know about HPV?

...re research that updates previous knowledge, might conflict with prior knowledge, or provides entirely new options for diagnosis and treatment," said Jasmin A. Tiro, Ph.D., MPH, in the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, NCI, Bethesda, Md. "With limited awareness about HPV among women in this...

High levels of blindness in southern Sudan following years of war

Surveys conducted in southern Sudan, after conflict there ended in 2004, found much higher levels of blindness than anticipated. The results, published in PLoS Medicine, have major implications for the provision of health services in the region. Sudan is the largest country in Africa and one of the p...

Parental genes do what's best for baby

...me genes only use or ‘express?one copy is due to a conflict between paternal and maternal interests. In the...n. “The idea that imprinting evolves because of conflict between males and females over maternal investment in their offspring has become a generally accepte...

Rhesus monkeys in Nepal may provide new alternative for HIV/AIDS research

...man-monkey conflicts," said Kyes. "In Nepal, this conflict is caused by monkeys that raid staple crops such as sweet potatoes and corn. Crop raiding is prevalent in many areas in Nepal and in the last five to 10 years there are many instances of local people seeking to solve this problem by chasing or killin...

The appearance of your hands can reveal your age, study finds

... younger after your facelift or eyelid surgery can conflict with aged hands that simply do not match the face," said Roxanne Guy, MD, ASPS president-elect. "After the face, hands are the second most visible, tell-tale sign of one's age. If your goal is to look more youthful or you are bothered by the appear...

Dominant meerkats render rivals infertile

...bordinates, typically those with whom reproductive conflict is most likely (females of breeding age, older, and pregnant females), suffer repeated attacks and chases throughout this period, leading to dramatically increased levels of stress hormones and a collapse in fertility. This tactic reduces conception ...

Polynesia explorers created worldwide web of scientific knowledge

... proposed to do, "sought to eradicate them." "The conflict between scientists and missionaries was a critical event in European intellectual history of the first half of the nineteenth century. Parties to both sides were convinced of the truth of their position and the bad faith of their opponents." ...

Light guides flight of migratory birds

...is just above the horizon," said Phillips. "In cue conflict experiments carried out before migration, birds we...ring migration where birds were exposed to the cue conflict with a view of the horizon, they did recalibrate their magnetic compass -- just as was previously ob...

Even a little cooling helps after cardiac arrest

...hier the marsh. While the parasite hypothesis may conflict with conventional ideas about infectious disease and human health (malaria, for example, is caused by a parasite), the worms the scientists are investigating are not just any kind of parasite. For one, these worms, known as trematodes, must sequenti...

How healthy is that marsh? Biologists count parasites

...hier the marsh. While the parasite hypothesis may conflict with conventional ideas about infectious disease and human health (malaria, for example, is caused by a parasite), the worms the scientists are investigating are not just any kind of parasite. For one, these worms, known as trematodes, must sequenti...

For diseases, when it comes to sharing a home, only close relatives will do

...most often with close relatives, this evolutionary conflict is decreased, possibly resulting in less harm by overexploitation. Such new insights into how pathogens interact within the host are needed to better understand and confront the harmful effects of diseases. ...

Five surprising facts about starvation that could change the international agenda

While public attention gravitates towards conflict and natural disaster, many people in countries les...When the authors compared countries without recent conflict to countries that have recently emerged from periods of conflict or remain continually unstable, the...

Survival of the selfless - scientists find cheats don't always prosper

...t the time is intriguing. We hope examining social conflict at the level of individual cells will shed more light on this." ...

Widespread elephant slaughter discovered in Chad

...asing. Zakouma is only about 150 miles west of the conflict area of Darfur and is in the path of recent rebel activity in Chad, thus security is low and borders are porous in this isolated region. Fay took information of the massacres to Chadian and EU officials, who are enacting an emergency plan with contr...

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