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Tag: "competitive" at biology news

Plants recognize their siblings, biologists discover

...ter University have found that plants get fiercely competitive when forced to share their pot with strangers of t...n, Canada. “When plants share their pots, they get competitive and start growing more roots, which allows them to grab water and mineral nutrients before their nei...

Invasion of the island bats

...round, island organisms were thought to lose their competitive edge and so they hardly ever re-colonized the continent from which they originated. These views suffered a severe blow recently when evolutionary studies of birds of the South Pacific and Caribbean lizards uncovered at least three separate cases ...

Parasites' impact goes beyond host to affect ecosystem

...she conducted in summer 2005 as part of the highly competitive Research Experience for Undergraduates at the Shoals Marine Lab (SML). Byers and Wood hypothesized that since L. littorea was the intertidal zone’s most voracious eater of green, weedy algae, and the flatworm C. lingua infects L. littorea and dama...

Super-fermenting fungus genome sequenced

On the road to making biofuels more economically competitive with fossil fuels, there are significant potholes to negotiate. For cellulosic ethanol production, one major detour has being addressed with the characterization of the genetic blueprint of the fungus Pichia stipitis, by the U.S. Department of Energ...

New report: Explosive growth changes salmon industry

...vides the bulk of North America's salmon, remain a competitive product? One of the report's recommendations is that Alaskan salmon producers expand the use of labeling provided by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) which conveys to consumers that wild salmon come from sustainable fisheries. "Labeling he...

Study finds surfing safer than soccer

...researchers have computed the rate of injury among competitive surfers and found they are less prone to harm than...erican Journal of Sports Medicine. "We found that competitive surfing has a relatively low risk of injury ?6.6 significant injuries per 1,000 hours of surfing - c...

Scientists find method to pick noncompetitive animals, improve production

... selective breeding programs to effectively reduce competitive interactions in livestock, he said. The method also aids in predicting how social interactions impact the natural evolution of species. Muir and his colleagues write about the tool and its effectiveness in two papers published in the current issue...

New biofuels process promises to meet all US transportation needs

...ach practical. But making the concept economically competitive with gasoline and diesel fuel would require research in two areas: finding ways to produce cheap hydrogen from carbon-free sources and developing a new type of gasifier needed for the process. "Having said that, this is the first concept for creat...

Custom-made cancer cell attacks

...seven to 10 years to produce cellulosic ethanol at competitive prices. ''It is certainly possible to achieve Bush's goals technically,'' he said. ''The question in my mind is whether investors are ready to put up the money required to make it happen.''...

Some caterpillers just don't want to grow up

...ts suggested so far, only a "priority effect" ?the competitive asymmetry between last year's slow and this year's fast developing caterpillars ?can explain why more than 50% of caterpillars mature in their second season. Yet, according to the currently available data, the effect seems to be too weak to fully exp...

Cellulosic ethanol: Fuel of the future?

...seven to 10 years to produce cellulosic ethanol at competitive prices. ''It is certainly possible to achieve Bush's goals technically,'' he said. ''The question in my mind is whether investors are ready to put up the money required to make it happen.''...

Researchers seek to design first treatment for neuroAIDS

...from the National Institute of Mental Health, is a competitive renewal of a previous grant, but with a shift in focus. In the original grant cycle, Gelbard and Sanjay Maggirwar, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the Medical Center, identified an enzyme, GSK-3b, that w...

New clues to how sex evolves

... to maturity in only three days, is under a lot of competitive pressure to reproduce quickly, and that different binding sites on different Pairing Centers makes for faster chromosome pairing and thus faster reproduction -- unlike organisms that need to find a mate before they can reproduce, and mature more slow...

Poor athletic performance linked to vitamin deficiency

...llegiate athletes in her research, as well as less competitive individuals. The stress on the body's energy pro...etes, especially young athletes involved in highly competitive sports, do not realize the impact their diets have on their performance," said Manore, who is also a...

Report focuses on the role good microbes play in future medicine

...y crowding them out. One potential application of competitive exclusion would be colonizing the mouth with beneficial bacteria to prevent the growth of bacteria that cause cavities and gum disease. Probiotics also help prevent disease by interacting with and strengthening the immune system. "Exposure to com...

The brain, traffic and nano-circuits -- e-Science takes on major challenges

...elp UK circuit designers to remain internationally competitive and overcome the disadvantages caused by the lack of an indigenous UK semiconductor industry. ...

Scientific issues associated with carbon-neutral energy sources such as cellulosic ethanol

... the DOE Office of Science's Basic Energy Sciences competitive grant awards program for Energy Biosciences research and member of the DOE Office of Science Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC). He was the speaker on "Biofuels and the [DOE] Biofuels Workshop Report" at the July 11, 20...

Ready, set, mutate?and may the best microbe win

... mutations in other genes were responsible for the competitive advantage. Shamoo said it's significant that the mutations didn't arise where expected within the gene. Four of the six occurred in regions of the gene that are identical in both heat-resistant and non-heat-resistant forms of G. stearothermophilus. ...

Schepens scientists are first to discover angiogenesis switch inside blood vessel cells

...nd disappear. The team concluded that it was the competitive relationship between these two enzymes for the lipid that was at least part of the intracellular switch for which they and other scientists have been searching. They also concluded that blood vessel growth or regression was dependent on the relative ...

FSU biologists uncover mechanisms that shape cells for better or worse

...al Institutes of Health have awarded Deng a highly competitive "R01" (Research Project Grant) for health-related research and development. Just after joining the FSU faculty in 2004, Deng led a Drosophila oogenesis study that revealed mechanisms of cell-to-cell signaling along other key pathways. Those finding...

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